In today’s world, the aviation industry faces the risk of malicious motives and acts. For example, incidents of terrorism can be perpetrated in any country, and at any time. In the wake of the terrorism challenges that bedevil the society, the aviation industry must be steps ahead in terms of safety management. To counteract these challenges, there is need for enhanced capabilities for surveillance and data collection. This will weed out any persons wanted for terrorism-linked charges, and makes airlines safe for travel. In addition, there is need for enhanced scenario planning and uncertainty analysis. This will ensure that the aviation industry will be prepared in the event that terrorists attack. Although these solutions will not transfer terrorism risks, they will reduce the risks significantly. Furthermore, the solutions will not cause any undesirable or unintended consequences.
Insurance policies enable the transfer of loss from one entity to another in exchange for payment. Depending on the insurance policy, terms such as insured cost and uninsured cost may arise. Insured cost refers to the expenses that are payable to the policy holder because the other party (that caused the accident) has an insurance policy that covers occurrence of the event insured. For example, when another driver hits your vehicle, the repair costs will be paid by the driver’s insurance company because the driver insures their motor vehicle. Uninsured cost on the other hand refers to the expenses incurred by a policy holder after collision with another party that does not have an insurance policy. For example, in the event that you are hit by a driver and the driver does not have any insurance cover, you have to pay for the costs of repairing that vehicle. Uninsured cost can be mitigated though a number of means. For example, an organization may consider having uninsured coverage. The uninsured coverage protects the organization in incidents where uninsured parties crash their automobiles into those of the organization.
For safety program managers, it is always important to classify mishaps. This is because accident classification enables identification of the root causes of accidents and facilitates the development of patterns for detection and correction. Failure to classify accidents accurately would mean that the root causes of accidents would not be identified and, therefore, detecting and correcting such accidents would not be possible. To understand how accident classification takes place, we can have a look at the multiple causation theory. The multiple causation theory stipulates that for every single accident, there must be a number of contributory factors that give rise to the accident. For example, an accident could be as a result of lack of skills and improper attitude on the part of the worker. Through the multiple causation theory, safety program managers understand both the environmental and behavioral factors causing the accident.
A safety program that is straitly in compliance with laws and regulations is not a sufficient safety program. First of all, we live in a society that is bound by rules and regulations. Therefore, safety health programs should be anchored on the existing laws and regulations. Any attempts to draft safety programs that are not bound by laws and regulations will not succeed. This is because some parties may feel prejudiced by the new safety program, and bring the matter to the attention of the authorities. In such a scenario, the authorities will definitely use the existing laws to make a ruling. If the safety program contradicts the existing rules and regulations, the authorities will be left with no choice other than to declare the safety program unconstitutional.
Safety management and economics intertwine together because safety issues are also economic matters. This is because all the safety hazards disrupt work, and anything that disrupts work also disrupts economic activities. Again, from an economic perspective, all the potential risks affect workers, their organizations, and nations as a whole. The economic analysis of safety hazards is therefore relevant in assessing the economic impact of disasters from an organization point-of- view and from a macroeconomic point. In addition, economic analysis of safety management issues helps to appreciate the importance of developing solutions to mitigate or reduce hazards. Lastly, by giving estimates of the financial costs and benefits of safety management, insurance companies are also bale to come up with appropriate policies for the insurance policy holders.
Most organizations follow the basic steps to accident prevention. These steps include:
- Having a formal safety policies and procedures structure in place which gives instructions for safe storage and retrieval of items
- Having someone in charge of safety within the organization. The person should be aware of the safety responsibilities, and should convey meetings on a regular basis to prevent accidents in the workplace.
- The safety manager and the team should communicate their safety expectations on a regular basis.
- Inspecting the facilities on a regular basis together with a safety coordinator.
- Having the right safety tools in place without having to improvise.
- Having regular trainings to expose the people to all the possible scenarios.
In the event that a hazard occurs, there are four main means to resolve the hazard. The first step is to assess each hazard and determine whether the hazard is unacceptable, undesirable, or acceptable. For example, in the event of a fire, the safety committee would be interested in determining the hazard and the class to which it belongs. Then step after classifying the hazard would be to eliminate the hazard. For example, in the event of a chemical leakage from the store, the safety committee may revolve to eliminate such hazards by building a chemical store room separate from the main building. However, the building costs may be too high and require a budget for the next year. The third means to resolve the hazard is by controlling it. For example, in the event of a fire caused by electrical fault, the safety committee may find it necessary to reconfigure the electrical wires such that there would be no hanging wires. However, this may require shifting the offices in the building temporarily to allow for wiring to be carried out. Lastly, the safety committee has to accept the hazard. This would involve documentation of the hazard, the means used to control it, and the way forward.
Wood, Richard. Aviation Safety Programs: A Management Handbook . 3rd ed. Englewood,
CO: Jeppesen Sanderson, 2003. Print.