Charles Dickens and Ford Madox Brown
REALISM, EXPLOITATION AND THE RISING MIDDLE CLASS
Charles Dickens’ Hard Times is typical of the author’s social consciousness and biting, satirical style. The novel criticizes the exploitative amorality of 19th-century Industrial Age England, which was transformed, economically and socially, by the rising middle class. The country’s middle class espoused economic equality and opportunity, but in many cases simply parroted the behavior of the nobility, to which most aspired. The realism of other artists, such as the English painter Ford Madox Brown, portrayed the day-to-day realities of life for the working underclasses.
Keywords: Hard Times, Charles Dickens, Industrial Age, middle class, Ford Madox Brown.
REALISM, EXPLOITATION AND THE RISING