Car engineering dates back to over 3,300 years back when chariots were used in Egypt across the desert by kings. The chariots had technical features and high performing especially when used in war and also hunting. The car industry has effectively improved from mechanical handling example through pull by chariots to ones that consume fuel and to those that are operated by electricity.
The modern automotive engineering industry has greatly improved both in performance, safety, quality and fuel consumption. These factors are greatly considered to ensure both efficiency to the safety of the user and the economy through fuel consumption and emissions to the environment. Some of the engineering disciplines that are important to the engineer dealing with automotives such as vehicles are:
Safety to the user
When manufacturing a car the safety of the user is considered in case of any crashing incidences such as accidents. This is considered based on various scenarios of accidents witnessed and the impact it had on the occupants in the vehicle. Some of these safety measures include seat belts and air bags.
Efficiency to the economy and the environment
The efficiency in fuel consumption in kilometers per gallon of fuel used by the car is also considered. That is if it consumes less the more efficient the vehicle. Also the level of emission of hydrocarbons such as carbon dioxide is looked at to ensure that it is low to minimize environmental pollution.
Performance and climate feasibility
Performance is measured and tested according to the ability of the vehicle to perform in different conditions. This is based on the acceleration capacity of the vehicle and how it can come to a stop instantly from a high speed. The vehicle should also be able to perform well under a wider range of climate and give comfort to the user.