A disease is defined as a condition that is abnormal in the body of a living thing. It can be communicable or non-communicable. A communicable disease is that which can be infected from person to person through bodily contact. A non-communicable disease is the opposite. It is both non-transmissible and non-infectious. That is to say, it cannot be infected from person to person through bodily contact. Some good examples of non-communicable diseases (NCD) are Alzheimer’s disease, Osteoporosis, diabetes and cataracts. To add to that, good examples of communicable diseases (CD) are measles, influenza, HIV, chicken pox, nausea and Pinkeye. In this project, we will concentrate on three Communicable Diseases which will be measles, influenza and pinkeye.
Nonetheless, this project will be three diseases, one audience project. The three diseases which will be discussed are stated above. The audience or learners will be who are referred to as the uninformed audience. These are people who know nothing about these specific diseases or any disease for that matter. Another name which we can call them is the ignorant. They may include to be medical students, high school children, the masse that are completely unaware of the diseases, the older generation who never went to school and other people who are interested in learning about these disease yet have never gotten the chance to learn about them. The education level of these individuals will be less and minimal. Their development level will also be minute when medical terms and medical theory and practices are concerned. In addition, the setting will be simple as opposed to the complex which is mostly used in medical fields (Carmelli, 2010). Therefore, this kind of setting will give them the chance to learn about these diseases from scratch. This audience will get the opportunity to learn about these diseases, ask any arising questions and get informed about them. The main reason why this project will concentrate on this kind of audience is because many people are not aware of these disease yet they affect their families, relatives, friend and associates. Though they are common, most Americans are very unaware of them. So it is the duty of the medical fraternity to teach these unlearned and uninformed groups of people about them. The consequences of not learning about these diseases are dire and will lead to a medical emergency in the country. Hence, it is crucial for the mass to know about these particular diseases.
Now, to begin with, measles is also known as rubeola or morbilli and is a respiratory system disease caused by a virus called paramyxovirus. This is a RNA virus which is single stranded and enveloped. A measles patient inhibits symptoms such as red eyes, cough, runny rose and fever. Measles is highly contagious through exchange of bodily fluids like saliva. Even a person with immunity but shares living space with an infected person has a 90 per cent chance of contracting the disease. Period of incubation is usually between nine and twelve days. Though infectivity period has not established definitely, some medical professionals argue that it can vary between two and five days. Measles is immunized a very young age in children. In the United States, it is reported that for every one thousand children who get infected by measles, one or two of them will die (Carmelli, 2010). So as noticed, the disease is very deadly, thus education about is very critical in the country. Although it is very rare in North America, it is still a very crucial issue to eradicate it. Vaccination is used to prevent it; all the same, as discussed, it is a deadly disease.
Next, influenza is another communicable disease that needs revaluation if communicable diseases will be eradicated in this country. It is also known as “the flu”. Like measles, it is also as a result of a RNA virus called Orthomyxoviridae. Symptoms include sore throat, headaches, sore throat, runny rose, chills, fever, general fatigue and coughing. It affects not only mammals, but also birds. This disease causes vomiting and nausea, mostly in children. A typical influenza virus is transmitted in air, in most cases through coughs and sneezes. In addition, contacts that are direct with nasal secretions and bird droppings, as well as contaminated surfaces also cause this disease. Though not as deadly as measles because it has rare cases of deaths, this disease is also endemic. Dr. Camilleri of Mayo Clinic says that all children, adults and pregnant women in the country get infected in the country and consequently have a very high risk of getting complications of the respiratory clinic (2010).
Finally, the third disease that will be discussed is Pinkeye. This is a very uncommon disease and most people have therefore not heard of it. It is also known as conjunctivitis and it affects the eyes. When the mucus lining the eye surface and the eye lid and the conjunctiva becomes red, then these are clear symptoms of pinkeye (Carmelli, 2010). Some argue that this disease is insignificant because it normally disappears after seven or ten days. Pinkeye is caused by viruses which no medical treatment. It is normally caused by sore throat and even herpes. The main reason why his project will include this disease is because most Americans are affected by it are oblivious and thus seek wrong prognosis.
In conclusion, this will be a three disease, one audience project. The presentation will be by Power Point and the professional resource will be as cited in the citation. Each activity will take fifteen minutes.
Dr. Carmelli (2010). Public Health Surveillance Using Emergency Medical Service Logs—U.S.–Mexico Land Border, El Paso, Texas, 2009. JAMA, 304(4), 401-403.