The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is one of the most reputable security agencies in the United States of America. Although there are several other security agencies in the United States of America, the Federal Bureau of Investigation remains one of the most significant as far as the American protection policy is concerned. The Federal Bureau of Investigation however, is a domestic agency which provides intelligence and security service in the United States of America (Findlay 21). Due to its importance and effectiveness, it is mandated with the duty of serving as the United States’ law enforcement agency; it’s a very prime agency in matters relating to security.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation serves several purposes; counterterrorism, criminal investigation, counterintelligence, just to mention but a few. Nonetheless, counterterrorism, counterintelligence and criminal investigation are some of the critical aspects of criminal law, therefore, the Federal Bureau of Investigation is viewed as the prime agency of criminal law in the city of New York. It’s quite strategic and more effective in handling the enforcement needs of the New Yorkers. Over the past century, FBI has provided security services to the residents of New York, however, the agency has revolved and changed names over the years but it still remains the same outfit (Findlay 28).
One of the reasons why FBI is the most relevant agency to the New Yorkers in terms of security needs is that it has an enormous jurisdiction over the violation of close to 200 categories pertaining to federal crimes (Findlay 35). Its basic are of jurisdiction is to provide services to the domestic people; the United States of America alone. FBI maintains almost 56 offices in major cities across the United States and close to 400 resident agencies in relatively smaller cities; all these add up to its ability to provide services to the New Yorkers.
The primary goal of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and a major reason why it was created was to protect and defend the people and the States comprising the United States of America, including the city of New York. It also upholds and enforces both criminal and federal justice in the Nation by providing leadership and criminal law majorly to different units of jurisdictions such as Federals, Municipals, States and other related agencies both at the domestic and international sphere (Findlay 42). Due to these roles, missions and capabilities, the Federal Bureau of Investigation is one of the most suitable agencies to handle the needs of New Yorkers as it majors on protecting and defending the people.
However, the Federal Bureau of Investigation has been faced with several situations that has greatly hindered its work. It is reported that when Hoover died; a long serving Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the congress passed a legislation that sought to limit the future, tenure, and the powers of the oncoming Directors of the FBI; this was in effect for a period of ten years. Due to the legislation, the activities and capabilities of the agency were greatly hindered. Although the agency faced several challenges, it also succeeded in coming up with several security break through. For instance, in the 1930’s still under the leadership of Hoover, FBI was able to apprehend or kill some of the most dreaded hardcore criminals of the time (Findlay 53). These criminals were blamed for the frequent murders, robberies and kidnappings, such criminals included John Dillinger. Furthermore, it checked the influence of the Ku Klux Klan; a criminal grouping.
Findlay, James. Memorandum for the Director: Re: Early History Of Bureau Of Investigation, United States Department of Justice. Historical Documents for Bureaus’ Finding. 2013. Print. Los Angeles, CA: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 10thFebruary 2016.