For effective communication to take place, a person has to use effectively and objectively the appropriate tools in order to convey the desired message. In verbal communication, languages form the basic tool which is essentially required for communication to take place. And defect in the utilized language will create a barrier with a subsequent distortion in the delivered message. Physiological orientation of a person may act as a barrier in the adoption and utilization of the appropriate language in message delivery.
In the article “Treatment Effects on Speech Intelligibility and Length of Utterance in Children with Specific Language and Intelligibility Impairments” by Yoder, Camarata, & Gardner (2005), they have analyzed grammatical impairments and speech intelligibility affects the learning process of a child at his or her tender age. Speech and grammar intelligibility is used to refer to the process of using language words in a constructive form such as singular or plural appropriately to come up with an understandable sentence. Individuals affected by language and speech intelligence impairment exhibit mix up of English words thus affecting the message being conveyed. Such incidences are highly manifested in children below the age of three years.
Scope of the study
To effectively mitigate the effects of speech and grammar intelligence impairments, evaluation of the affected children from those who are not should be thoroughly carried out. Nevertheless, majority of medical practitioners specialized in evaluation of phonetic linguistics adopted by children at such a tender age lacks the necessary exposure to come up with conclusive results. This has led to a significant number of affected children to be unattended with a subsequent growth of the problem. According to specialized practitioners, such impairments can be evaluated by analyzing the mean length of utterance (MLU) expressed by the child.
The study was mainly purposed in determining the overall effects of Broad Target Recasts (BTR) treatment on the mean length of utterance expressed by the affected children. The sample size is obtained from children who are presumed to be affected by this impairment. This group of children was exposed to broad target recast treatment technique. In addition, a control group of children which acted as a reference point was obtained but not subjected to the treatment. By developing the efficacy of treatment on the selected sample, the researcher would develop the degree or significant level at which Speech-language pathologists as analogists critically analyze their clients.
Broad target recasts (BTR) had less significant effects on the treated sample of children. This was based on the mean level of utterance which was exhibited by treated children from the control group or the untreated ones. The mean level of utterance (MLU) was comparable the same despite the treatment process which was subjected to one of the groups. According to research findings, Children who exhibit both language and speech impairments have a significantly higher risks of developing future language deficits. With such impairments, they are likely to have poor academic performance as compared to those with either of the impairments.
Speech and language intelligence impairments form some of the impediments encountered by the affected children in the learning process at a tender age. The effects of such impairments can be effectively mitigated if early evaluations on the child are done. Nevertheless, majority of Speech-language pathologists lacks the capacity to effectively distinguish the affected children from those who are not. As a consequence, the affected children are left to suffer the effects of an impairment which would be treatable if diagnosed at tender age.
Yoder P, Camarata, S, & Elizabeth G. (2005).Treatment effects on speech intelligibility and
length of utterance in children with specific language and intelligibility impairments.
Journal of early intervention. 28(1): 34-49.