In the city dump of even middle-sized city or town it is annually accumulated hundreds of thousands of tons of household waste. Decaying, they poison the air, soil, groundwater, and thus become a serious threat to the environment and humans. That is why the one who saves the day become effective, non-waste, and most importantly clean technology industrial waste processing systems.
Throughout the world, processing and recycling of household waste are becoming increasingly important issue. This mainly concerns densely populated major cities, where the annual accumulated millions of cubic meters of all kinds of garbage. Steaming dump heap of discarded trash, overflowing garbage of cans such pictures are familiar to many urban residents of the biggest cities all over the world. The problem of the destruction of such a huge mass of garbage, no doubt, can be classified as environmental, on the other hand, it is most closely associated with the solution of complex technical and economic issues. (Barnham, 14)
The increased interest in the use of recycled materials in the developed countries is determined, along with economic considerations also stringent environmental legislation in relation to waste production and consumption. The increasing role of international conservation agreements, especially in those areas that coordinate relations waste management. For example, for countries that are EU member states require mandatory plans to create a market of secondary raw materials, and create different implementations of rationing the use of the most common waste, such as paper, glass, plastic packaging.(Hall, 7)
Today the talks on the theme of ecology are very popular, although many of them are very abstract. Ecology itself as a science studies the life of various organisms that are animals, plants and humans in their natural environment and their interaction with each other.
All of us, whether plant, insect, animal, or person in the process of living together affect each other and the environment in general. But if the waste products of most plants is oxygen, and bees produce honey, a man after his stormy life activity leaves a lot of substances which have not yet found the application, therefore, they must be destroyed.
So the problem of dealing with garbage, stretching from the ancient times, is not completely solved to this day. It is true the allegation that the disease is easier to prevent than to cure it. Over the past few years the biggest risk, in our opinion, is the risk of acquiring municipal solid waste. For large cities, this problem has become a real drama. This can be seen with the bare eye to everyone. PET bottles, tin cans, glass containers are the most common types of municipal solid waste.
Every person on the planet has an average of about one ton of waste per year (including about 300 kg of household waste, not counting the millions of used and wrecked cars). If all the trash accumulated over the year does not destroy or recycle, and pour in one pile, then would form a mountain as tall as Mount Elbrus that is the highest mountain in Europe.
First of all it is necessary to highlight the problem connected to municipal waste and municipal solid waste as they are seen by specialists. The data of American environmentalists, whose experience is always placed in the sample, says that New Yorkers toss out a day for a sum of around 24,000 tons of a wide range of materials. This mixture, comprising essentially of different garbage contains profitable metals, glass compartments, suitable for further use, and waste paper, plastic and sustenance waste, vital for preparation. Anyhow alongside them this mixture contains more measure of risky waste: mercury in batteries, phosphorus-carbonates of the fluorescent lights and dangerous chemicals from family solvents, paints and circuits wood.(Young, 23)
Local authorities of all countries around the world are trying to find a better way to help their citizens with their waste. Particularly acute problem in industrialized countries as well as the environment does not let to use the common disposal sites. Big quantities of waste are transported over long separations in a sterile areas, where it is classified to concentrate profitable materials for further preparing and blazed in extraordinary heaters for generation of vitality. The problem of waste is mainly exacerbated because the majority of consumer goods are destined for a very short-term service for the consumer. They are bought, consumed and discarded without due regard to their residual values. Affect the amount of energy and the expense of restoring the earth in such consumption patterns. The average size city of regional importance in the United States of America has a great number of aluminum than the small bauxite mine. The only question is what is the best way to develop it in order to get the biggest number of benefits from the collected materials.(Young, 28)
Recycling provides society with an opportunity to "cheat" the problems of their utilization and, therefore, due to the costs of processing relieve environmental stress. Processing of different metals, used paper, used glass, used plastic and organic waste reduces the need for energy and raw materials. Thus, in the production of aluminum from scrap instead of bauxite the energy costs and air pollution are reduced by 95% . Production of paper from recycled paper rather than wood not just spares significant timberlands from being chopped down, however 75% of lessening vitality utilization for creation of 1 ton of paper requires just a large portion of the volume of water consumed by the use of wood raw material. Costs of energy and materials, the total pollution can be drastically reduced, provided reducing waste by promoting full use of crude materials and handling, by recycling the waste into new products.(Hall, 12)
People are not powerless even with this complex issue. Lessening the number of direct generation waste and reusing the majority of the waste, individuals get to be a piece of the answer for this issue. Anyway without anyone else they (purchasers) cannot produce the desired changes. They need help enterprises, able and willing to make products adapted to the further processing, and the government, able and willing to change the former practice of reusing. Basic answers for waste transfer embraced by both local and national governments to affect the global use of energy, the level of warmth in the climate and the degree of environmental pollution.
Barnham, Kay. Recycle. New York: Crabtree Pub., 2008. Print.
Blashfield, Jean F, and Wallace B Black. Recycling. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1991. Print.
Hall, Eleanor J. Recycling. Farmington Hills, MI: KidHaven Press, 2005. Print.
Young, Mitchell. Garbage And Recycling. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007. Print.