The ethical dilemmas associated with the advocacy campaign are both micro and macro in term of the scope of coverage. The micro level of the ethical issues involves the individual level, while the macro represents the societal level. Therefore, the essay will entail an analysis of the ethical dilemmas in the first section, paying adequate attention to the same based on the wide information base.
Firstly, the ethical dilemma arises in determining when to embark in the execution of the advocacy campaign. In particular, it is necessary that the campaign takes place at a time when all the necessary parties are available (Lupton, 2015). Therefore, one has to determine the appropriate time when all individuals in the target groups are available. The information that is passed in the campaign should reach all the people. Hence the absence of either of them will lead to an incomplete execution of the campaign plan.
Additionally, a dilemma arises in regards to the most suitable tools to use for the campaign. Most tools are necessary for the execution of the advocacy campaign plans. There are various information sources required for carrying out the roles of the campaign (Lupton, 2015). Therefore, one has to make a choice about the most appropriate tools for application in the campaign. In the process, one has to make a choice of some of the tools and avoid the others.
Moreover, a dilemma arises when one is allocating time for both groups that are the target audience of the campaign. Sometimes the people conducting the campaign find it necessary to separate the employers, who are the managers in the current context from the workers (Lupton, 2015). The issues discussed with the workers are different from what the managers are taught. Therefore, there arises a need to conduct the campaign in different places, or different schedules at the same venue.
Additionally, there arises a dilemma in the allocation of time for the various businesses. The campaign intends to cover almost the entire business fraternity in the country. Therefore, the widely spread businesses need enough time for each of them to gain the appropriate information passed through the advocacy campaign (Lupton, 2015). As a result, there is a need to allocate enough time for each of them.
There is also a dilemma in regards to choosing the organizations to involve in the campaign. The community development campaign will bring together various organizations interested in community service (Lupton, 2015). In that connection, not all of them are good at implementing the requirements of the campaign, or one may want to choose the ones to work with. Making such choices will place one into a dilemma because they have to compare most of them, based on their financial capability as well as the plans they put in place for the execution of the campaign.
Solutions to the Ethical Dilemmas
One can deal with the ethical dilemmas that arise before or during the progress of the advocacy campaign in various ways. Therefore, one has to explore the following solutions, to make it easy for them to go about the process of conducting the advocacy campaign. To begin with, the allocation of time should take different steps.
Firstly, there is time for the managers, and there is time for visiting the various parts of the country to serve the businesses spread all over the nation. In regards to the managers and the attendants, they can be offered different days. There should be an advocacy campaign for the managers for a certain day in a week, and the attendants are allocated a specific day different from the managers.
Concerning the various locations, one particular location should be selected for a given area, at selected days, for a given number of days, for example, the campaign may go for one month. As a result, the campaign it is possible to conduct the campaign every day, but in different places in the country, to maximize the use of the short period allocated for its operations.
With regards to the selection of tools for the campaign, one should be able to arrange the information containing materials according to the necessity of the information they contain. Some of the materials, for example, the textbooks may contain general information, that can be explicable through further explanations and can make the work easier (Lupton, 2015). The selection process for the materials should take priority to all other activities, to ensure that one is prepared enough before the advocacy campaign begins.
Ethical and Lobbying Laws
The ethical and lobbying regulations applicable to the advocacy campaign include the Ethics Act. The Act is responsible for setting the appropriate and efficient standards about the execution of the services in the prevention of the use or minimization of the use of alcohol and other drugs among the young generation (Fernandez & Mujica, 2014).
There is a mandatory ethics education based on the requirements outlined in the Act, and it is the responsibility of the counselor to set plans for the execution of the education measures to enlighten people on the dangers of the abuse of drugs. Therefore, since the target groups are part of the population, it is necessary to arrange for their enlightenment program.
Additionally, the campaign is subject to the prohibitions under the lobbying laws. The lobbyist together with their clients must report to the Secretary of State’s Office, with a detailed report of their expenditure where they also receive a prohibition notice, shunning their participation in some activities as may be decided by the office (LaPira & Thomas III, 2014). Therefore, it is evident that the office has a role to play in the implementation of the advocacy campaign program.
Moreover, the advocacy campaign is subject to the HIPAA rules that protect the information of the patient from getting to the inappropriate hands (Fernandez & Mujica, 2014). With a variety of rights of the patient guaranteed by the HIPAA regulations, the advocacy campaign must observe such rights in its progress, because the people involved as the target group require adequate privacy, to prevent the spread of their information all over the place (Fernandez & Mujica, 2014).
Additionally, the advocacy campaign must be liable to the human research protection regulations because the campaign entails dealing with human beings (Fernandez & Mujica, 2014). There must exist an assurance of compliance approved based on the regulations, because the campaign will involve most of the issues relating to the gathering of information that will later be useful in analyzing various aspects of the target group, and that will appear like a form of research involving human beings as the subject.
Moreover, the advocacy campaign is liable to the regulatory agenda regularly published by the federal department. The semiannual regulatory agenda lists all the regulations about the HHS based on the development review (Beskow, 2016). Therefore, the advocacy campaign must ensure that it operates with the consent of the regulatory agenda.This is because it is a combination of regulations that monitor the various activities that are in operation in most parts of the country.
Additionally, the advocacy campaign is subject to the health regulations, because it entails the prohibition of the abuse of alcohol by its target group. As a result, the advocacy campaign must be keen in observing the regulations affiliate to the health sector because there is a specific code of ethics that governs the progress of any program for community health development. The advocacy campaign is more of a sensitization program, and it affects the entire community in various ways (Beskow, 2016). Therefore, it must be in line with most of the regulations put forward but the stakeholders in the health industry.
Finally, the campaign is subject to the American Nurses Association code of ethics as stipulated in provisions 7, 8, and 9 of the act. There are professional standards that nurses should meet in the execution of their roles, and the same applies to the advocacy campaign (Dahlin, Coyne, & Ferrell, 2016). For example, as stated in provision 9, the nurse must maintain the integrity of the profession by integrating the principles of social justice at all platforms in the nursing as well as the general health policies.
Therefore, the advocacy campaign is an initiative that puts together various key players in the health sector, with most of them making their views public through the campaign.Additionally, they insist on the strictness of the regulations pertaining to the control of alcohol intake among the attendants of an alcohol service provider as well as the managers of such ventures. As a result, it is imperative to adhere to these regulations keenly, for a better experience in the passage of information from the researchers to the target groups.
Ethical Challenges Unique to the Population
In most instances, there exist challenges faced by both the management as well as the attendants of the alcohol vending businesses. Most of the challenges interfere with their moral well-being. Therefore, the next section will entail an analysis of the various ethical challenges faced by these groups of people, who are the targets of the advocacy campaign.
Additionally, the young adults can work in restaurants to earn a living. If the young adults take alcohol, it will be an ethical problem for them because it is a common thing that they should not indulge in the usage of alcohol and if they do so, there should be someone controlling the intake (Warpenius, Holmila, & Raitasalo, 2016).
Secondly, when the young people are subjected to the drug, they lose self-control, and they start engaging in various other activities like prostitution. The same is not a moral act in most parts of the world (Warpenius, Holmila, & Raitasalo, 2016).
Therefore, it becomes an ethical problem because the person will be out of their cultural norms. In particular, it is evident that most restaurant attendants are young people and they tend to be excited in the encounter of the various situations, for example getting intoxicated.
Thirdly, the target population is subject to spiritual norms and practices. There are certain religions that preach against the use of alcohol among their clients. Therefore, working in a restaurant or a bar will make them immoral (Warpenius, Holmila, & Raitasalo, 2016). As a result, it becomes challenging for those guys who work as attendants in such places, because it will be a bit hard to convince the fellow believers that they do not take certain amounts of alcohol a day.
In the real sense, it might be difficult for an attendant to avoid the alcohol completely because there are friends who will always try to seduce them to join their group while they take alcohol. Briefly, there is a high possibility for one to be a victim of alcohol abuse as they work as restaurant attendants (Warpenius, Holmila, & Raitasalo, 2016).
On the other hand, the managers of the businesses that deal in alcohol vending face various ethical challenges. Some of the common challenges include the choice of a worker. It is sometimes easy to manage a business whose workers are the young generation (Warpenius, Holmila, & Raitasalo, 2016). Therefore, most business managers about the businesses under study tend to employ the young people.
In addition, it is sometimes immoral to offer a job to a minor on such platforms, and going ahead to allow them to manage their affairs (Warpenius, Holmila, & Raitasalo, 2016). The employer will simply have committed an immoral act because they contribute to the act of the young generation indulging in immoral acts. Therefore, the ethical challenge is the blame they face in cases where such issues happen.
Moreover, the managers are subject to various regulations. The different regulatory organizations will tend to harass such managers especially if they find them diverting from the precepts of the business laws. Therefore, the managers will tend to contemplate letting off the responsibilities. The ethical challenge in that instance is trying to avoid regulations so that one can run the business independently and without the regulatory guidance.
In summary, the advocacy campaign has some ethical dilemmas associated with it. As identified in the analysis, one has to make a choice between various options in most aspects of the campaign. The options spread within the scope of the campaign, ranging from the appropriate time, the location, as well as the duration that the campaign should take.
Therefore, the various issues of concern about the advocacy campaign regarding the type of group or their class in the target population, as well as the choice of resources applicable to the campaign program.
As mentioned in the section of the ethical dilemmas, choosing the appropriate materials for application in the campaign is an issue of concern because one has to make a choice between the materials before embarking on a practical form of the exercise (Fernandez & Mujica, 2014).
However, there are the proposed solutions for the dilemmas as stated in the solutions section. The solutions are applicable in handling most of the dilemmas arising in the wake of the advocacy campaign, and they are appropriate for use in any part of the campaign in which the dilemmas arise.
The research entails an identification if the various ethical and lobbying laws that affect the advocacy campaign (Fernandez & Mujica, 2014). Some of the regulations identified in the essay include the Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act (HIPAA) rules, which define the responsibilities of various research programs as well as medical service execution in protecting the client information from reaching to the unintended audiences (Fernandez & Mujica, 2014).
Additionally, the advocacy campaign appeared to be subject to the Ethics Act that defines the acceptable standards for the prevention of the abuse of alcohol among the target groups for the research. In that connection, there are the lobbying laws that require the lobbyist to report to various regulatory bodies such as the Office of the Secretary of State (LaPira & Thomas III, 2014). The regulations stipulate that the lobbyist must provide a detailed report of their expenditures.
Moreover, the campaign is subject to the regulations that govern the human subject research. Such regulations are there to ensure that the advocacy campaign adheres to the set standards based on such regulations, concerning to the provision of the information for research either by the advocacy campaign fraternity or other research organizations, as well as the ANA Ethics Act (Dahlin, Coyne, & Ferrell, 2016).
The advocacy campaign as stated in the paper is subject to other regulations such as regulatory agenda and the Health and Human Services (HHS) rules (Beskow, 2016). Such regulations will guarantee the involvement of the federal government in the community development campaign.
The advocacy campaign is a community development issue because it caters for the state of the community regarding the minimization of the usage of alcohol by the attendants and managers as well as the indulgence on other immoral issues.
The advocacy campaign also featured to be subject to most health regulations. It entails dealing with a community issue, and the community health regulations must operate, in terms of offering the information about the associated health hazards (Beskow, 2016). As a result, the campaign must recognize the requirements of the regulations before it takes the practical form.
Therefore, based on the research for the advocacy campaign, the regulations that apply to the campaign are the ones summarized above. The next section of the summary will entail an analysis of the challenges that affect the target groups, who are also the key players in the business under investigation.
Additionally, it is evident that the society and especially the people who work as attendants of licensed alcohol service providers and the management of such businesses are prone to various challenges. As mentioned in the above sections of the essay, challenges identified are ethical, and they tend to create a negative perspective among the target groups.
Based on the research the challenges identified include the exposure of the young generation to alcohol at an early age. The same challenge appeared ethical because it is evident that in most places such groups faced restrictions of practicing their freedom in such acts.
There is an identification of the young age as a level of excitement, and people can easily lose control when they get intoxicated (Warpenius, Holmila, & Raitasalo, 2016). As a result, based on the research, there exist associated challenges identified that lead the immoral conduct among the young people.
Secondly, it is also evident that the attendants can be tempted to take alcohol, and some of them are believers of certain faiths and religions. Some of the religious doctrines prohibit intake of alcohol. Therefore, it would be an ethical challenge to engage in such practices. As a result, the various people will have less motivation in going about their duties or even carrying out their spiritual tasks completely and freely.
Moreover, there are various challenges that face the managers of such businesses and cause most of them to appear as immoral members of the society. As already mentioned, most of the managers will face problems associated with the employment of the young people in such business that might mislead them (Warpenius, Holmila, & Raitasalo, 2016). As a result, it becomes challenging them to fit in the society, because they might appear guilty of what they do.
In addition, among the problems identified was the disturbance they get from the various regulatory bodies affiliate to the sector. There tends to be the need for freedom of expression in business. Most alcohol business-managers always misunderstand such a requirement, because they want to operate without regulations.
Finally, in normal life situations, it is not possible for an organization to operate without regulations. The lack of the required regulations will cause a lot of disruption in the industry because people will follow their preferences while disregarding the needs of other members of the business community.
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Dahlin, C., Coyne, P. J., & Ferrell, B. R. (2016). Advanced Practice Palliative Nursing. Oxford University Press.
Fernandez, E. B., & Mujica, S. (2014). Two patterns for HIPAA regulations. In Procs. of AsianPLoP (Pattern Languages of Programs) 2014.
LaPira, T. M., & Thomas III, H. F. (2014). Revolving door lobbyists and interest representation. Interest Groups & Advocacy, 3(1), 4-29.
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Warpenius, K., Holmila, M., & Raitasalo, K. (2016). Compliance with the legal age limits for alcohol, tobacco and gambling–A comparative study on test purchasing in retail outlets. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 23(5), 435-441.