Scientific evolution started several centuries before. Prior to the discoveries that were made by the likes of Aristotle and the rest the details about various aspects of the universe were very scanty. The chart below will dig to the details of scientific evolution by taking into consideration the various scientists who made tremendous contribution into shaping up the universe through their discoveries.
It is worth noting that before the scientific discoveries people held diverse beliefs on the existence of the universe. It is worth noting that the theories on various existence of the universe were rather hypothetical. Several myths characterized the existence of the earth and the myths were dependent on culture and background of the clique of people behind the myth. For instance, some people believe that the sun was some form of gods (Dyer 125). The scientific evolution has therefore offered good platform for the objective analysis of the various aspects of the universe. The likes of Isaac Newton, Tycho Branon, and Galileo Galilee among others are critical to shaping up the understanding of the universe which makes life easy.
In the beginning, the church was very apprehensive of the discoveries of the scientist. And this was due to fact that they believed that such discoveries contravened the Christian teachings. The church prosecuted several scientists whom the church thought were going against the teachings of the gospel. Galileo through his observations supported heliocentric theory of Copernicus. He observed that just like moon, Venus at times appears crescent. As a result of his discoveries the Italian suffered dire consequences from the Roman Church. He was placed under house arrest as a result of the recommendation of the church tribunal. Tycho, who made accurate measurement of the earth as well as other planet, and the stars (Bixby 200). The assumption he made is that all the planets with the exception of the earth revolved around the sun. The other assumption is that the sun orbited around the earth. He was also prosecuted by the Roman Catholic Church on the same grounds that his discoveries contravened the teachings of the Catholic faith.
However later on the church gradually bean to embrace science and they became less apprehensive and hostile to scientists (Ranan 124). This was based on the fact that scientist discoveries began to down on the people. This was a result of the fact the discoveries were verifiable by proof. 1992 was a great year and will remain a significant calendar year in history. In that year the Roman Catholic Church pardoned Gallileo and gave concession that his heliocentric theory was correct. This happened as a record 350 years after the death of Galileo.
Bixby, William, The Universe of Galileo and Newton. American Heritage: New York, 2004.
Dyer, John. A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler. Dover: Cambridge, MA, 2003. Print.
Ranan, Colin, Galileo. Putnan: New York, 2004. Print