In this paperwork, I am going to explain why Israeli society is highly diverse ethnically and nationally. I will, also, explain how this diversity gets reinforced by Israeli’s multiple school systems and its form of government.
It is vital to note that during the years of consolidation, Jewish immigrants from all parts of the world were welcome in Israeli. Jewish immigrants came from different states, therefore, bringing diverse culture into this nation- Israel. These immigrants were settled in residential houses that were initially houses for the Arabs- the Arab residents, especially the Palestinian, had been debarred during the warfare. After all the houses that abandoned by the Arabs were fully occupied by the Jewish immigrants, the government did it best by erecting temporarily camps to provide shelter for the Jewish immigrants- it is estimated that more than one hundred thousand Jewish immigrants were living in these temporarily camps before the government brought up new houses by the end of 1949 (Bregman 71).
The Israeli’s government played a vital role in ensuring that all Jewish immigrants were all gathered in the country. The government thought that the presence of Jewish communities in foreign lands, especially in Arab lands, were in severe problems and the appropriate action needed to be taken, so as to rescue them, Jewish immigrants, from those oppression- the government believed that the Jewish immigrants could, only, be safe in the Israeli land and this led to the occurrence of the massive immigrant, especially the Jewish immigrants into Israel (Bickerton 155). During this era, the years of consolation, the majority of the roads, used by the Jewish communities, were all focused in Israel, thereby, bringing dissimilar cultures into the nation. Ashkenazim is the term used to refer to Jewish immigrants who came from Europe as well as America, while those Jewish immigrants who came from Asia as well as Africa were given this title: Sephardim. It is, now, clear that this era, years of consolidation, led to the occurrence of diverse ethnicity as well as nationality in Israeli (73).
Literature review has it that the after math of world war two with its catastrophe of Holocaust led to the establishment of Israel nation as a mother country for the Jewish inhabitants. The settled Jewish immigrants used different languages, since they came from different cultural backgrounds.
The government of Israel started experiencing problems as a result of these massive waves of immigrants, but, in 1950, the unthinkable happened, whereby, the Law of Return was implemented by the government (Bregman 75). The Law of Return led to an increase of Jewish communities in Israel; since the law did not prohibit Jewish communities to migrate to Israel- all the Jewish communities were welcomed in Israel. The law made it possible for Jewish immigrants to come to Israel and later apply for citizenship. It is vital to note that the Law of Return was firmly meant for the Jewish communities- the non Jews were not welcomed in Israel.
The increase in the number of population, due to the presence of Jewish communities, led the country, Israeli, into economic crisis. The government made radical policies, so as to help the economy from collapsing; for example, the importations of goods were banned, food limitations, as well as seeking for compensation from the Germany’s government. On the other side, the freedom of movement was restricted; for example, the Arabs were expected to apply for a military permit in order to move from one village to another- the process of issuing the permit is depicted as time consuming as well as humiliating. The government claimed that the process of applying a travel permits was beneficial to the country in terms of security affair since the Arabs were feared of spreading propaganda (Howard 385). It is vital to note the presence of Bedouin who are depicted as Muslim- the Bedouin believe that they are the original Arabs (Rosenthal 279). Women in this group, Bedouin, are not treated in the same way with men- most of the privileges are strictly meant for the male gender. The girls in this tribe, Bedouin, cannot make their independent choices- their choices are directly influenced by their fathers; for example, it is the role of the fathers to arrange their daughters’ marriages. The Bedouin tribe prefers alienating itself from the other tribes; for example, a Bedouin would prefer marrying a member of the family with the intention of keeping the tribe pure rather than marrying an outsider, but literature review has it that both the Jewish as well as the Bedouin people celebrate Muslim and Jewish holidays together. In order to establish a healthy relationship with the other Israel tribes, special programs have been implemented that are mainly focused on enlightening the Bedouin community on the genetic dangers of wedding members of the family (Rosenthal 285).
In order to reinforce this diversity, there exist rules that must be followed by all Jews; for example, when it comes to divorce cases, the parties involved must go through the Rabbinical Court (Rosenthal 341). It is vital to note that people from different cultural backgrounds have their own beliefs on what is right and wrong. These beliefs may end up contradicting each other; therefore, the government plays a significant role in setting up customary laws that must be followed by all- strict punishments are applied to any person found on the side of the law, such as the cancelation of one’s driving license, or credit cards (Rosenthal 343). The Israel’s multiple school systems have implemented numerous tools that aids in reinforcing this diversity; for example, the utilization of theater groups. The theater groups are mainly focused on exposing insightful topic, such as aggression between tribes, education scheme, tribulations that infects the residents of Rahat, polygamy, and so on (Rosenthal 287). The objectives of these enlightenment efforts are destined to construct as well as uphold a peaceful society for all the tribes living in Israel- everyone matters regardless of his or her gender and should be treated equally, but in order to achieve this goal, some traditions must be abandoned such as gender disparity.
Bickerton & Klausner, A Concise History of the Arab- Israeli Conflict, Chap.6, pp.150- 159.
Sachar, Howard Morley, and Laacov Oved. A History of Israel. New York: Knopf, 1976.Print.
Rosenthal, Donna. The Israelis: Ordinary People in an Extraordinary Land. New York: Free,
Years of consolidation,`` from Ahron Bregman, History of Israel, pp.70-94.