Diabetes is one of the diseases that are affecting many people in the current world. It is a situation whereby the body sugar is too low or too much such that the sugar is not enough to the cells or it is too high such that it is dangerous to the body. When food is digested, it needs to be absorbed by the cells so that it can be used by the body. Glucose that has been digested in the body combines with insulin so that the cells can absorb it. The insulin is manufactured by the pancreas. Sometimes, the pancreas fail to produce insulin or the insulin produced is not enough. Another case can happen whereby the body cells are not responsive to the insulin produced by the pancreas (Rosenthal, 2009). When these conditions occur, the sugar level in the blood is not regulated and it can be more or less than the required. This situation is what is called diabetes.
Diabetes is caused by various factors. However, one of the important factors is the family background. A person who comes from a family with a history of diabetes is likely to get the disease as compared to the individual who has no family history of the disease. The genes that make an individual prone to diabetes are usually inherited from the parents. However, the environment one lives in plays a role in determining whether one will suffer from the disease or not. For example, a lot of cold can trigger the disease (Grunnet, 1957). The other environmental factor is eating food early in the morning. I come from a family with a history of diabetes. This research paper will therefore analyze how I plan to minimize the chances of contracting the disease.
Nutritional and physical exercise goals.
One of my objectives is to maintain the metabolic activities close to the normal rates by exercise and proper diet. This will involve achieving normal of close to normal sugar level in the body. The objective will also involve achieving a level of lipids in the body that do not result to heart diseases (Rosenthal,, 2009). In addition, I aim at achieving blood pressure that is normal or close to normal.
The second goal is to avoid complications that result from the diabetes disease. This usually occurs when the disease reaches chronic levels (O'Malley, 1919). His will involve diet intake and exercise that will reduce chances of high blood pressure and heart diseases. In this case, the lifestyle adopted will be very important in achieving this objective.
The third objective I aim at is achieving healthy conditions through dietary and exercise choices. Diet in particular affects the health of an individual. Therefore this objective can be achieved at by choosing the appropriate diet for my health condition.
The other goal is to meet my personal nutritional requirements while observing my preferred culture. In addition, I will aim at achieving my nutritional requirements taking into consideration my lifestyle and current situation at the time.
Actions to achieve the goals.
In maintaining close to normal metabolic rates, I will be very careful on the food that I take daily. I will avoid high intake of foods that contain a lot of fats. This is important in ensuring that the chances of becoming obese are minimal. This will ensure that heart diseases are completely avoided. I will dedicate at least 30 minutes a day for the purpose of exercise. This will include jogging, press ups and sit ups. This will play a role in reducing fats in my body.
In order to avoid complications that result from diabetes, I will ensure that I visit a doctor regularly so that any complication is noted early and diagnosed. The exercise and proper diet that I aim at will ensure that the complications are avoided. I will adopt a lifestyle that will ensure that the complications are avoided. Smoking and alcoholism usually facilitates the complication that result from diabetes. Therefore, I will avoid these habits to avoid the complications (O'Malley, 1919). As I age, I will aim more on ensuring that the diet that I consume is fit for my condition. This is because of the fact that exercise will be difficult to carry out every day as I become older.
Outcomes used to measure success.
Success of the objectives can be measured in many ways. If one finds out that he/she is used to carrying out the tasks that are already set, then it can be said that the goals are being achieved. In this case, if an individual finds out that he/she enjoys exercising and taking the diet that is prescribed, then this can be said to be a success in the fight against diabetes.
The other measure is by medical examination. This can be though examining whether the metabolic activities are normal. This include finding out whether blood pressure is normal and the sugar level is normal or close to normal (O'Malley, 1919). If these metabolic activities are operating normally, then it can be said that the goals set have been achieved.
The medical examinations are important in that they determine whether the complications that result from diabetes are present. The absence of thee complications imply that the goals set in this case have been achieved.
Evidence of the plan.
Generally, there are two important factors that can be used to avoid or regulate the effects of diabetes. Exercise ensures that the excess sugars in the body are eliminated. Proper diet ensures that the sugars needed by the body cells are supplied to the body. Proper diet helps to avoid other diseases such as high blood pressure and heart diseases that can easily be complicated by diabetes (Grunnet, 1957). Therefore, it can be concluded that diet and exercise are important aspects to monitor as far as diabetes is concerned.
Risks if the plan is not implemented.
There are many effects that may result if proper control of diabetes is not taken. First, heart diseases will be common. Therefore it is necessary to eat diet with low cholesterol to reduce chances of contracting heart diseases. High blood pressure is another complication that may result from diabetes (Rosenthal,, 2009). This is mainly because diabetes tends to make arteries weak leading to blood pressure. Dental diseases that may result to lose of teeth can be caused by diabetes. This is because diabetes weakens the immunity of the body.
In conclusion, it can be concluded that both hereditary and environmental factors can lead to diabetes. In most cases, the disease can be managed through exercise and proper diet. There are various risks that are associated by the disease the most dangerous being death. It is important to note that the advice of a doctor is important in the management of the disease.
Rosenthal, M. S. (2009). The Canadian type 2 diabetes sourcebook. Mississauga, Ont: J. Wiley & Sons Canada.
O'Malley, A. (1919). The ethics of medical homicide and mutilation. New York: The Devin-Adair company.
Grunnet, J. (1957). Heredity in diabetes mellitus: A proband study. Copenhagen: E. Munksgaard.