Human trafficking is the illegal trading of humans around the world for the sake of exploitation such as prostitution or forced labor. It is one of the most illegal works in the world, which is known to be as the modern form of slavery. The trafficking of humans in the modern world was once witnessed by the history in Mesopotamia and Mediterranean civilizations (Aronowitz, 2009). Generally, those who live in slums or impoverished areas of third world countries are kidnapped or trapped to be smuggled to other countries for the sake of using them for exploitative purposes. Most of those smuggled are women, young girls, and children.
Human trafficking is the direct violation of the United Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations that grants the freedom to live, speak, and think to every single human being in the world. Thus, human trafficking impedes with the freedom of individuals by not letting them live their lives according to their own choice. Most of them are prone to violence, crime, rape, and poor lifestyle.
The major causes of human trafficking include poverty, illiteracy, economic exploitation of the labor force, and prostitution. Human smugglers involve in this trade for the sake of earning big bucks to lead a luxurious lifestyle. The direct consequences of human trafficking include an increasing rate of HIV AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. Moreover, the overall living conditions of the smuggled humans are mostly deplorable.
The grave consequences of the situation have forced the major world countries to raise the public awareness against the crime. The efforts are based on transnational cooperation on governmental and non-governmental level. Organizations and agencies such as United Nations International Children’s Fund, A Better Life, Awareness Against Human Trafficking, Child Protection Agency, Child Safe, End Child Prostitution, and World Association for Orphans (O'Brien, 2015).
Aronowitz, A. (2009). Human trafficking, human misery. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
O'Brien, E. (2015). Human Trafficking Heroes and Villains: Representing the Problem in Anti-Trafficking Awareness Campaigns. Social & Legal Studies. doi:10.1177/0964663915593410