Technology has been the key driver of globalization in the world for many years. Since 1990, there has been increased use of computer software, hardware, and telecommunication tools. These technological advancements have increased the ability of people to access and share information. Moreover, the advancement of internet-based tools in the last eight years has created social networking sites such as twitter, facebook among others, that have changed the manner in which people share and use information for personal, political, and commercial purposes (Mansbach and Rhodes 20-30).
This means that people are no longer using traditional methods to express their social and political views such as street demonstrations. Instead, they are using social networking platforms to lobby, campaign, criticize, or support decisions. However, as the people continue to embrace technology globally, the cases of high-tech cyber crimes have increased. Such cases include computer intrusions, espionage, cyber-based terrorism, major cyber frauds among other crimes. The increased cases of cyber crime have become a major challenge to governments, security agencies, businesspersons, as well as individuals. Furthermore, the training for hackers is worsening the situations posing more threats to both government and individuals’ private information. Terrorist groups are using information technology to cause fear and disruption in the society. Despite increased acceptance of IT globally, some groups have resisted the wave especially in the Arab world. The Arab nations have been shaken by the power of social media as their citizens use facebook and twitter to rebel against the government. The recent governments toppling experienced in many Arab countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, and Syria, just show the impact of social media to mobilize and unite people for a common course.
Mansbach, Richard and Rhodes, Edward. Introduction Globalization: Analysis and Readings. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2012.