Stalingrad is a city in which the Soviet Union fought Nazi Germany who wanted to get its control during the World War 2. The city is now called Volgograd. The war started in August 1942 and ended on February1943. It was one of the major wars which took place during the World War 2. The war saw Germany retreat from west. This war is important in many aspects as this paper will explore.
The Nazi German loss
The Germans, sixth army had support of Hungary, Finland and Romania. On the other side, the Soviet Union was backed by western countries which were anti-Germans. The German intention to capture the city meant a lot to their war success as they would have weakened the Soviet Union and they would control it with ease. As this was not possible this forms a strong argument about the importance of the war. Germans were well prepared and massive in numbers. Though they never beat Soviet Union, they were convinced that they could easily capture the city. Early into the war, Germans were successful and they progressed with aim of capturing necessary oil fields. One importance of the war is that underestimation of the soviet reserves was a great mistake for the Germans. As German would lose the battle despite large destruction of the city, the war was a turning point for the world war 2 and Hitler battalions.
In January 1943, it was clear that the sixth army was surrounded and captured. The Nazi took the blame for the failure. After this incidence many solders committed suicide as they believed they would rather die in battle than surrender. Out of 110,000 captured Germans, only about 5,000 made it back. Most died during death marches, wounds diseases and ill treatment. The healthy were utilized in rebuilding the city. This fact is important as it weakened German and allies thus minimizing chances of return to war.
The war results served as a morale booster for Soviet Union and allies. It brought the much needed hope that Hitler would be defeated at some point. As the war ended, Hitler himself took the blame for the loss. That was good for the Soviet Union as they saw a chance of weakness and an opportunity to capitalize on. The war brought destruction of the sixth army. The allies of German were also crushed. They included Italy and Hungary. However, Finland, a Germany ally remained intact. This victory generally gave the world war a turning point as the Germans started to retreat.
The victory of Soviet Union highlighted the importance of resistance. The city would later be labeled, hero city. A major importance was the war would change the war between the Germans and the soviet bunion. Zhukov an army general who lead red army took Berlin in 1945. The Germans surrendered. This success was linked to the confidence that was gained during the deadly resistance against the Germans during the Stalingrad war.
Other important lessons of the war were in improvisation. For example, the red army snipers used tank guns to fight the air attacks. This would later lead to great interventions in resistance and overcoming air strikes. Another instance is the tractor factory, the factory was utilized to make tanks which were unfinished and went to war driven by volunteering factory workers. This was a demonstration of the sacrifice that the residents of Stalingrad made to save their city from German invasion.
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