Appreciative inquiry helps people in changing and studying social systems advocating for the best inquiry method. This follows several designs desired for a compelling future without any coercion, incentives or persuasion for a planned change required. Appreciative Inquiry (AI) is a positive approach towards solving issues, which assists in looking at the strategies that are working to develop them further. On the other hand, problem solving focuses on fixing strategies that are not working. Building on the positive things in Appreciative Inquiry creates personal strengths which result to increased performance. AI values and recognizes the attributes and contributions of people and things surrounding them. It also explores a better understanding of being open to new potentials. Appreciative Inquiry needs defining of the problem before analyzing it positively to move in a positive direction in solving it. Furthermore, one has to discover the positive aspects, dream on how to approach them, and design the means to deliver the solution (Northouse 334).
Some of the AI’s approach positive benefits includes inducing trust, enabling people see the whole purpose and system greater than their own department and tapping people's natural supplies of goodness hence creating a sense of belonging. It also establishes credibility in outcomes where people are more willing to take part in activities. Appreciative Inquiry creates a powerful personal transformation especially when working in a diverse environment. This is because it Accelerates change focusing on what one wants to create than trying to eliminate what he or she does not want. It fosters inclusion of stakeholders on personal commitment and accountability since a positive atmosphere for change promotes open dialogue, creativity, and new solutions. Furthermore, it encourages relationship building and creates new opportunities while improving communication and people’s morale (Thatchenkery and Dilpreet 196).
Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) research project use multi-method program in cross-cultural research in examining interrelationship between organizational culture, societal culture and organizational leadership. It emphasizes on the outstanding valued leadership attributes that facilitate leadership as well as those viewed as obstacles that hinder it.
Toughness in leadership is an attributed negative with a positive outcome because one can push people beyond limits abilities. Being nice helps one in understanding problems, needs and concerns of your subordinates as a leader. GLOBE focuses on enabling, influencing and motivating its members to contribute towards success and effectiveness of organizations. GLOBE research takes place in thorough fundamental phases. The Phase 1 involves developing research instruments, then assesses cultural dimensions of both societal and organizational cultures and explores how they affect leadership societal cultures. Lastly, it studies the effectiveness of leader behaviors on their subordinates’ performance and attitudes (Thatchenkery and Dilpreet 376) .
Bad leaders exist in this world although some tend to be worse than others are. The international media or human rights organizations have often criticized them. Muammar al-Qaddafi a Libyan ruler since 1969 led a military coup and maintained power with an iron fist. This led to life sentences for dissent and sedition as well as accused of torture, among other human rights abuses. In opposition, he was condemned internationally as an autocrat and dictator whose authoritarian administration violated Libyan human rights of and propped up international terrorism. He was notably provoking in his approach to foreign powers, shunned western diplomats and ambassadors because he considered them as spies. He once quoted HIV as "a peaceful virus" assuring those who attended the African Union that there was nothing to fear from AIDS as long as one is straight. He misguided Africans by terming the H1N1 influenza virus as a biological weapon manufactured by foreign military while mosquito and tsetse fly were "God's armies that would protect them against colonialists". The enemies would get sleeping sickness and malaria if they visited Africa. His bad leadership is evident through his preoccupation with his own security, residing in bulletproof tents and grounding Libyan planes when he was flying. This shows that he feared for his security. His made his Amazonian female guards swear to celibacy although Gaddafi and his senior officials raped them (Northouse 323).
An important quality of a good leader includes being a role model. This entails leading by example where one sets the pace for others to follow. Effective leaders always start with the requirements of the situation. He has to identify what he can uniquely contribute to the organization to make a difference. Gaddafi portrays the following non-leadership qualities like a loner and antisocial since he does not interact freely with people. He is also a dictator, ruthless and egocentric since he only thinks of his own welfare (Northouse 317).
Leadership is not a speech, a monologue or a lecture. It is not sequestered, does not operate in a vacuum. Leadership is not about the leader but people who are very inclusive, highly engaged, highly empathetic and deeply caring. Leaders do not fear from being proved wrong, but they are afraid of failing to realize that they are wrong. They embrace dissenting opinions and seek them at every opportunity. Real leaders are at ease when learning and not learning. They never pass up an opportunity, dialog, discuss, debate or converse. Winston Churchill led Great Britain against the Nazi during the Second World War. He worked closely with his allies and as a result, led to the downfall and defeat of Hitler. During his tenure, there was fear of destruction brought by Hitler and his allies. He was famous because of his unyielding perseverance, fearlessness, undying devotion and determination to his goal. He was a Trustworthy, Encouraging, Confidence builder, Intelligent, Excellence oriented and a Team builder among the 22 leadership attributes (Baldoni 221). According to Mahatma Gandhi, leaders should portray themselves as the change they want to see in the world. They should lead by example and be master servant. One should motivate and influence others to get involved in accomplishment of a certain task.
Focusing on visions and moving forward change the world for family, my workplace or myself I will reflect the ability to inspire through value based leadership or charismatic. This will enhance high performance from my subordinates. This will motivate those I am working with giving a higher performance. Team building and good decision-making are because of team-oriented leadership skills. Leaders need to participate in working with others. Involving others in making and implementing decisions is important, hence I opts for a participative leadership (Baldoni 208). In all circumstances, I would be supportive, compassionate, considerate and generous. Individualistic and Independent leadership skills will change the society right from the family, workplace and the whole world in general. Those in authority need to protect their subordinates through providing them with security (Thatchenkery and Dilpreet 370).
Baldoni, John. Lead by Example: 50 Ways Great Leaders Inspire Results. New York: American Management Association, 2009. Print.
Northouse, Peter G. Leadership: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2010. Print.
Thatchenkery, Tojo J, and Dilpreet Chowdhry. Appreciative Inquiry and Knowledge Management: A Social Constructionist Perspective. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2007. Print.