The article “Morality of Manufactures” by Henry Miles identifies some of the ways that manufacturers have brought about happiness of the people through improving their living conditions. The main purpose of the article is to identify how moral values are observed in the manufacturing industry in relations to the benefits it has contributed to the society. In justifying this purpose, the writer relates the story of a man who narrates his story from a poor person to a cotton factory owner with the ability to give employment opportunities to his children and other people. The main question addressed in the article is ‘in what ways has the manufacturing industry observed the value of morality’?
Careful evaluation and analysis are the key concepts that the reader should use for understanding the contents of this article. This involves evaluating the facts and observations provided in the article and evaluate their clarity and significance to the title and the purpose of the article. Determining the relevance of the facts presented in the story in relations to the title is also another concept that is needed in analyzing and understanding the author’s point of view. In this case, the point of view that the author has presented involves focusing on how manufacturing establishments contribute to the issue of morality on a broader scope rather than that of focusing on the internal environment only.
The assumption underlying the writer’s thinking is that a morality a broad aspect that involves how an establishment values moral values both in the internal and external environment. His assumption outlines that morality is not based only on the behaviors and practices within the establishment but also on the value that the manufacturing industry bring to the society.
The writer analyzes the broader scope of understanding the key concept of morality through examining the major contributions and benefits that the society gets from the manufacturing establishment. This kind of reasoning that involves looking at the broader picture of a particular scenario is essential in understanding various concepts, thus coming up with an informed decision. This is the main reason we should take such kind of reasoning seriously. Failure to take the writer’s reasoning seriously, on the other hand, could result to biased conclusions that are not supported by concrete facts.
Paul, Richard & Elder, Linda. Critical Thinking Tools for Taking Charge of Your Learning and Your Life, New Jersey: Prentice Hall Publishing, 2006.