Political bias is in most cases inevitably attracted by investigations of the activities of the powerful and the wealthy. These activities are claimed to be more harmful both socially and economically compared to the robberies and burglaries of those who lack power and they are more so considered morally acceptable and legal. Many criminologists and governments have intentionally shied away from these issues which end up corrupting our political leaders and they spread like wildfire even to the new leaders. Political deviance has lead to the economic domination systematically exploiting the powerless, government control crimes and denial of human rights. Political deviance causes undermines public trust in economic and political institutions, incalculable monetary costs and also vast amounts of injuries. This paper is so important since it is addressing an issue that society has ignored thus leading to corruption and fall of our economies.
Causes and Solution
The major reason for engagement in political deviance is support and encouragement of such behaviors from the higher authorities. The society values political leaders who are honest and not deceitful however most of the political leaders tend to change into corrupt and dishonest people after joining the reign. These kinds of government and organizations which entertain deviance are said to be toxic and thus characterized by poor performance history both politically and economically, high levels of dissatisfaction among employees, stress among the employees and poor decision making. The solution to this problem is for the governments and organizations to come up with strict laws on those leaders who will engage themselves with deviance acts and ensure they are followed to the letter.
Another factor well known to encourage individuals to engage in political deviance is influence of deviance role models. The theory of social learning well explains that role models in any setting whether an organization, institution or any general group if they are deviant they will influence the rest to commit deviance acts as well. When assessing the deviant behavior effects it is very important to stress group influence in organizations and other groups (e.g. political parties and other political settings) as a way of preventing the cause. According to research the deviant role models will always influence others who are within the group. This has been very clear in most of our government setting where the citizens nominate honest leaders whom they have high expectations of change upon only to be disappointed by the changes he adapts after joining the force.
On a statistical approach a common observation is what gives results. Many people have a habit of assuming that whatever is done by everybody cannot be termed as violation of conduct standards. In fact, a common justification (or validation) for behavior that is being vulnerable with endorsements is to assert that everyone else does it. And, a lot of individuals conclude what is good is looking at what is done by others. Psychological empowerment is also another major cause of engaging in deviant behaviors for most of the leaders including those in political seats. According to Spretzer and Doneson, an empowered mind is very critical. Empowerment allows the political leaders to participate in making decisions and giving orders and this is what gives them an opportunity to break out of stagnant mindsets and take risks by trying new things. In this process they jeopardize those who are under their rule through the deviant results of their actions. These actions are in most cases beneficial to the individuals and not for the interests of the society. The solution for this problem is for the government, political groups and institutions to set certain limits to which leaders can not go beyond and if they violate the limits then face certain consequences. The citizens should also play a role by nominating leaders who possess the skills required for the posts and this should also apply for the organizations and institutions in order to have effective and honest leaders who work for the interest of the people and that of the organization as well.
In order to avoid deviance in the society (i.e. organizations, parliaments, and other groups) it is important to introduce and preach equality. Equity theory should be well spread in all places especially in political settings in order to prevent some leaders from taking advantages of the others who are inferior. Inequity is normally experienced by employees when there is discrepancy between their input ratios compared to their output rations and others. Punishment for breaking the rules should be of great importance with the corporate entities in today’s world. For constructive deviant behavior rewards can be given also in order to encourage people to do well. Leaders must know that they have the responsibility of introducing punishment and reward when necessary even though in nature, such resources should not be so explicit and direct.
In conclusion, Political deviance has been seen to spread like world fire mostly among our government institutions. This in most cases comes from the influence on the upper leadership of the departments going down to the inferior workers. The political deviance affects our political and economic growth and mostly affects the citizens of the country. Leaders need to be honest when carrying out their political deeds and this should be done for the interests of the people. However, it is evident that most of the leaders carry out activities using their positions for their own interests. Certain laws and rules should be made in order to prevent leaders in engaging in deviant acts such as corruption and bribes which lead to the suffering of the citizens in different parts of the world.
Appelbaum, Steven H., Giulio David Iaconi and Albert Matousek. Positive and negative deviant workplace behaviors: causes, impacts, and solutions. N.D. 2008. 21 February 2013
Spreitzer, G.M. and S. Sonenshein. Toward the construct definition of positive deviance. New York: American Behavioral Scientist, 2004.