Sector 1: Analysis on Real Estate
The survey ha 190 questionnaires issued to the people in real estate and the result findings shows that only a few women were interested real estate as men were leading with 60%. More of the surveyed people were Arabs with the majority of staff being youths. Those in the real estate seem to have been schooled properly as about 70% are graduates and above. The real estate seem to be doing well as the most people are paid above 5000diarham. A larger percent of 70% were not informed about the social environment accounting resulting to over 65% of the people being ignorant of the link between social environment accounting and sustainable development. This people can o so well if they are informed as a positive change was seen with 55% recommending the cost and benefit of social environment need to be in the financial report. Quite a small percentage of 20% of people surveyed worked in companies that practiced voluntary activities, which shows that social environment accounting was not practiced in those countries. The area need massive awareness program.
Sector 2: Analysis on communication sector
With 326 questionnaires issued to the communication sector, a result showing women dominating the sector was found with women being 55%; women seem to love working in communication more than men do. In this study among the nationalities studied, the majority were Arabs with 35% with the youths leading with about 70%. These showed that communication sector had needed youths who where highly educated as the level of graduates and above was 83%. Communication sector was well paying with 68% earning over 5000 Dirham, most probably because the company was more profitable. The study showed 65%psurveyed people were not aware of social environment accounting; the possible reason could be that it is not practiced in most of these companies as shown by only 20% were working in the companies that practice voluntary activities such as education, recycling and similar activities. Recommendation should to intensify awareness activities in these nationalities to inform and educate on the advantages of social environmental accounting.
Sector 3: Analysis on Manufacturing Sector
Out of the 280 people surveyed, 72% were male an indicating that manufacturing work was left for men. With the five nationalities surveyed, most of them were Arabs with very youthful age of 70% being between 21-40 years. This may be because a lot of physical work was required hence the large proportion of youthful people. Those who had degrees and above were 70% implying that skillful knowledge was required in the manufacturing sector. Results on educational level showed 4% had primary education, 26% had secondary education, 50% were graduates, 17% were having postgraduate education and 3% falling in the category of other educational level. Communication required staff with tertiary education. Salary paid to the staff showed that the sector was doing well in terms of profit making as about 80% earned more than 5000 Dirham. Awareness of the green accounting was lacking among the nationalities, as 62% had no idea what green accounting was all about, which could not allow them understand the link between social environment and sustainable development. They, however, showed that when enlightened they can embrace the idea when 54% later recommended cost benefit be included in financial reporting. Intense program should be introduced to inform and educate the nationalities under study on the importance of social an environment accounting.
Sector 4: Analysis on Consumer Sector
Questionnaires were issued to 100 people; the result obtained showed that a large percentage did not understand what social and environmental accounting. Only 6% were informed about it and these led to about 65% of these people being ignorant of the relationship between social an environmental accounting and sustainable development, after being enlightened on the topic of the study, 54% recommended a cost benefit to be enumerated in the report of social and environmental. The implementation of the green accounting was supported by 65%, but very few were working in the companies that practiced the green accounting. At the end of 66% of the surveyed people believed reporting of annual report should also contain social environment. To promote green accounting, awareness is very necessary in these countries studied.
Sector 5: Results and analysis of Health sector
Questionnaires were issued to 50 people and 56% were male, seemingly women left health sector for their men counterpart. Out of the five categories of nationalities studied Arabs were the majority with the majority being between the age of 31 to 40 years forming 55% of the total surveyed. Results on educational level showed 70% of those surveyed being graduates and above. Majority were paid between 5001 to 10000 Dirham possibly because the sector was highly productive. On the level of awareness, 69% did understand the subject of study with only 6% being ignorant. This implies that the sector was having the information on the social an environmental accounting and therefore 60% were having an idea of the relationship between social environmental accounting and sustainable development, which led to 50% recommending a cost benefit to be enumerated in the report of social and environmental. Those who were for the implementation were 70% with up to 60% of the people surveyed working in a company supporting voluntarily supporting social and environmental programs through various means such as educating. Finally, 70% of the surveyed people believed on the necessity of the social and environment report to be part of annual report while 4% neutral and 30% did not believe it was that important. Recommendation on the health sector is to found a way of maintaining the spirit that has been instilled on the green accounting to encourage continual performance.
Sector 6: Findings and Analysis of Construction Industry
The number surveyed was 54 people and the answers were 75% male and 25% female, the nationality 20% Emirates, 30 Arabs, 20% Indians, Asians 20% and 10% from other nationalities. The age groups of surveyed people varied, 3% less than 20, 20% from 21-30 years old 47% from 31 to 40 years old, 20% from 41 to 50, and 10% above 50 years old. There were 10% with primary education, 35% with secondary education, 45% with graduate education level and 5% Postgraduates and 5% others. Earnings showed 25% of them earned less than 5000 dirham, 32% earned between 5001 and 10000 dirham, 38% earned between 15001 and 20000 dirham and only 5% earned more than 20000. Those surveyed people showed some interesting results, the analysis showed that 69% of the surveyed people did not understand the meaning of social and environmental accounting, 22% were neutral and only 9% knew what social environmental accounting is. Therefore, it was not a surprise that 70% were not aware of the link between social and environmental accounting and sustainable development. After explaining, the concept 50% of them agreed that the cost and benefit needed to be part of environmental report and 76% of surveyed people thought that it was important to implement social and environmental accounting. The awareness on green accounting was very low in all the sectors and therefore there should be a plan to create awareness in all the six sectors.