Cities have undergone through so much revolution and implication of such changes to interest groups is profound. Cities continue to house a large number of poor populations while large cities in United States such as Detroit continue to lose population. The more people move to urban centres looking for jobs and better standards of living, the more urban population rise leading to urban growth. The value of property also increases and as a result, suburbs and exurbs grow at a faster pace(Sieverts, 2003 p. 84).
Cities like Washington are slowly eliminating some development and social welfare programs because the perspective that by helping the cities grows is crucial to national interest are long gone. It has become challenging to implement fiscal policies for instance it is not possible to raising taxes is now difficult and this has [prompted the governing institutions to shrink their bureaucracies(Reps, 2011 p. 112).
The real changes in the cities have been the government doing less whiles the nonprofits doing more. Nonprofits play a major role in advising the policy makers, programs design and funding of social services as opposed to the past where the government had to do everything. This enabling environment of good relationship between the government and nonprofits has led to their increase(Tidwell, 2012 p.18)
There has been a tremendous evolution also in social policy. The city governments are now embarking on establishing collaborative working relationships with other arms of governments, private and nonprofits. This is an effort to shift dependence on groupless politics extending services offered by various organizations. The essence is for everyone to know that they have a responsibility in making an impact and bring the required change in the cities. Citizens of all levels of life regardless of their class, color, beliefs, or political affiliations are being brought on board to contribute towards success of their own city(Kreimer, 2010 p. 213).
Kreimer, A., Arnold, M., & Carlin, A. (2010). Building safer cities: The future of disaster risk. Washington, D.C: World Bank.
Boatwright, M. T. (2000). Hadrian and the cities of the Roman empire. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press
Reps, J. W. (2011). Cities of the Mississippi: Nineteenth-century images of urban development. Columbia: University of Missouri Press
Tidwell, M. (2012). The ravaging tide: Strange weather, future Katrinas, and the coming death of America's coastal cities. New York: Free Press.
Sieverts, T. (2003). Cities without cities: An interpretation of the Zwischenstadt. London: Spon Press.