Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Abdallah ibn Sina, or commonly known as Avicenna, is an Iranian scientist and philosopher who lived during the 10th century. He is known for his exemplary talent in the field of medicine which led him to write several books about medicine. Because of his works and contributions in the field of medicine, the standards of medicine world were reflected to him from 12th to 16th century.
Avicenna has several contributions which are especially noted in the field of medicine. Of all the contributions he had made, one of the greatest books of all time, al-Qanun, is one great reference material for several medicinal terms, some of which are Islamic in origin (muslimphilosophy.com, 1999). Al-Qanun is a medicine encyclopedia which contains over a million, which are referenced from ancient medicine, up to the modern medicine of their time. The book is said to have greater reliability, which surpassed any books of the same kind for the last four centuries (trincoll.edu, 1995). Aside from al-Qanun, Avecinna has also provided contributions out of his own ideas and findings. He has helped in recognizing the mechanism behind diseases such tuberculosis and phthisis. He has also determined correlation between psychology and health, as well as the way in which diseases spread into the water and soil. Aside from medicine, Avicenna is also known to have contributions in other fields such as Mathematics, Physics, and Music (trincoll.edu, 1995).
Because of the reliability of al-Qanun as a reference material, all universities during the 12th to 16th centuries complied with the standards set by Qanun (muslimphilosophy.com, 1999). The implication of this would be that the recognition being given to the book even in the western part of the world will make East and West integrate in terms of scientific knowledge. Because the language required translation of words from Arabic to Latin, Westerners learn more about the Muslim culture, thus, giving the same respect to different cultures.
IBN SINA, Abu 'Ali al-Husayn b. (1999). Retrieved February 12, 2016, from http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/sina/art/ei-is.htm
Ibn Sina (Avicenna). (1995). Retrieved February 12, 2016, from http://www.trincoll.edu/depts/phil/philo/phils/muslim/sina.html