MONARCHY AND PRESIDENCY
The political order, political system or form of government (which is sometimes used phrases and social order, that order) is the name for a system of institutions that make up the government in a country. Form of government depends on the head of state. The head of state and supreme state authority is not the same. Supreme state authority is the Parliament today and head of state is the president.
In Monarchy, the ruler is a king, sultan, Pharaoh, Prince, Emperor (the government in a country where there are more people). The monarch is legally irresponsible (figure above the law). Morally and politically sovereign, came to power by inheritance, his mandate lasts a lifetime.
In Republic, the head of state is the president. Singular body and may be the presidency. The President is responsible for the morally and politically (can be removed if it violates the constitution). Should be distinguished presidential (USA) and parliamentary (France, Germany) republic. Here, we will talk about one monarchy and one Republic.
France is centralized, semi-presidential republic. The constitution of the Fifth Republic was approved by referendum 28th September 1958. The referendum was significantly strengthened the authority of the executive in relation to parliament. Very good authority has two leaders: the President of the Republic (currently François Oland), who is head of state and is elected directly by the election for a term of 5 years (previously 7), and the Government, led by Prime Minister appointed by the President. Current Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ero.
Bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Assembly which has 577 members, and indirectly elected Senate, made up of 331 people. The National Assembly has the power to dismiss the government, including the majority of the members elected by the Assembly Government. Senators are elected for a term of 6 years (first 9 years), and one half of the members are elected every three years starting in September 2008. The Legislative Assembly has limited power, in case of disagreement the two chambers of parliament, the National Assembly has the final say, except for constitutional laws. The government has a strong influence in shaping the attitudes of Parliament.
French politics are characterized by two opposing camps: jedav left-eye and right-wing of the Socialist Party, previously grouped around the party gathering for a republic, and today some of its successor the Union for a Popular Movement.
In many countries, the president has the role of representing their country abroad, and has no internal power. However, according to the authorities and the political power they have even more reason to envy his other colleagues have the president of France.
For such a situation the French presidents owe gratitude to De Gaulle who created precedents that apply to today. President when party has a majority in parliament, which means that from its ranks and the prime minister, he has great power. According to the constitutional authority of the Head of State I can dissolve the assembly with or without consultation with Parliament. President also appoints the prime minister, but he may also revoke it if he has a majority in Parliament, although it is not written anywhere in the constitution. French President is the commander of the army. Even in the absence of cohabitation, that is, when the president's party has a majority in the assembly, it still sets policy, and the government only executes his orders so he totally skips the premiere. Way he retains some influence in defense and foreign policy, which is not in accordance with the constitution.
In France, people like and respect their president. President is their unofficial Minister of Interior and Foreign Affairs, the only head of state and leader. Parliament and the government do not even notice. Popularity President has its roots in the distant past, under Bonaparte. The French are taught to love their president.
The legislative branch of government in Japan's bicameral parliament, which Kokkai consists of the House of Representatives (jap. Shūgiin) and Council (jap. Sangiin). The House of Representatives has 480 members who are elected in general elections every four years and the parliamentary chamber with greater authority. Members of Council are elected in general elections every 6 years, and it has a total of 242nd the right to vote to all citizens over 20 years old.
The conservative Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) has been in power almost without interruption since 1955th year. The exception in 1993rd, when he was in power the coalition government made up of opposition parties. Today's Prime Minister Taro Aso's Liberal Democratic Party from the party. The largest opposition party is the social liberal Democratic Party of Japan.
The Cabinet is the executive branch of government and comprises the Prime Minister and Ministers of State. Directly to the Cabinet of Kokkai and its members must resign if the House of Representatives vote of no confidence. The Prime Minister must be a member of Kokkai and his colleagues elected him. Has the authority to set the resolution and ministers, most of whom must be members of Kokkai.
Japan has its own head of state. It's a Czar. However, as international relations would not be complicated, foreign affairs (and in recent years the internal affairs) there is prime minister. The Prime Minister is the political head of state. The Japanese are very traditional people. They respect their emperor, and they are nation that respects the authority. However, this is not the case with the Prime Minister. In the last five years, Japan's changed 6 prime ministers.
There are states where only the title of President is only a role and Prime Minister has the biggest role. This is the case in 80% of the democratic countries of the world. In Japanese history, the monarchy has always existed and has always been the main leader of the Czar. At the present time, when including federal czar still the head of state, he is the only respected by the people. Japan has a very strange system, where the monarchy is unchangeable categories, with elements of modern democracy. There was always in history of monarchy existed a body that limits the power of the ruler, as the Senate, Assembly, etc. However, in Japan, despite the government, Czar has an unofficial sovereign power over the people.
FRANCE | Deep In The Woods II. (n.d.). Deep In The Woods | Deep In The Woods II. Retrieved from http://deepinthewoods.me/cultures/france.html
Government of France. (n.d.). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved March 29, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_in_france
Government. (n.d.). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved March 29, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government
Monarchy. (n.d.). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved March 29, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarchy
The Japanese Government. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://koreanhistoryproject.org/Jta/Jp/JpGOV0.htm