According to Nietzsche, a culture forms by the language, codes, institutions, narratives, and practices that affect the morality, having two perspectives named as “noble morality” and “slave morality”.
Noble morality includes pride, strength, and nobility. It is adopted by a man who has strong wills and power and thus values the actions as having good and bad results. Nietzsche differentiated between the good and bad actions and their consequences that strong willed man does (Sinhababu, pp. 262). He said that good values and actions are perceived to bring positive impacts upon a person as compare to bad actions that reflect the cowardice and weakness of a man. The master morality mainly emphasizes upon the nobility along with the courage, truthfulness, and trust that one develops in himself by his positive attitude. He said that noble morality begins when a strong and noble man focuses on doing some action that has good consequences at the end. In a way one keeps himself away from what is considered as bad and harmful, determining his values. Nietzsche named this mortality as master morality because according to him one who values and creates morality, having strong wills has the ability to recognize the good aspects of all actions as he can find difference between good and bad very clearly.
The second morality named as slave morality focuses on characteristic such as kindness, sympathy, and humility (Hatab, 2008). According to this type of morality, the actions are done by their intentions that are either evil or good. It is usually practiced by slaves when they respond to masters practicing master morality. The idea behind this morality is that it reflects the feeling of uncertainty and weakness that prevail in one’s self as the weak person feels him to be oppressed and abused. This morality regards the beauty, wealth, strength, and power as evil as they bring a revenge feeling in one who has not abundance of them. With this morality, one negates the values adopted by powerful man.
The types of moralities introduced by Nietzsche are not interlinked at all. A noble man always thinks about the goodness of any action and then its negative impacts that are developed from the actions. On the other hand, slave considers the evil first and then thinks about the opposition of evil.
Hatab, Lawrence J. Nietzsche's' on the genealogy of morality': an introduction. Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Sinhababu, N. "Vengeful Thinking and Moral Epistemology." Nietzsche and Morality (2007): pp. 262.