Social Work and Social Policy
Adams, Dominelli, and Payne (2009, p. 4) claim that social work has the objective of improving and facilitating the relationship of people in the environment as well as the social institutions where people live. Social work improves human cooperation by helping humans to survive and develop. It improves social relationships to facilitate the development in the development of families to improve the society due to social interactions. Connectedness links people in different levels of institutions, families, and social relationship. Social work aims to improve social life to increase cooperation between people in the society.
The International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW) is one of the organizations that support social workers to increase solidarity of societal people. According to Adams et al.,. (2009, p. 5) social work is an activity that works to promote the issue of social interactions to empower and liberate people and cater for their wellness. Social work entails three dimensions identified by Adams these include the transformational change, the social order of solving problems of relationships, and liberating people to ensure wellness.
Effective social workers maintain a nice temperament in the course of work. The first aspect emphasizes on social improvement by collaboration with people in the community. Social work has the objective of bringing people together to campaign for their welfare such as health and social arrangement. The collaboration is an informative session to the minority and oppressed groups to enable them act in unison so as to change the dire situation of being disadvantaged. For example, the community can intervene in issues of domestic violence, in the social work. Social workers and other experts seek to assist the women to accept change in their lives to prevent violence in their homesteads.
Community work by the social workers entails creating of frameworks to support the refugees, amending the legislation to support non-violence in homes, and developing services to enable women and children establish an effective way of life. Adams et al. (2009, p. 6) cites that the social work provides support to people as they encounter difficulties by advising them on some of the available options.
A care manager in the society looks after the welfare of the aged by organizing basic services to support them in their frail situation. The practitioners organize other extensive packages to assist people in the performance of normal routines. The services include personal effects such as bathing, toileting, dressing and feeding.
The health care services by a social worker aim to maintain the victim in good health condition. The social worker has the concern of interpersonal relationship with people in the community to create secure lives. The social work entails making assessment to the individual lives and providing tailor packages to support the people. A new pattern of service such as the use of self-directed care through independent budgeting will permit users to interact with devices of high level of control.
Social work has a role of supporting people to enable them make decisions by campaigning for their preferences to facilitate arrangements for security in the existing community and social network. Adams et al. (2009, p. 7) claims that the social work entails therapeutic empowerment especially to the old people to support in their situations of frailty and loneliness.
Additionally, social workers can assist addicts in the society to enable them make fruitful decisions and keep them free from accessing drugs. Social work does not have constraints to relationships and institutions since it has social practices. Social work has the nature of improving the social solidarity and provides an alternative to the inferior relationships and institutions. Foster care and the adoption of children to the parents that cannot take care of them serve as an alternative to poor parental care.
Cognitive behavioral, social work educates people with anxiety and depressed lives by providing solutions to overcome those problems. The provision of palliative care assists those patients in critical situations by providing extra care to support them in their difficult situations. The use of interpersonal relationships and social institutions will support people to enable them address social challenges. The study of assisting children in residential areas entails controlling and containing young people to encourage them to lead acceptable social behavior.
The attempt to improve social behavior will improve social relationships in the future. The maintenance of viable relationships in the social institutions and residential care will reduce difficulties to affect leaders in the local areas. The working with individuals to meet their specific needs will permit their life situations to change and improve.
The focus on individuals has the aim of improving social relationships in the future without the social institutions at the care home. Community situations will reduce conflicts that occur in groups so as to damage and repair produced challenges. The practice tends to avoid the mix of residents that cause challenges in the in early relationships of group relations.
Frost and Parton (2009, p.42) in their book of understanding children’s social care say that the Labor Part under the directorship of Tony Blair elected to govern England and Wales works to bring change in the children social care in 1997.
Children social care is a term that covers the social services provided to children by the government as well as voluntarily services to protect the children. The historical development of children social care deliberates on a policy that every child matters to necessitate a change in children lives.
Frost and Parton (2009, p.42) continues to argue that the development of the policy extends to the state, delinquent children, and asylum seeking children. In the current set up a framework for children, social care changes the role of social work. In the retro respect, the Labor Party under the watchful eye of the leader deliberates on implication to the system of child welfare.
The process of the developed policy negates different ideologies to pervade government thinking in the provision of public services. The social inclusion emerges as a notion to elaborate the social disadvantage and the implication of the role of the government. Investing in Information Communication and Technology will promote strategies that emerge in the policies to integrate children care with other services.
According to Frost and Parton (2009, p.54), the consistency in the development of the policies will strive to control the political ideologies. The changing of the social mores will affect the provision of children to children. The political ideology emerges as a critical component to translate the policy to a rapid and effective practice. The policy is of interest to the social workers in the era of the late 1990s as their profession changes.
Social workers move to the status to perceive them as key professionals with the power to provide and coordinate social care since the Social Service Departments empowers them to that prestigious level. Social work enters a new sphere coupled that has public confidence as work in collaboration with other teams in the newly established Children Trusts. Social work progresses to solve the issue of child deaths and related scandals in the abuse of children. The public has an optimistic attitude towards the policy in the future role of social work, in children, in the realm of social care. The critical policy analysis attempts to promote reforms in the Australian Social Workers other than bei8ng constrained to England and Wales. In the 1990s, the Labor Party reformed some of the issues in the public domain. The issues entailed social alienation instead of social inclusion while denying access of opportunities to the young adults. Currently, the childcare protection will benefit from other major reforms that are critical to children’s welfare.
Lister (2010, p.7) explains some of the theories and concepts in the social policy. The application of social policy in the era of globalization will have the capacity of driving change in the welfare states. A powerful theory of globalization associated with the end of statewide welfare programs. The new program does not have autonomy and control of the government. It is crucial for the states to manage the policy in light of globalization to create new forms of concession and contestation. The global account of the policy will shape multiple institutions from local to a regional perspective.
Some of the international organization in this level includes the United Nations and the European Union. The global social policy has the attribute of distributing and regulating global social rights. Some of the international bodies mirror strong networks in the non-governmental bodies and activists groups in the emergence of global civil society.
The changing context of the welfare state after the end of the World War II increases the influence of male social rights in the populace. The prevailing condition is that the state plays a central role to ensure that citizens access the economic welfare and a minimum standard of living as a matter of right. A national welfare administration aid should provide a global system that steers mass production and consumption.
The bureaucratic provision and the social rights translate to a developed society. The shift from a Keynesian school of thought takes place due to some of the transnational issues in the policy-making front. Some of the factors channel unemployment, inequality, and the renegotiation of the state and individuals in the society. The change leads to a rethinking of the analytical and theoretical traditions in the welfare state.
According to Matthews and Fraser (2008, p20) in the social work and health care normal experiences in the health and social care presents conflicts due to limited time, complex issues, setting of priorities, looking for alternatives, encountering anxiety and stress, and addressing internal and external pressures. One has to operate within the firm’s social constrains that present challenges due to lack of autonomy and individual control.
One encounters the challenge of realizing the limitation and finding a solution in the practice. A major policy change will lead to greater inter-agency collaboration and motivate people to support each other in the provision of quality health and social care. Matthews and Fraser (2008, p20) say that critical is an open-minded methodology that considers many probabilities.
A constructive critical stance avoids destruction as a requirement of the practitioners. One has to have the capacity to handle uncertain situations by applying professional skills and knowledge. Practitioners draw evidence and knowledge by being discretionary and critical in the work discourse.
A critical approach assumes that the social justice underpins the provision of care to other people. The successful, caring process empowers people by preventing all forms of oppression. One has to integrate integrity and critical thinking in the moral development of other people. Human beings have the same discoveries to joy and sufferings as they wish to experience similar integrity in the cultural set up.
It is difficult for the practitioners to occupy a detached space to enable them drive a clear-cut evidence in the decisions concerning their clients. The practitioners struggle to communicate and deliberate on issues in the presence of personal and cultural ideologies in the society. A practitioner faces conflicting principles that call for reflection to protect their welfare situation.
Dickens (2010, p13) provides a framework for social work and social policy that permits debates and controversy from different people in the society. The author observes that different people exhibit different reactions in the face of social policies and welfare provision programs. The responsibilities and the function of the wide range of social services connect with the provision of health and education.
Dickens (2010, p13) claims that the systems and techniques will ensure quality services from social worker practitioners. The author provides that the social work revolve around wide social policy issues, welfare services, and social values. Social care and social work portray differences in the policies within organizations among countries. The author provides a link between focus and comprehensive to enable the relevant practice that has relevance after some time.
Social policy is a rapid aspect of the state that can negate change in other sectors in the country. The balance between needs for individual liberty, the respect of other people’s choices, and safety issues ensure controversy. The political and the professional practitioner tend to solve social issues through organization to deliver quality welfare services. One has to remain focused on the central issues to endure challenges that are useful in deciding on policies and organizational concepts in the present and the future. Practitioners have the capacity of influencing policy, as they perceive what is beyond their knowledge in the casework. The practice of policies by the service users will be unproductive without the practice by the social worker practitioners to create dynamism. The reality of the policy applies in everyday practice through rules and routines.
The social work practice concentrates on the relationships from the service users to ensure organizational competence from the social worker practitioners. To stick to the normal routines in the interpersonal practice is a daunting task as the routines hinder people’s creativity too much simpler ways. The creation of a policy will strive to create value in the social work as people receive policies set by others to enable them implement plans from other social professionals.
Matthews, S, and Fraser, S 2008, The Critical Practitioner In Social Work And Health Care, Milton Keynes, U.K.: Open University, eBook Academic Collection (EBSCOhost), EBSCOhost, viewed 15 May 2014.
Frost, N. and Parton, N. (2009) Understanding children’s social care: politics, policy and practice. London: Sage Publications Ltd.
Lister, R. (2010) Understanding theories and concepts in social policy. Bristol: The Policy Press.
Dickens, J. (2010) Social work and social policy: an introduction. Abingdon: Routledge
Adams, R., Dominelli, L. and Payne, M. (eds.) (2009) Social work: themes, issues and critical debates. 3rd edn. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.