With regards to art and esthetic experiences John Dewey present his theory. Dewey suggests that there is a congruity between the refined experiences of esthetics and ordinary day to day life experiences, and so as to comprehend the artistic beauty one must start with the occasions and scenes of everyday life. He intends to say that the very classification that we provide for esthetic experiences develops a certain attitude toward the admiration of ‘high art’ however, that serves to undermine the beauty of the visual stimuli of routine life. This thought remains contrary to the other basic hypothesis which have generally been demonstrated to support certain classical types of artistic work. Dewey contends for the legitimacy of everyday artistic experiences.
So here, the deterrent is the partition between aesthetic articles and the human experience. Dewey proposes that the need of the hour is to restore coherence between the sophisticated experiences originating from the classic works of art and the regular occasions and experiences. It is the obligation of the scholars to make this congruity of esthetic experience with the typical expressions life clear. Criticizing earlier theories of art, Dewey contends, the glorification of artistic work and placing it on a divine level isolates it from actual life experiences. Such speculations really do hurt by keeping individuals from understanding the imaginative estimation of their routine activities and the general expressions that they most appreciate, and diminish the esthetic observations which are a fundamental element of ecstasy.
There are noteworthy explanations behind restricting art to exhibition halls of museums. The conception of compartmentalization of work of art, in the views of Dewey, was due to the notions like Capitalism, Industrialism, and Nationalism. These hindrances are not intrinsic to the concept of esthetic experiences these are created artificially and this is the duty of the theorists to diminish this artificial hindrance between the esthetic experience and normal life experiences by reinvigorating the coherence between the two.
Art has esthetic standing just as it turns into an affair for people and there is a dire need to reconnect art with experiences and feelings. For this to happen, Dewey states that it must be comprehended that craftsmanship and esthetic work is established and develops from ordinary encounters. The esthetic experiences include going from aggravation to the agreement and is one of man's most extraordinary and fulfilling encounters because virtuosity and artistry start with cheerful ingestion in a particular enterprise. Any individual who does his work with consideration and involvement is masterfully engaged in creating work of esthetic and artistic nature.
In the second chapter Dewey utilizes Keats to further his theory of esthetics and the expression "ethereal" in this chapter is utilized as a part of reference to spiritual or ‘High Art’ and the scholars and theorists that have likened artistry with components beyond the senses and normal experiences due to art’s extraordinary and otherworldly qualities. This serves as a further criticism of hypothesis regarding art that sets artistry on a pedestal too far from the reach of the pragmatic life experiences and the roots of esthetics from where art is drawn. Another understanding of the expression could be that the 'earth and its substance’ is an allusion to 'human experience' as a root of all forms of artistic brilliance and esthetic experiences.
Moreover, the human creative ability is seen by Dewey to be an effective incorporating instrument to express involvement with nature. Reason and rationality alone can neither suffice to comprehend life totally nor guarantee an improved presence. Artistic work and mythology, as per Dewey, is an endeavor to discover light. Dewey in the second chapter moves to describe the inevitable presence of the ethereal into work of art and mythologies and for Dewey hardcore pragmatics devoid of abstract is of no use with regards to understanding the beauty and mysteries of life. Virtuosity claims that the arousing creative ability and numerous esthetic and religious encounters happen as the consequence of vitality and material used to extend and strengthen the experiences of life.
Dewey, John. Art as Experience. Perigee Books, 2005. Print.