The Watson’s theory of human caring has helped in improving human caring practices which result in the healing process. Human caring is important because it leads to quick recovery of the patient. The theory of Watson help in guiding nurses on how to take care of patients to recover faster than relying only on the medicine (Parker,1990).
There are many elements, which led Watson to develop the human caring theory, and this are:
- Curative factors
- Interpersonal concern relationship
- Caring circumstance
- Developing human care affiliation
- Assistance to every human being whenever there is need
- Solving problems in the process of delivering assistance
Watson theory highlights the importance of developing a caring and continued help to humans is attached with a clear spirit of the Nurse and the person being cared. Establishment of a good environment at all times, where there is comfort, peace and dignity help in helping patients to recover quickly.
Interpersonal concern relationship
This relationship depends on the willingness of nurse to protect and show concern to the person in need of health care (Watson, 2011). The nurse can understand the patient’s perspective, which helps in knowing how to approach and offer assistance.
This is the time when the nurses join hands together with another person to help each other that is human to human operation. The caring moment involve the nurse and the other person decision and acts. The connection between the two helps in healing and good correlation which is more valuable than physical interaction.
Components of Watson’s theory of human caring
- Develop analytical perspective of person and self spirit of becoming united.
- Promote healing and caring.
- Serving humans beings without losing hope in all unusual fields and unitary realization.
- Advance healing and caring modalities/ nursing skill for future advance nursing practice.
- Caring spirit "which is the key goal within human environmental field"
The Watson’s caring theory shows that love and care are the most fundamental aspects which are always overlooked (Watson, 2011). The people who always need love and care do not get and end up feeling rejected in the society. Caring as a practice is essential in nursing and is particularly valuable in practicing nursing (Watson, 2011).
The theory of human caring includes both science and art. Nursing is a caring career; it affects the human civilization growth and resolves nursing contribution to the public. Maintaining and advancing human care in improving the health care centers operations now and in the future.
Society and nursing are in a dangerous situation because human care role is being threatened to increase medical technology, technical management skills in present day, and improved curing techniques without increase in medical costs (Parker, 1990). Human care process makes people understand the sense of humanity. The nature of practicing caring theory is active and undergoing tremendous changes in many scenarios locally and around the world.
Comparison between traditional science and human science
- The traditional science is based on inferred knowledge which is one-sided while scientific science is diverse and has goals.
- The traditional science deals largely on practical, learning is through experience while scientific science is rational that is theoretically oriented.
- Traditional knowledge system is concurrent while scientific science is in order.
- Traditional science is learned through experience while scientific science deals largely with mind (Parker, 1990).
Parker, M (1990). Nursing theories in practice. New York, NY: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Watson, J (2011). Human Caring Science: A Theory of Nursing Watson, Nursing: Human
Science and Human Care. New York, NY: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.