1. (a) Brave Clean World is the best way to transition to hydrogen. Hydrogen Genie relies on market-driven competition; the problem is that market-driven economy is what is in place now. If the market alone was going to push the transition to the alternative fuel of hydrogen then this would have happened already. It might take a very long time for hydrogen to become viable if we wait for the market which seems to be hooked on oil. New World, Old Weapons is a good strategy to include along with the Brave Clean World strategy; modern technologies are designed to make fossil fuels be less polluting while hydrogen and other alternative fuels are developed for everyday use. Hydrogen in a Bottle will not be the best way to go for hydrogen because this is already how hydrogen is treated in the markets, as a niche product; but can work within the Brave Clean World strategy .(Dunn 69)
(b) The US should take into account the gasoline distribution infrastructure available that could work for hydrogen, too, which can be done with a feasibility study. Research and development for efficient fuel cells and hydrogen technology should be supported by the government at three levels: industry, university research and entrepreneurs. Demonstrations of new hydrogen technologies should be scheduled so the best technology developed can be put into use by 2030.
2. (a) According to all the information on its website, the DOE is using Brave Clean World as much as possible. The DOE is organizing and encouraging the use of different alternative energy technologies including hydrogen; their strategy puts strong importance on market forces. The DOE’s strategy also is working to answer peoples’ concerns about fossil fuel pollution and worries about new technology safety and reliability. The DOE is also keeping in mind that people want a clean, safe environment. Their website has a lot of both technical information and non-technical information that eople in different communities can access for more information. There is a strong encouragement of cooperation and sharing knowledge such as in workshops with companies that are from other parts of the world and have good experience with alternative fuels.
(b) The conversion to fuel cells timeline goal is 2016, storage tech by mid-2016, easy to deliver and pick up by 2018 and production is expected in 2019/20. That means that .the ‘stationary’ hydrogen fuel cell technology is expected to go into production about 2019 to 2020. This is the timeline goal set for renewable, too. (Hydrogen 42)
3 (a) I agree with going ahead with FutureGen 2 because it will cost less than the original plan for building a new facility. CO2 will be captured before leaving the smokestacks which will be good to show that the US is serious about cutting down on CO2 emissions plus make a cleaner environment in the community. Storing the captured CO2 to use for other clean-up projects is also a good idea. Not as many new jobs will be made but keeping CO2 from reaching the atmosphere is the most important goal of the project. (Community 2011)
(b) I think that the FutureGen 2 fits into the plan because it is using modern tech so coal can be used without polluting the atmosphere. It advances the Brave Clean World strategy. It fits in well with the schedule since we need coal until hydrogen and other alternatives are ready. (FutrureGen 2.0 2011)
Hydrogen Posture Plan: An integrated research, development
and demonstration plan. 2006. US Department of Energy & US Department of Transportation. Dec. Web. 24 Jan. 2012
Dunn, S. 2001. ‘Hydrogen futures: Toward a sustainable energy system. ‘ Ed. J.S. Peterson WorldWatch Paper 157. August. WorldWatch Institute. Washington D.C.
Timeline. Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program. U.S. Department of Energy. n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2012.
FutureGen 2.0 Clean Coal Technologies. 2010. Tech. Fossil Energy Office of Communications. US Department of Energy. 11 March 2011 Web. 25 Jan. 2011.
‘Community reacts of FutureGen rejection.’ 2011. WTHITV.com 28 Feb. Web. 25 Jan. 2012.
Environmental and Energy Study Institute. 2011. Timeline of EPA Action on Greenhouse Gases. US Environmental Protection Agency. (EPA). July. Web, 24 Jan. 2012.