Globalization is otherwise known as the increased connectedness of the people living across geographical boundaries; there are two elements which are interrelated to each other including the elimination of borders so that there is an increase in the flow of goods, services, people, money and ideas; and the simultaneous changes in the policies so that the flow is facilitated (Dator). In the recent years, the globalization has shown dramatic increase. Mainly the driving forces have been the advancement in technology, the ease in mobility of capital and the decline in the transaction costs across the borders. So, globalization affects the economic activity primarily but is also influential on the culture, environment, politics and even the issues of security. Various international organizations have been established to cater the issues of globalization and to ensure that the elimination of all the problems pertaining to globalization (Barnett and Finnemore 699--732).
World Health Organization works to focus on the health of all the countries and assists them in assessing the security of the public health. The organization provides necessary supports to cross-border risks of health so that the health outcomes can be improved. The globalization has both direct and indirect impacts on the health; the direct impact is all those policies and agreements which are formed like the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement which impact the availability and the cost of the necessary drugs and vaccines across the border (Ruger and Yach). With the rise in trade and tourism, more infectious diseases are likely to spread; the improvement in the communication technology has made it easier to share information on the health issues and so global challenges on the illicit drug trade can be addressed too.
The World Trade Organization is another strong international organization which assumes the role of a global government; it caters the economic globalization and 134 nation states have ceded its authority. The aim is to ensure that commercial interests supersede the national interests and any kind of obstacle in global business expansion is sorted out by the WTO. It can include issues relating to labor rights, human rights, social justice, national sovereignty, consumer rights, and the protection of environment.
United Nations is the most influential and involved inter-governmental organization; it plays a positive role in maintaining the peace and security across the borders while promoting the cooperation among states so that international development can be ensured. It plays an active role in fighting against international terrorism. The constituting document which is known as the Charter, provides the guidelines to deal with peace threats where conflicts can be resolved either by negotiation, non-military coercive measures or by taking military actions against the party through the use of force so that the peace and security of the globe is maintained (Paul 89).
International Labor Organization was founded in 1919 so pursue the vision of lasting peace based on social justice; the main aim of the organization is to ensure promotion of the rights of the labor at work and to encourage decent opportunities for employment to the employees. In addition, it also enhances the social protection given to the labor and to provide a platform to strengthen the dialogue on any issue related to work. In 1946, ILO became the first specialized agency of the United Nations (Haas 322--352).
Even though some other international organizations like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have also played their role in ensuring peaceful relations between nation states; the major role for maintaining peace has been played by the United Nations. Though there have been failures along with successes in maintaining peace but they still hold great potential in the global community. These organizations focus on broad ranging issues like ensuring gender equality, human rights, governance, and expansion in the production of food, social development, global health issues, and counter terrorism, protecting the refugees, and even educating the women (Paul 89). These organizations especially the United Nations, promotes friendly relations among the different nations and takes special measures to ensure that the peace of the universe is being strengthened. It even suppresses the acts of aggressions and ensures settlements on international disputes among nations (Langmore 24).
Barnett, Michael N and Martha Finnemore. "The politics, power, and pathologies of international organizations." International organization, 53. 4 (1999): 699--732. Print.
Dator, Jim. "What is globalization?" Fairness, Globalization, and Public Institutions: East Asia and Beyond, (2006): Print.
Haas, Ernst B. "System and process in the International Labor Organization, A statistical afterthought." World Politics, 14. 2 (1962): 322--352. Print.
Langmore, John. "Strengthening Global Peace and Justice through the United Nations." Ethos, 17. 3 (2009): 24. Print.
Paul, Sanjay. "Corporate Citizenship and Globalization: An Analysis of the United Nations Global Compact." Culture & Civilization: Cosmopolitanism and the Global Polity, 5. (2012): 89. Print.
Ruger, Jennifer and Derek Yach. "The global role of the World Health Organization." (2009): Print.