Leadership Styles and Negative Aspect of Noble Cause Corruption
Noble cause is an honest commitment to make the world a safer place for humanity to live. Noble cause corruption refers to corruption that involves expectation a good end. In other words, it can be referred to as a corruption that happens when police are too considerate about their work. In addition, it is corruption done in order to get rid of street gangs, to protect the innocent from predators that impose pain and suffering on them. Ethics and leadership styles are major aspects in the present ethics and justice management activities. This essay is to compare contrast different styles of leadership and negative aspects of noble cause corruption. It will also explore and discuss ethical leadership and why it is significant in law enforcement agencies. In this paper, we are to compare different leadership styles in relation to police ethics. Ethical dilemmas such as accepting free gifts from people within the working environment are to be discussed (Pollock, 2011, p. 38).
Just like ethics and leadership in police ethics, each department or form of authority has policies which guide its functions. The policies state on what a leader is supposed to do and what he is not expected to do in leadership. The noble cause corruption is done by individuals in power through doing wrong things and expecting good outcomes. Tackling noble cause corruption is hard since people raise moral questions about the behavior of police and those in power. In addition, we carry the beliefs that drive the noble cause. There has been intricate social and legal complexity; we recognize that there has been a limit on the zeal police show for their work (Michael & Crank, 2010, p. 24).
The negative effects of noble cause corruption can be observed from the police authority. The authority of those in power, for instance the police, intervenes the affairs of the citizenry is on the ascent. Traditional due process restrictions on police authority are being relaxed. Citizens and politicians sometimes encourage illegal police behavior to do something about crime. Local police have been in the fore front in defense of terror attacks and prevention of terrorism; which gives them opportunity to undertake noble cause corruption (Pollock, 2011, p. 39).
Drug interdiction activities are common in the current society and leadership. We encounter such tactics as a drug courier profiles. A routine automobile stop aimed at the interception of drugs is conducted in many states. Then it is permitted by the Supreme Court without prior requirement of probable cause for stopping the vehicle. A profile based on a vehicle`s and occupants similarity to known drug courier activity can provide the basis for a stop, and cars that are routinely searched in some states. However, profiles create easy opportunities for what as been termed as race profiling. This is stopping of vehicles based on race or ethnicity of their occupants. The police for instance know that they can stop Latinos in old, beat-up cars in farming areas and sharply increase the production (Michael & Crank, 2010, p. 74).
The focus of police commanders is a good example for those in authority and how they execute their powers. This also focuses on ethics in police organizations and thus considers this not to start from the street level; properly applied, it begins at the level of administration and command, where leaders teach by example. Commanders teach best by involving officers in decision making process through the example they set in making decisions. Without these elements, all the ethics training in the world is worthless (Perez and Backhurst, 2011, p. 67).
There are many public voices, and the respectable citizens including legislators who encourage the police to be tougher than the wrong doers. This is to step over the line if that is what it takes to do something about crime, to do what it takes to win the war on crime. In addition, ethics, come from the way, the police and the public share similar dreams, struggle though ordinary problems, and seek peace and happiness in life. There is believe in the noble cause, but noble cause corruption breaks the bond that links the police to those who they administer to. Reformers talk about police corruption meaning the illegal use of police authority or power for economic gain. According to recent research, many police ethics are concerned with grafting, and illegal economic gain, that is, free material- for instance; violence and corruption in the name law and order (Michael & Crank, 2010, p. 107).
Economic corruption is more felt and easy to identify. It has a historical background being a major corruption facing the police and the majority of individuals in authority. Noble cause corruption has been of increasing importance. This has made it difficult to talk about and treat. These kinds of the acts are noble cause corruption. They are distinct to deal with since they are closely in line with the morality of the police. Moreover, they serve purposes that the police tend to acknowledge. However, when the consequences occur, the damage to the person impugned by a police officer may be crucial, ending up in jail or prison (Perez and Backhurst, 2011, p. 69).
In order to understand these ethics, at times we need to draw lines for the individual officer; this means that we have rules and regulations to the officers. These problems that police face in their line of duty such as spending sleepiness nights, terms of stress they face, unpleasant media attentions the public creates about the police, and other internal affairs within the police force like fiction with supervisors and increased difficulties in gaining promotion. These problems may make a police create a noble-cause corruption since they suffer from a great deal of job related stress. Sometimes they seek for retirement in order to evade some of these stresses form job (Bachman, and Schutt, 2010, p. 93).
On the other hand, the seniors like the mangers are faced by a stark disbelief, a denial followed by lose of esteem and frustrations. Therefore, many of the police ethics are a clear cut and hold a little room for serious philosophical analysis. For example, one would have a hard time making a rational defense of police officers stealing. In addition, we account mistakes on how the police ethics is taught and learned since it involves making assumptions. All the police ethical issues have force, time, discretion, loyalty, and other issues which are considered complex. As a result to delay, formal approaches of police academics and police rules books are often done. These will have a list of the ethical behaviors which the police are expected to follow. These will tend to eliminate polices culture that have been at the time created (Bachman, and Schutt, 2010, p. 101).
Consequently, we manage to see the thinking about the police ethical dilemmas. They are sometimes faced with many hard decisions to make when it comes to determining which among them is the most appropriate. This makes the police officers think ethically about their work. This is usually brought about by the fact that we develop an understanding of the police, in term of what they do, and why they do it. But it is still not clear since we get some challenges on the way we think about the police about a variety of issues (Parez, 2010, p. 109).
Moreover, by going through police ethics, we develop to understand the police offers that they are, and they should be; the morals the police should have to that they should not have. This provides a clear basis to the reason why the police at time involve in the noble cause corruptions. Despite the fact that police are responding to changes in the urban and rural in terms of implementing community policing (Michael & Crank, 2010, p. 124).
However, noble cause corruption cab viewed in terms of ethicists call to end the earlier discussed dilemmas. In this essence, we see how justice system creates pressure to de-emphasize police concern over the due administrative guidelines and process laws that emphasize criminal justice. The noble cause corruption is a core of many police well-established problems. Where the noble cause corruptions are a wide spread, the police culture on the other hand, acts as a shield to protect officers from over sight. The consequences of noble cause corruptions are; insularity, secrecy and lose of legitimacy (Parez, 2010, p. 110).
On the other side, of assholes and bad guys; they may provide improper information and mislead the police. This is viewed as a crime too as per the police acts. In addition, the assholes and the bad guys could corrupt the police knowing the consequences of law breaking (Parez, 2010). Hence the police forces in the United States are faced with numerous problems in their line of duty; these problems were in many forms by 1980s. However, payment of tribes across all levels of police departments enabled racketeering to flourish. Officers received grafts from illicit activities such as prostitution, gambling and illegal liquor sales. Corruption flourished inside department, as well. Officers routinely purchased promotions and preferred assignments. Police were the crime problem in the era (Parez, 2010, p 121).
Corruption was closely tied to local political machines. Officers were hired for their loyalties to a particular party. In return, they were some time expected to assist in electioneering fraud, assuring that the party was re-elected to the office. Party machines, often as intimately tied to local graft as they were police, turned a blind eye to the problem of police corruption (Parez, 2010, p. 123).
In 1980s, there was progress to improve police efficiency and morality into local, municipal governance. Progressive reformers sought to reduce political influence by making police agencies more independent of machine politics. The International Association of Chief of Police (IACP), founded in 1893 as the voice of police professionalism, represented the influence of the progressive in the police reforms. One of its reforms was to control behaviors of the police by implementing policies to be followed in the police force. Despite these reforms, the professionalism made changes in most departments. These reforms made a create progress in united states it tried reduced noble cause corruption, thus impacting a positive significant effect to the police force (Michael & Crank, 2010, p. 207).
It is of significance to talk about economic corruption than noble cause corruption. Economic corruption is normally expressed in terms of criminal acts and out-showed in terms of the slippery slope small crimes; provide evidence for more serious crimes such as drug dealing on cash. Economic corruption can be associated with a term like “rotten apples” (a maxim for bad police) thus we have to look for the cause of crime in the nature of police work and the kind of people who are drawn to the policing (Banks, 2012, p. 66).
Proper understanding of the police morality and ethics begins with understanding that they are value based decision makers. Therefore, they are strongly affected by the values and beliefs that are characterized by their upbringing. The main components valued based decision making are the noble cause and two of its basic, occupational elements. These can be denoted by the “smell of the victims blood” and the tower.” The responsibility of command in the noble cause corruption is an important aspect that is worthy to be looked into. This is achieved through the development of value based decision making and the noble cause (Banks, 2012, p. 86).
The smell of the Victim’s blood
The police officers are much aware of victims of noble cause pollution. This is an aspect of policing that many reformers do not take into account. This is one of the major components of the noble cause corruption. Police are resolutely focused on the effects of crime for victims. The officers` quietness helps the victim to gain emotional and psychological support. The term “smell of victim`s blood” denotes the image of the police officers at work. Therefore, the officers know the limitations of flesh under physical assault from a knife. They also acknowledge the limitations concerning defense mechanisms from the victim like sue of a gun. Consequently, to ignore the dimension of violence is to fail to take into account the roots of brutality. If we do not recognize that police smell the victim`s blood, then we have no expectation to manage the use of violence by police. The victim`s blood assembles them. If we do not take this into consideration, then we pave ways from noble cause violence ((Michael & Crank, 2010, p. 98).
The true nature of police work is in the service of the noble cause. The tower is a metaphor with substance. This means that the police are willing to put their lives on the line of strangers. It takes courage, an attraction to the willingness for the police to work on unpredictable situations. It also involves belief that they can survive substantial danger. All these themes come together in the tower. The tower acts out the noble cause. They are contributing to the society by putting their lives in line since they do not take chances which could go wrong. Therefore, the police mythologies are killed resulting to transparency in the police force. In addition, the myth of the police tries to view the critical issues in the police force; for example issues that come when the police are killed by the bad guys in the streets. As a result of these, the police force has gained stability and reduced the noble cause corruptions (Michael & Crank, 2010, p. 92).
The hiring process is of much concern and should be discussed. In most departments, the process is a collection of complicated procedures that converge on a simple course. That is the hiring of officers is done through consideration on those having certain values. Hiring is based on values in the process that are aimed to ensure the recruits carry morals sympathetic to the noble cause. Police are the value-based decision makers, and this indicates that the organization is no longer the means to carry out the noble cause. The organization is a problem, referring to being in line with an officer in secrecy. The police become secretive regarding their actions and consider their actions correct which many times in untrue (Michael & Crank, 2010, p. 99).
The noble cause should be carried out in a way that the organization should first be understood as a tool of making plans. It should work to budget, develop strategies, develop community contacts, and build relations with other justice organizations. However, the police observe this as irrelevant as they are held back by their commanders from promotions and punishing them from being much aggressive. Considerably, every single mistake does not go unpunished. The quality of command decision making in most police departments is of the highest quality as it emphasizes individual assessment. There is a need to establish good communication network between the police officers and the commanders. They need to be good role models, not in their offices but in the streets where it counts much (Michael & Crank, 2010, p. 103).
In conclusion, the organization and the law are the means and morality, especially the noble cause, is the end. Currently the organization is not the means of morality. It has greatly interfered with the quality ends of achieving authority objectives. Traditional ways of controlling an organization are outmoded and does not work for problems of noble cause corruption. Therefore, there is a need to develop new ways of dealing with line officers by the commanders. In addition, the use of traditional ways of administering noble cause corruption is an obstacle to knowing the problems of noble cause corruption.
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