Different theories have been developed in a bid to acquire equality in organizations, increase efficiency of the workers and accountability especially among supervisors. These theories were developed by different scientific managers such as Weber, Fayol and Taylor with each person trying to prove the functionality of their theories. Taylors one best way involved specialization and division of labor among employees with each worker being trained on a specific task that would be well suited to them.
These theories have been beneficial in public organizations as they are used in explaining the actions of supervisors, employees and managers. Webber’s theory on bureaucracy has been used by organizations in explaining their nature structure and manner of authority to reduce conflicts and increase efficiency (Merz, 2011). Public organizations use this theory in determination of its chain of command as a hierarchy of administration is implemented thus enhancing accountability.
Taylors one best way can be analyzed as theory focused on increasing efficiency in public organizations as workers are trained on one task which is predefined. This helps in increasing the productivity a theory which has highly been used in manufacturing organizations such as the automobile industry. The theory on administrative management has been highly used in public organizations as it enhances organization of duties within the firms by the functions thus formations of units. This reduces replication of efforts or overlapping duties thus increasing accountability (Adetule, 2011).
Clarification of duties through development of lines of authority is also essential in public organizations as it increases accountability among managers such as definition of duties within the city council, improvement of the economy and social work. Public organizations require development of internal and rational goal models which involves effective planning and controlling of the goals through standardization of units and workers. This is evident in the judiciary as cases and rulings are standardized avoiding cases of biasness.
Merz, F. (2011). Max Weber's Theory of Bureaucracy and its Negative Consequences. München: GRIN Verlag GmbH.
Adetule, J. (2011). Handbook on management theories. Bloomington: Author House.
Davis, C. R. (1996). Organization theories and public administration. Westport, Ct: Praeger.