- Analysing the DRI report of the fast food intake, it shows that;
- Majority of the micronutrient intake are below the 50% value of the DRI except 5 micronutrients which are above (iProfile, 2011).
- Thoses micronutrients are; Vit A (5%), Vit D (15%), vit E (4.0%), Niacin (47%), Pantothenic Acid (23%), pyridoxine (38%), folate (38%), vit B12 (40%), potassium (20%), Calcium (38%), magnesium (26%), and zinc (40%).
- Out of that 5 micronutrients, 2 were too high than the required intake: Those that are above the average are: Vitamin C (105%) and Sodium (120%). (iProfile, 2011).
In situation like this where majority of the micronutrient are too lower than DRI, the food that can be change to achieve the goal and keep other balance are;
- Orange Florida, Subway vegetable Beef Soup, Subway Cream of Broccoli Soup,
- Wendy's Chicken Nuggets and Burger King Whopper with cheese.
- The fibre content of whole fruit is more than that of fruit juice; this is as a result of the presence of skin and some other part of the fruit that contribute to the fibre content
- The calorie content of the fruit juice is more than that of whole fruit; this is as a result of various additives that are usually used to make the juice and most fruit usually contain small amount of real juice compare to the whole juice.
Relationship between the energy balance and weight management
- The major relationship is that the energy balance is the key to weight control and management.
Insufficiency or excessive amount of food nutrient lead to disorganized body function
- For instance, shortage amount of protein for a consistent period of time would lead to problem with growth while excessive amount of carbohydrates or fats could lead to increased amount of calories in the body, hence increase in the weight of the individual.
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Retrieved 8 May, 2011 from http://www.foodpolitics.com/wp-content/uploads/fast-food.pdf
Fleischhacker, et al., (2010). A systematic review of fast food access studies. Obesity Reviews.
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Retrieved 8 May, 2011 from http://www.livestrong.com/article/253882-mineral-iron-in-foods/
Main, E. (2010). Four ways to Order Low-Sodium Fast Food. RODALE.
Retrieved 8 May, 2011 from http://www.rodale.com/fast-food-sodium
MIT, (2005). Best Foods for Specific Vitamins. Optimizing your diet.
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USDA, (2010). Energy Balance and Weight Management (2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee). Nutritional Evidence Library.
Retrieved 8 May, 2011 from http://www.nutritionevidencelibrary.com/topic.cfm?cat=3124