Question A, 1.
When voting for constituency representatives to the Congress, citizens should prefer trustees over delegates. When representing the people, trustees apply their knowledge and wisdom to determine what is the best way to help develop or improve the lives of his constituents. The constituents forward their interests and concerns to the representatives and the representative prioritizes the concerns and acts upon them according to the approach he finds best suitable to approach the issue. Delegates on the other hand represent their constituents in the exact manner that the constituents want their concerns to be addressed. They relay the concerns of their constituents and push for them to be implemented as the constituent’s desire and not as they think would be appropriate. This makes it difficult to make worthwhile changes to the lives of the people since the people elect the representative with the hope that he will help them improve their lives as he is more knowledgeable than they are.
Trustees rely on their understanding of what is best and apply the best approach to tackle issues while delegates do not go beyond the expectations of the people. Trustees do not fear losing their seats in re-elections since they are sure that whatever they do is for the benefit of the people based on their understanding. Delegates are always afraid of doing things based on their understanding to avoid going against the desires of their constituents so that they can retain their seats in re-elections (Hamilton, 2005, p. 94).
Question B, 2.
The requirements for one to be the president of the United States are; one should have attained the age of 35 years which is the compulsory minimum for anyone to vie for the seat. There is however no maximum age limit after which one can be barred from vying for the presidency. So far, the youngest person to be elected to the presidency was John F. Kennedy who was 43 years when he was inaugurated in 1963. The oldest president to hold office was Ronald Reagan who left the presidency at almost 77 years in 1988.
The other requirement is that one should be an American native-born citizen. One must have been born to parents who are U.S citizens to be eligible to vie for the presidency. Those born of U.S parents living abroad at the time they were born are also eligible to vie for the seat although there have been controversies over whether such individuals should be allowed to vie or not. The last requirement is that an individual should have lived in the U.S for at least 14 years. There are however differences over whether the 14 years should be consecutive and whether they should be exactly prior to seeking the presidency or how exactly the years are to be determined to allow one vie. The requirement that should be mandatory according to my opinion is that one should be qualified in the fields of either law or public administration. This can ensure that the presidents elected are well versed with the management and leadership of the country as this position requires a person who can effectively take charge of the affairs of the country (Rossum and Tarr, 2010, p. 89).
Question C, 2.
The appointment of judges requires a person to be well versed in the field of law. Law as a course is extensive and covers many aspects ranging from finance, administration, the constitution among others. This enables graduates of law to effectively determine what a suitable course of action should be in cases that are presented before them. Persons who have not trained in law may rely upon their wisdom to make judgments but this may not be sufficient in determining cases of a technical nature such as those that may require an individual to provide evidence beyond reasonable doubt.
Experts in law can easily evaluate the cases before them to determine what evidence they should seek from those presenting the case based upon the provisions made by the constitution. Those unaware of what the constitution and the law provide may not be able to effectively protect the rights of all parties in a case and hence hand wrong judgments (Hamilton, 2005, p. 127).
Hamilton, J. (2005). Branches of government. Edina, Minn: ABDO Pub.
Rossum, R. A., & Tarr, G. A. (2010). American constitutional law. Boulder: Westview Press.