This essay discusses restrictions imposed on the people of China, which stipulated that many couples were forbidden to have more than one child. The essay covers why and when the measure was introduced, the ethics of such a policy and when it might be relaxed. Further, alternative policies are considered, as are the outcomes of the existing policy.
Background to the Policy
The Chinese government’s policy of restricting couples to having just one child was announced in 1979 because the government was seriously concerned about the population explosion. One outcome of the earlier Marxist doctrine prevailing in China was that in the latter ...