Ramses II was a renowned pharaoh of Egypt and he was formally famous for his greatness, authoritative command and several armed expeditions. His reigned lasted for over 60 years between 1290-1224 Before Christ. He acquiredthe status of pharaoh when he was just 24years old and Greeks call him Sesostris. Seti I was his father and Queen Tuya happened to be his loving mother and had a brother who died at an early age. His well know wives were Nefetari, Princess from Katti, Maetnefure and Istnofret and he had many children and on record the number appeared is over 200. The early years of his sovereignty were mostly spent in making numerous remarkable monuments, holy places for worship, development of infrastructure and cities. He not only pursued the construction projects of his father but also initiated many new building projects like; Pi-Ramesses, Ramesseum, Memphis, Abu Simbel and many other great constructions that were masterpieces and acknowledged worldwide for unique architecture design.
He played pivotal role in defending the boundaries of Egypt and fought to conquest the lost territories. He had a large army and was a symbol of huge strength of Egyptians to keep the enemies at distance. He conquered the land of Nubian, Libya, Hittite; more than three campaigns were set to Syria and kept revolts under suppression. The Syria showed insurgence during sethi I and within the period of four years after Ramses II put on the throne status they fought once again to get liberation from Egyptian authority. Same situation happened in the state of Libya and showed even greater degree of aggression compared to Syrians. They even betrayed the Egyptians convoys in the time of peace and complete authority dominance of Egyptians. Hittite turned out even the worst and toughest enemy for Egyptians and Ramses II had to endeavored a great war session to stop them from intruding into the territory of Egypt. The series of operations were set to conquer Syria and the very first started in 4th year of his sovereignty. It proved to be a very hostile move and provoked a challenge for the Hittite to defend their control over the state of Syria .Ramses II came up with army of twenty thousand armed men and was faced by Muwatalli II then king of Hittite with more than forty thousand troops of men and it was fought on the land of kadesh. This war had been best recorded fight in the history of ancient reigns. Ramses committed a strategic mistake by dividing his troops and one those got brushed away and many technical mistakes were made by the rival side as well. This battle proved worthless for both the sides and therefore no one official won this battle. But on his return to Egypt he declared it as an incredible victory and engraved his success stories in numerous temples. He defended the coastal areas by fighting strategically against the sea pirates and deployed his forces at critical points. He tremendously influenced and brought back the religious principle that were lost because of Aton God reign.
Ramses II celebrated his splendid supremacy with name of Sed event and he was given the status of formal God thereafter he empowered his followers and was being worshiped.
Ramses faced sever health issues during the last 20 years of his life and suffered from spine swelling and arthritis and he died at the age of ninety years. His 13th son performed his last funeral formalities. His mummy and treasure transferred to several places in order to protect the mummy from grave thieves. His mummy was recovered in 1881 from Deir-el-Medina and was finally placed in museum of Cairo and Egyptians proudly put his mummy to exhibitions.