Evidences in recent times have revealed that type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is associated with several forms of microvascular and macrovascular events which occur overtime. These pathophysiologic changes influences the patients vessels and other organs of the body and one of the resultant effects which mostly associates with the condition is that of the cardiovascular system. These in most situations remain a major source of concern to the affected individual. The changes are from the line of thrombotic aftermath is a pathologic problem which caused by accumulation of fatty tissues and cells within the blood vessels.
Once this form of pathologic accumulation of fatty tissue occurs, the subsequent problem is that which relates to the normal flow of the blood to or from the right location. It is important to also note that there are some other factors which plays a major role in the pathophysiology of the condition. This is the aspect of the insulin-mediated glucose uptake all which contributes to the development of the condition.
Educating the patient on the role of diet in pathophysiological changes relating to type 2 diabetes mellitus is an important aspect of the therapeutic consideration in helping the patient to understand the issues surrounding the condition and what needs to be done to live healthy with the condition. From the aspect of the pathophysiologic mechanisms, there are enhancements of the atherosclerosis and induction of procoagulation tendency that is all relating to the issues from the condition. The patient will be informed about the thrombotic events and macrovascular diseases that develop with the type 2 DM over a certain period. If these changes are not controlled over that period of the development with the needed medications, another condition that worsen the health of the patient will then result hence worsening the lifestyle of the patient. Professionally, there are certain weapons that are used to manage the type 2 DM. These are the lifestyle, diet and level of physical activities the patient get involved in. In helping to manage this patient, I will strongly inform him to follow certain dietary protocols that will not accumulate body fats or increase the level of glucose.
Since we have the understanding of the role of the condition in contributing to the blockage of the normal blood flow, associated risks can be highlighted. The practical measures that the patient can take are to avoid the diets high in cholesterol or refined sugar. Since such diets increase the level of blood glucose or cholesterol, reducing the consumption of such will help reduce the risks. One major problem with such is that if it is being consumed at higher level, they tend to accumulate inside the blood vessels thus affecting the lumen and amount of blood that will get to the tissues. The implication of this is that the volume of oxygen or nutrients that need to be carried to the tissues will be reduced. The implication of this is that there could
Ali, A (2004). Type 2 Diabetes: Epidemiologic Trends, Evolving Pathogenic Concepts, and Recents Changes in Therapeutic Approach. Medscape. Multispecialty.
Retrieved 26 Febuary from www.medscape.com/viewarticle/494580_3
Scheen AJ. (2003). Pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. Pubmed.
Retrieved 26 Febuary from www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/15068125