The manifestation of criminal behavior has been subject to philosophical and scientific annotations with projections of divergent mannerism made towards the contribution. It is essential to understand that criminal behavior must be rooted from something. Consequently, several theories have been projected in an attempt to explain the causation of criminality.
In the view of these theories, the criminal behavior is a culmination of heredity thus can be passed from parent to children (Mancini et al., 2012). The theories project that the causation of criminality is solely rested on the physical attributes that are transmitted to the child at birth. These attributes were considered to have a major bearing on the infusion of criminal behavior. In this view, ugliness, deformities, and other forms of disability were some of the physical attributes associated with crime. For example, the child of a criminal had realistic chances of seizing the opportunity to continue in the footsteps of the criminal parent.
The theories attempt to find the links between the societal factors and criminal manifestation. In the view of the theories, there is undue pressure from the society for success. However, the social disadvantages imply that members are subjected to varied fates thus different opportunities to achieve the social values. The discrepancies might lead to unorthodox means of achieving the goals thus the indulgence in criminal behavior (Chadee et al., 2015). For instance, the value of being rich might be tempting, but the chances are unrealistic to some people thus they might resort to crime to achieve the social value.
The theories assert that certain psychological orientations determine the degree of criminal behavior. The theories attempted to create the link between antisocial personalities, intelligence, and psychopathy to criminality (Chadee et al., 2015). It found that low intelligence and antisocial behavior had a significant bearing on crime.
In my view, the theories are intertwined as the criminal attributes indiscriminately manifests in personality and heredity. For instance, an antisocial character might have criminal parents. In this case, the person is faced with hereditary criminal ambiance as well as psychological attributes. Equally, this individual might come from a socially disadvantaged family thus be subject to social pressure to overcome the odds.
Chadee, D., Surette, R., Chadee, M., & Brewster, D. (2015). Copycat Crime Dynamics: The Interplay of Empathy, Narrative Persuasion and Risk With Likelihood to Commit Future Criminality. Psychology of Popular Media Culture.
Mancini, C., Mears, D. P., Stewart, E. A., Beaver, K. M., & Pickett, J. T. (2012). Whites' Perceptions About Black Criminality: A Closer Look at the Contact Hypothesis. Crime & Delinquency, 61(7), 996-1022.