Type of False Confession (1)
With regards to the false confession applied in this particular case, it is reasonable to conclude on the fact that voluntary false and internalized confessions have been perpetrated by the alleged delinquent. The aforementioned conclusion bases on the analysis of the fact, with a particular focal point placed on the internal decision of the questioned person. The employees of the penitentiary institution did not exercise excessive physical or mental pressure over him. Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that the decision to deliver false confession was dictated by the internal motives on the first two suspects (Douglas Firemnon and the unnamed 17 years old suspect) This type of situation qualifies under the standards of voluntary false confession. The third suspect was convinced by the law enforcement agents and genuinely believed that he committed the crime, what qualify under the standards of internalized false confession.
The Role of Psychological Aspects (2)
As far as this particular instance and the psychological attitudes of the officers are concerned, several important aspects are to be related. Analyzing the aspects connected with the psychological reactions demonstrate by the law enforcement practitioners in the course of seven psychological perspectives analysis, several important conclusions can be withdrawn. First and foremost, emotional bias is clearly present among the members of this professional community. It has been empirically surveyed that law enforcement officers become professionally emotionally biased towards the detained criminals. The practice illustrates that an uncontrolled outburst of anger and aggressive has become common among the police officers. Secondly, the importance of motivational bias shall not be underestimated as well, because it clearly distorts the proper seven psychological perspective approaches.
Practice Areas of the Psychologists (4)
Analyzing the four areas of psychological work in the law enforcement paradigm, they are typically defined as follows. Primarily, the police psychologists are required to detect intentional or inadvertent deception perpetrated by the interrogated persons. For instance, they could identify that Douglas and the unnamed suspects clearly delivered false statements to them. The second mission is linked to the investigative interviewing, meaning that they are required to conduct customized interviews with the participants of the criminal procedure (Serin, 2011). Thirdly, the criminal psychologists are required to analyze the statements delivered by the alleged delinquents or other participants of the criminal procedure. In the case with Douglas and his alleged accomplices, their mission is to analyze the veracity and trustworthiness of the delivered statements, concluding on their applicability for the needs of a particular investigation. Moreover, in this segment of the law enforcement psychological activities the general conclusion regarding the credibility of the involved individual is made. Finally, an important aspect of their activity is that the analysis of behavioral crime patterns. In this case, they should have reached the conclusion that the crime was not committed by the questioned subjects, and the behavior of Douglas and his associates did not qualify as demeanor typical for the delinquents.
Similarities and Differences between Revised legal attitudes scale and Juror Bias Scale (5)
With regard to the similarities and differences between the revised legal attitude scale and the juror bias scale in this particular case the following conclusions have been made (Serin et al, 2011). Firstly, the revised legal attitude scale is advisory in to nature, the juror bias scale is mandatory for the participants the particular criminal investigation. Secondly, in the case of Douglas and his associates, the attention of the United States law enforcement communities is clearly more focused on the juror bias scale. The wrongful interpretation thereof may result in the successful appeal of the defendant, while the revised legal attitude scale does not provide this option (Serin et al,2011). Finally, the revised legal attitude scale is well-structured.
Credibility of the Witness (7)
The analysis of the witness credibility is typically made on the several factors. Firstly, the biographies the jurors must carefully analyzed the biographies. Secondly, a typical witness is asked with several inquisitive questions, which are of no practical relevance for this criminal investigation, but which help to find out whether the witness is prone for perjury. The questions that are most typical to be replied to with the untruthful answers are asked and the respective conclusions are made (Serin et al, 2011). Finally, coherence and cohesion of his narration are analyzed in order to conclude on the veracity thereof. In this case, it is especially important to highlight, that the attitudes of the prospective jurors towards Douglas and his associates could have been distorted and biased.
Serin, R., Forth, A., Brown, S., Nunes, K., Bennell, C., & Pozzulo, J. (2011). Psychology of criminal behaviour: A Canadian perspective. Toronto: Pearson Canada.