The Maslow`s Hierarchy of needs and the Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory illustrates that human nature in terms of needs, wants and behavior is always very diverse. In which case, they show that it is very important to keep on motivating them every moments of their lives to ensure that the best comes out of them. Motivation also becomes relevant when we know what needs to give a priority of which other ones. This makes it possible for the business to experience a high productivity when they motivate the workers. It allows the academic world to have highly excelling students when the academic institutions motivate the students. Motivation makes the soldiers to endure and give out their best despite the harsh and cruel conditions. Therefore, this paper is in the defense of Maslow hierarchy of needs theory and the Herzberg two factor theory also giving the examples where the two theories are being put into practice.
Defending the Maslow`s Hierarchy of needs
Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory has been one of the renowned motivational theories. This theory that was developed by Abraham Maslow captures five levels of hierarchy of needs that every human being always strive to accomplish or conquer thought their livelihood. The needs first begin with the physiological needs such as shelter, thirst and hunger. The needs are moved upwards in a pyramid shape through to the social, safety and the esteem needs to the ultimate needs of self-actualization. This is a very important theory to defend since it captures the undeniable reality that faces every human being and so there is a need to at all tines considers that every human are able to access the basic needs. This is a theory that is worth using while formulating the government policies and also while considering the way in which companies and organizations should pay and handle their employees (Montana & Charno, 2008)
The practical application of this theory is very evident when different governments are budgeting for their respective nations. The budget is always focused on first solving the most basic and urgent needs of the society based on their priorities and also how they would create an impact in the future. This is not only limited to the governments alone but also narrows down to nearly all institutions, companies or even at an individual level. The Maslow’s theory of needs to my defense is very real and very practical that no existing facts can dispute. It is so logical that one cannot budget to own a car if they can afford to satisfy the basic needs like food, shelter and clothing.
The Maslow’s theory of need is also a very relevant and important theory since it gives the world a clearly picture on how individuals and institutions ought to prioritize their needs. It also therefore guides them on how to budget appropriately for them. analyzing the Maslow’s hierarchy of need for the pyramid point of view or rather the pyramid shape theory, it shows that some needs ought to be satisfied first before satisfying others since the needs vary in urgency and in importance and so the most important ,basic and urgent needs takes the first priorities in that order until the last needs (Schermerhorn, 2010).
This can also be seen from the examples of the charity organizations who always first consider the first things a priority to first provide food, shelter and clothing to the target groups before considering the other important needs that they may also be in urgent need of.it is therefore clear that the Maslow’s theory of needs is not only a valid theory but also a very important and relevant theory based on the aforementioned evidences for the defense of the theory.
Defending the Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory
The Herzberg`s Two factors theory is formulated to divide motivation and job satisfaction into two main factorial groups known as the hygiene factors and the motivation factors. Based on the theory, the motivating factors are outlined as the following six factors which are also called the job content factors and so they include; recognition, achievement, responsibility, the work itself, advancement, responsibility, and also the possibility of growth. On the other side, the hygiene factors are also referred to the job context factors and they comprise of the relationship with supervision, the relationship with peers, the company policies, the salary, relationship with the subordinate , one’s personal life, the status and the job security. This theory describes both the intrinsic and also the extrinsic job motivators (Daft, 2008).
The two factor theory is a very helpful and also a very relevant theory in the current job market and also in the current world with the changing trends in business and also in the economic zones. This theory is highly being employed while training the managers and leaders in various fields since it is very key to management and also to leadership. This fact can be supported by the root premise of the Two Factor Theory in which a manager or an employer trying to increase the job satisfaction and the ultimate m job performance for a coworker or an employee (Davies et al, 2008). The key thing is to address the specific factors that often affect the job satisfaction of an employee or the coworker.
In support of this theory, it also helps to increase the levels of ethics in the job settings and also creates a strong mutuality and moral understanding within the organizational set up. It is a theory that builds the quest to protect and honor human dignity even at the work places and so this is a theory worth defending. Any firm or organization which applies this theory therefore is an organization that is likely to encounter a high performance among the stuff that they have employed due to a high motivation at the work place.
In conclusion, the Herzberg`s Two factors theory and Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory are very theories that have changed the world in so many avenues. The theories, for instance the Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory have shade light to the society in terms of placing the order of needs in their relevant priorities. On the other hand, The Herzberg`s Two factors theory have also created a massive impact in training and changing face of the corporate world. Therefore in defense of the two theories, I highly recommend them to be taught in the day to day academic curriculum. This will help to inculcate the positive values of the awareness of human dignity and also creates a sense of responsibility in the corporate world. These are very wonderful theories that I still believe can see the world a better place when put into practice in the everyday livelihood.
Montana, P. J., & Charnov, B. H. (2008). Management. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's Educational Series.
Daft, Richard L., and Patricia G. Lane. 2008. The leadership experience. Mason, OH: Thomson/South-Western.
Davies, Sandi J., and Christopher A. Hertig. 2008. Security supervision and management the theory and practice of asset protection. Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann/Elsevier. http://site.ebrary.com/id/10408165.
Schermerhorn, John R. 2010. Management. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.