The literature review below examines initiatives that have highest impacts on reducing health disparities in rural areas. Different researches have been carried out concerning health disparities. Proper review of past literature would be extremely informative.
In research carried out by indicated that rural communities in US are burdened by more health disparities results and are thus are racially and economically deprived leading to them being isolated socially with minimal access to limited health resources. Although Cunnings had uncertainty about how different geographical areas can have impacts on health disparities, he found out by creating better health facilities in rural areas will improve health outcomes and thus reducing the health disparities in rural areas. The research also shows that urban areas in US had less health disparities as there were better health facilities. He concluded on need to improve the health provision in rural areas to curb health disparities experienced due to difference in geographical areas.
According to , he emphasizes on use of strategies that will generally improve rural communities’ conditions that has a direct impact on improving individual health. He shows that structural factors outside rural areas generally influence rural areas health. The poor structural factors in rural areas caused disparities in rural areas. This structural strategy includes economic and social factors that go beyond the public health areas. The structural capacity required for strengthening the rural community health is a long term goal. He concluded that proper strategies should consider both individual behavior change of people in rural areas and other factors that affects community conditions e.g. education, housing, transportation, use of land and community development are well engaged towards achieving improved health in rural areas.
Cummings, D. M. (2008). Disparities in Mammography sreening in rural areas: Analysis of county differtences in North Carolina. The Journal of Rural Health .
Paul Campbell, E. (2010). Health Disparities in Rural areas: The interaction of race, socialeconomic status and Geography. The Journal of Health care for poor and undeserved , vol 21, 27-44.