Social, economic and cultural environments are associated in one way or another with rates of happenings and incidences. Everything we do in our social lives is in one way or another connected to psychology. What is learnt in psychology is in connected to areas in other subjects. When examining the principles that define the analysis socio-cultural level, we must see how the studies and theories and therefore relate to principles. We must also be able to identify the principles that are demonstrated in both “Social Identity theory” by Tafjel and Social Learning theory by Bandura, and we must be able to figure out if these principles are demonstrated. A social-cultural analysis study engages learners when examining socio-cultural systems as well as the phenomena across the cultural diversities. This paper analyses the principles of socio-cultural levels and how they affect our social standard of living
Through social cultural principles, we learn how to use and evaluate theories and also conceptual frameworks shading a lot of light on the behavior of human as far as social contexts are concerned through a historical perspective and cross cultural. This encompasses behavioral analysis in roles, for instance a member of the community, a member of the family, producer and consumer. The study of these principles enables people to have sufficient knowledge of social cultural systems in due time as well as across the world. They also enable people to employ and describe conceptual and/or theoretical frameworks and disciplinary methods when understanding human behaviors as far as social contexts are concerned. The principles imperative since they enable us to understand better the partial nature of the said frameworks. Through them, we are able to evaluate and review the claims attached to human behavior in socio-cultural context. In various roles, we are enabled to evaluate the effects of behaviors, for instance like a member of a community, a member of the family, a producer and a consumer through historical and cross cultural perspectives. We are also capable of demonstrating analysis skills, visions, goals, and also the General Education outcome.
When people attend parties, the extent of the determination as to who they socialize with is a puzzle. One can argue that it is because of the kind of people they are while others will reiterate that it is the kind of situation which they find themselves in, which will determine. Others will say that it is both. Well then they are right according to the socio-cultural principles. These principles reveal that, when the people’s behaviors are attributed, to their internal characteristics, they make dispositional attribution. Therefore, disposition refers to a person’s personality, beliefs and attitudes. When attributing to external factor a person’s behavior, like immediate punishments and rewards, in a social pressure or social settings, a situational attribution is being made. Generally, the socio-cultural principles tend to emphasize some of the dispositional explanations whereas in the other hand, social psychologists reveal preferences of situational explanations. Personality is usually defined in traits’ terms. There is a disposition of behaving in a certain way due to a range of situations which are similar. For instance, if one is high on an anxiety trait, he will behave anxiously in a variety like setting like interviews, exams, or when meeting strangers. Therefore, from the socio-cultural principles, his anxiety exhibits what is known as the cross situation consistency since it shows stability with time. If one is anxious today, he will be anxious also next year, and the next year and beyond. However, as said by trait theories, there is far consistency evidence in behavior. In relation to the situation which occurs, its cause should be well sought externally rather than internally. Social psychology approaches many problems which are related in social science disciples. Historically, the social psychology developed the same time both psychology and sociology (Sherif. M, p9)
Many scientists and philosophers think that social and cultural level of analysis is reducible to the actions and also inter-actions of the individuals. The main sense that they are real is subjective, human creations. Social and cultural are psychological in nature, and they can be reduced to their bases of neurobiological as mental phenomena. The level of organization in both social and cultural will be collectively called the sociocultural and no assumptions should be made that all the levels are only limited to humans. The effective way of exploring the issue of phenomena of sociocultural are incredible is by looking at this in relatively with new science of sociobiology. Sociobiology is known as the systematic study of biological basis of the sociocultural behavior in all the living organisms including the humans. The main concern of sociobiologists is to finding the genetic foundation to all the social behavior. Sociobiologists assert that the genes are the only decisive causal factors in all the social activity (Jones. H, Pg 193-194)
Levels of analysis encompass the lower end in the neurosciences whereas in social psychology they may capture the higher end of the group or individual within a sociocultural system. The study of elements of the system for this reason may produce the eloquent descriptions while failing short of the useful and also comprehensive explanation. The other reason which multilevel the analyses of the complex social and the behavioral problems, may tend to be integrative to each level of organization which constitutes a particular representation which examines human behavior and mentation( Higgins, p 14)
In our social lives we should do things that will not affect us psychologically. People think differently and we should not judge them according to their behavioral characters. When we look at the philosophers and scientists of this world, they are giving us clear indications about social and cultural analysis on how we should relate to each other. People should fully understand the human behavior only if the social context is taken into account. Human are known to be social animals and they have a social self. People have both personal identity and a social or collective one. Lastly our thinking of behavior may be strongly be involved by memberships of a certain group.
Higgins, E. (2003). Social Psychology: A General Reader. Great Britain, Psychology Press.
Jones, H. (2000). Principles of sociocultural level of analysis. London, England:
Associated University Presses
Sherif, M. (1969). Interdisciplinary Relationship of Social Psychology and Levels of
Analysis. United States of America: Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data.