Prevention is better than cure a wise say goes. This is what researchers in this article opt to pass across to the people. They spent time researching on parent’s decisions on their children’s immunization. Research methodology used here is quantitative research; this is seen by the use of numerical data in providing information about the number of people with their opinions. Quantitative approach has also been employed, and it is evident in the procedures of data collection. The use of tables, calculation, numerical and focus groups proves that the quantitative research approach was employed.
Research is regarded as scientific when it adds new and meaningful knowledge to the field. It is clearly noted that Individual emotions and personal perception on risks and harm of disease to children affect immunization decisions among the parents.
This new knowledge is useful in psychology because it shapes and gives to the new direction in thinking. This is because it transforms human behavior by making people critically think and make rational decisions. It happens when a person’s mind is set to make the right and logical decisions and, therefore, changes the same person’s behavior. Psychologists greatly benefit from this knowledge since it gives them a different perception on how right decisions are made. This knowledge is also crucial in studying behavior of the people and understanding of their personalities. Psychologists will use this knowledge in giving directions to people who have weaknesses, for example, in making the right decisions. These decisions are later used to bring change in real life situation.
This research has brought forth a new theory which is very relevant in the field of psychology. This was arrived at after researchers did the series of activities gathering information in a systematic way following conventional procedures. Collection of information has been done under the required rules of scientific research.
Probability sampling has been applied in this article this is whereby researchers select sample that is representative to the population. Probability sampling increases the possibility of obtaining the right sample and provides credible results. There is application of Stratified random sampling procedure. Both sample and sampling procedure used are appropriate for quantitative research methodology.
Data collection procedure used here is the use of questionnaires this provide accurate and reliable information needed by the researchers. This is given to a group of people to fill all the information required as per researcher’s instructions. Telephone calls are also used to gather information. Data collection procedures used agreed to the methodology and approach
Data analysis procedures assist in getting data analysis that is used to tests the hypothesis. Statistical numerical data in our case has been employed and converted to scientific knowledge. The knowledge has later brought the relationship between the variables. This is finally where generalizations in research are arrived at, and a theory is then formulated. Data analysis procedures is in agreement with methodology and approach, this means that data analysis procedure is appropriate.
Findings from the research are that most people prefer to immunize their children at their early stages against diseases while others are against this idea. Individual perception on risk and harm of disease effects of immunization is another finding. It is found that those who immunize their children regret risk of harm after the inaction but do not regret on harm caused by action. Those who are against immunization suffer regret risk of harm after the action but do not suffer regret risk of harm caused by inaction. Concussions made are among; most parents immunize their children from diseases at their young age. Emotions are better determinants on decision about immunization. These conclusions made the researchers clearly give the answer to research question and also addressed the existing problem. I agree with this research because it meets the requirements of scientific research and its information gathered from real life situation.
Wroe. A. L. Turner N. & Salkovskis. P. M. (2004). Understanding and Predicting Parental Decisions about Early Childhood Immunizations. Health Psychology. (4thEd. New Zealand, Norton Company.