Egypt has the largest producer in the African continent and globally of long (LS) with the extra long staple (ELS) cotton, this accounted for the 50% of production in the world in the year 2008. This built a reputation brand for the quality of cotton. In addition, Egypt is vertically an integrated apparel and textile industry, 90 percent weaving and spinning companies which are publicly owned. It is over 10 years with over a growing number of the efficient companies that are private. Nevertheless, the sector has dominated the downstream industry with above 70% of the garment production. The government of Egypt also targets an encouragement of the private investments in the upstream industry and downstream industries. Moreover, it was in 2008 when textile and the apparel industry contributing to 5.6 percent of Egyptians GDP, 27 percent of the industrial production and 18 percent of the total commodity of non-oil exports. The population in Egypt has 30 percent of people employed thus contributing to the strength of development in 2008. Nevertheless, textile and apparel industry working forces that accounted for 25 percent of industrial labor force in 2008. Furthermore, Egypt’s had a labor force was competitively being priced to the regional countries.
On the other hand, the tourism industry in Egypt is considered as one of the major sector of Egypt’s economy. As a country considered being one of the most popular destination for tourist in the Middle East region, the outbound and inbound segments in the tourism sector have received a positive feedback on the growth of the industry as stated in the analysis by the tourism sector in Egypt despite the slow growth during global downtum. The countries inbound in tourism has been affected due to the current political status; however, the country expects to bounce back and regain its lost momentum. The government decided to adopt different types of initiatives to promote tourism such as positioning and branding of the country's name as the tourism hub, golden weeks, cultural promotion etc so as the sector widens and remain strong.Porter Five forces Radar Plot on Egypt’s tourism and textile industries
The textile and tourism industries are always dynamic in nature. There are many things that changed in the industries in Egypt. According to Porter (1985), the strength of the five competitive forces always determines the profitability of the industries due to the huge influence on the costs, prices, and investments that are required for firms and industries.
The textile and tourism industries bargaining powers by supplies are low, and having bulk purchases that are organized by retailers and suppliers possessing very little bargaining power in an organized retailing. Most of the retailers are engaging in a backward integration thus coming out with the private labels; therefore, they decrease the dependence on the traditional suppliers. The same industries have competitive rivalry which is moderated with very few national levels of players and the growth rate with the presence of the regional and the local players with high competition between national brands and the retailer’s brands.
Tourism industry in the next five years
In the following five years, vision framework preparations for development on the tourism sector will be based on the growth scenarios for Oman tourism sector. The packing of tourists specific products have and programmes have been recommended. Environmental, socio-cultural, and economic considerations in the tourism sector are always reviewed with recommendations that are made on the actions required for reinforcement and positive impacts thus reducing and preventing the negative ones. On the institutional matters, provincial organization on the tourism sector is recommended for facilitation of management and development of the sector, and private sector recommendations on approaches by the private sector organizations.Textile industry in the next five years
Throughout its existence, the Egyptian textile industry has undergone several challenges, from the start of the industry in the last century; the industry went through the public sector decline, nationalization of the country, private industry rise and still facing challenges in globalization. Strategy and action planning, and then implantation of the plans are seen to be half the job for they are not of any value and are not supported by the entire industry, the Egyptian government and all players in the sector.
The main aim of this project was to develop strategies and action plans and built a real power behind Egypt’s textile industry. This plan was to boost the textile industry in Egypt from 1% of its original world trade in the textile international and regional player to where it could get. The industry's strategy was to put US dollars ten billion in the year 2015 thus increasing Egyptian export value by 10 folds and then creating more those five million jobs and have a positive impact on 15 million people.