In William Faulkner’s “A Rose for Emily,” we follow the spinster Emily as she progresses through her life in Jefferson. However, the way this tale is told is rather unique, as instead of following a single narrator (Emily or someone else in her life), the audience is given a first-person collective narration, many people throughout the town offering their opinion on the goings-on in Emily’s house. The use of the collective first-person narrative is Faulkner’s way of building up a notoriety and legend to Emily, so that when the grisly truth is discovered at the very Continue reading...
Story Research Papers Samples For Students
Characters, Story, and Music of Guys and Dolls Research Paper
Research into the Characters, Story, and Music of Guys and Dolls
The musical Guys and Dolls first premiered on Broadway in 1950; it ran for more than 1,200 performances (Liukkonen). The characters and much of the story of the musical were originally created by Damon Runyon in his work “The Idyll of Miss Sarah Brown.” Abe Burrows and Jo Swerling adapted the characters and story from Runyon’s writings into musical form (Liukkonen).
This play’s characteristic nature that makes it very different from other plays is that it generates its characters’ traits Continue reading...
Research Paper On The Fall Of The House Of Usher
The name Edgar Allan Poe is synonymous with literary horror: his works such as “The Pit and The Pendulum” and his “Murders in the Rue Morgue” short-stories collection have managed to intrigue, woo and horrify readers for decades. His dark, suspenseful imagery has a distinctive style with its focus on the macabre and the slightly twisted. Poe is a master at creating horror without the need for graphic violence and gore, a talent which has long since been lost on today’ Continue reading...
The Canterbury Tales Research Paper
The Canterbury tales is a collection of stories which were written in the Middle English at the end of the 14th Century by Geoffrey Chaucer. Most of the tales are in verses though some of them are also in prose form. The Canterbury stories were part of the story telling contest by a small group of pilgrims who travelled together on a journey from Southwark to Saint Thomas Becket where their shrine was located. Chaucer used the tales and the descriptions of his characters to paint a very critical and ironic paint of the English Community at the time Continue reading...
Alice Walker’s Everyday Use Research Paper
Alice Walker’s short story ‘Everyday Use’ is about Dee seeing her heritage and the legacy of her ancestors as something that has already passed and gone, so that there is a danger of her true heritage being abandoned and lost. However, Mama’s understanding demonstrates that she and Maggie are are still linked through the way they live in rural poverty in the South to their ancestors (by the everyday use of items like the quilts).
Dee’s name change is symptomatic of the person she has become. As Christian (14) writes:
Dee/Wangero in ‘Everyday Use’ is embarrassed by her folk. She has been to the north, wears an Afro, and knows the correct political rhetoric of the 1960s, but she has little regard for her relatives who have helped create that heritage.
She wants the quilts to frame, to hang on the wall as proof of her roots, but this is ironic as she is actually embarrassed by the way that Mama and Maggie live. The very fact that she has not visited them for so long shows this, and the way she takes photos of Mama and Maggie in front of their very humble house as ‘proof’ of the authenticity of her roots is similarly patronizing. Dee wants these things for decoration, to declare the poverty of her black background, but they are things that Mama and Maggie still use every day. The same is true of the quilts which Dee demands at the very end of the story: they represent the shared efforts of previous members of the family as Mama makes clear to the reader:
In both of them were scraps of dresses that Grandma Dee had worn fifty and more years ago. Bits and pieces of Grandpa Jarrell’s Paisley shirts. And one teeny faced blue piece, about the size of a penny matchbox, that was from Great Grandpa Ezra’s uniform that he wore in the Civil War. (Walker 53)
As with the churn top and the dasher, Dee wants these things for display, not everyday use – she wants to show off the poverty of her roots to friends like her who have become successful. Ironically Dee seems to think that Mama and Maggie do not understand their past. She says:
These are all pieces of dresses Grandma used to wear. She did all this stitching by hand. Imagine! (Walker 53)
But, as Noe and Jaynes put it, “Mama doesn’t have to imagine; she knows.” (161). They still live a lifestyle that is almost identical to that of Grandma. Dee/Wangero still does not understand at the end of the story, saying as she leaves:
You just don’t understand... Your heritage... You ought to try to make something of yourself, too, Maggie. It’s really a new day for us. But from the way you and Mama live you’d never know it. (Walker 55)
But it was not a new day for African-Americans caught in the poverty trap that the South was at that time.
Mama’s view on heritage only becomes clear towards the end of the story, and it is shown by her refusal to let Dee have the quilts.
Mama gives her legacy of quilts to Maggie, the uglier, scarred, less flamboyant, less confident, more traditional, less-educated sister rather than to her elder sister, Dee. (Noe and Jaynes 162)
As far as Mama is concerned heritage has to be genuine and real, and she finds Dee’s name change slightly comical, because by seeking to re-connect with her African roots, Dee is ignoring her roots in slavery and poverty – from which things of beauty like the quilts did come. But the title of the story shows that Mama thinks the quilts are for ‘everyday use’ and that Maggie (partly because she knows how to quilt herself) truly understands. Mama does not put it like this but she realizes, as Lauret (114) writes, “Like the quilt, which is made from scraps of the past to provide warmth and decoration on the bed, not the museum wall, all art should be used, not framed.” It is when Mama looks at Maggie that she realizes that Maggie is part of the tradition of quilting:
It was Grandma Dee and Big Dee who taught her how to quilt herself. She stood there with her scarred hands hidden in the folds of her skirt. She looked at her sister with something like fear but she wasn’t mad at her. This was Maggie’s portion. This was the way she knew God to work. (Walker 54)
Mama understands that Maggie has a sense of heritage that Dee will never have and cannot understand, and so it is Maggie who must keep the quilts.
This story encourages us to see heritage as a link to an ancestry that you are still in touch with in your everyday life. As Skipp (122) puts it, “The visit of the superficially Africanized daughter to her mother and sister living in isolated rural poverty contrasts the attitude of the sisters toward two bedroom quilts: African heritage as display vs. heritage for everyday use.” Walker suggests through mama’s narration that heritage should be real and for ‘everyday use.’ Dee’s visit home after so many years shows that, despite her name change, her hair style and her affluence, she has lost touch with her real roots:
“The reunion does not accomplish reunification but merely underlines the distance.” (Koppleman xxvi) Maggie and Mama know exactly what their roots are because they live a life that is deeply connected with the previous generations of the family. Heritage is a provocative subject when we consider this story. Is heritage something that can be lost – as Dee appears to have lost hers? Or is it something that will forever be a part of that person – just as Maggie will always be the shy, scarred woman who knows how to quilt like her grandmother did?
Christian, Barbara. Alice Walker. 1994. New York: Rutgers University Press. Print.
Koppleman, Susan. Between Mothers and Daughters. 1985. New York: The Feminist Press. Print.
Lauret, Maria. Alice Walker. 2000. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Print.
Noe, Marcia & Jaynes, Michael. ‘Teaching Alice Walker’s ‘Everyday Use’ Employing Race, Class and Gender.’ Pages 155 – 168 in Bloom, Harold. Alice Walker: a Modern Critical View. 2007. New York: Infobase Publishing. Print.
Skipp, Francis E. American Literature. 1992. New York: Barron’s Educational Series. Print.
Walker, Alice. The Complete Stories. 1994. London: The Women’s Press. Print.
Research Paper On Tell Me a Riddle by Tillie Olsen
Often, an author will write about what they know best. Which, invariably, is their own experience of life, love and everything in between. Authors do this for a number of reasons: because they know it so well that they can make an excellent story of it; because they usually have a message that they wish to convey to the world as a result of that experience. Tell Me a Riddle is a collection of short stories, written by Tillie Olsen, first published in 1961. Continue reading...
Those Bones are Not My Child by Toni Cade Bambara Research Paper
This novel deals with the series of puzzling disappearances and murders of black youth in Atlanta in the late 1970s and early 1980s and was published posthumously after being edited by Toni Morrison. Bambara explores “the ways in which government power and politics, communal paranoia, and personal suffering transform the Rawls family” (Greene p.338). Because it centers on one city and one family, and real events and deals with a sensitive series of racial crimes, it has tended to be read as part of Continue reading...
Hopi Legend and Culture Research Paper
“How the Great Chiefs Made the Moon and the Sun” is a Hopi legend. As its name suggests, it is a myth surrounding the creation of the moon and the sun. Many Hopi legends involve the sun as it is a central symbol in Hopi culture.
The Hopi Indians, meaning good, peaceful, or wise, come from a group of South-western people called Pueblo.
However, their language is different from that of the Pueblo (Eck, 1998). They currently reside in northeast Arizona, at Continue reading...
Research Paper On Passion And Tradition
Alice Walker is an influential writer who expressed her passion for tradition and heritage in the compelling short story, Everyday Use. This critically acclaimed tale is set in the rural South of the 1960s, a backdrop against which Mrs. Johnson and her daughters, Dee and Maggie, play out a parable about the Continue reading...
Research Paper on The History of Art: the Artist Christo Javacheff (alias Christo and Jeanne-Claude)
The history of art has been compared with that of literature. In comparable respects, both have continuity, change and no progressive improvement. Since they are both works of creativity, their histories are characterized by works that seem to go beyond circumstantial limitations with a timeless appeal. The history of art has evolved since the extant of humans. Today art involve so many disciplines in colleges and universities. (Kristine and Howard 1996 4, 41) Continue reading...
Research Paper On Jesus During The High Middle Age
Since the beginning of time, people have come up with many proposals and ideas in a bid to expose the true identity of Christianity as a religion. This implies, Jesus, the main man behind this religion, has received varied portrayals. It is interesting though how this portrayal has continued to change with time. This paper shall therefore involve a comparison of articles in order to explore how Jesus and Christianity has been presented since the high middle ages till today.
The following are two excerpts for Hildegard’s Scivias: its mouth is gapping downwards in order to pull down Continue reading...
Research Paper On Capital Punishment
Capital punishment is also known as the death penalty. This process involves the infliction of death to individuals as a punishment for certain offences by the judicial processes. This form of punishment has been practiced in the past by almost all the societies. However, a majority of the countries in the world today have abolished it, with only a few countries still following the death penalty sentencing. The deliberations over the propriety of the death penalty can be almost as old as the death penalty itself. It is interesting to note that the philosophical and moral arguments put forward Continue reading...
Research Paper On The Motif Of The Father And The Son In The Odyssey
One of the social institutions that play a very vital role in the Oddessy by homer is the family, the importance of the family and home are highly emphasised in this work of art, and the main character Odysseus really demonstrates the role of home and the family. The main theme in this epic novel is reunification of the family and this is illustrated by the attempts of the protagonist to return home and reunite with his wife and son. The entire novel highlights various examples of families (Stubbings 89). There are good families that prosper and there are Continue reading...
Research Paper On Interview
The Pokot is a tribe in Africa living in both Kenya and Uganda. However, most Pokots live in the Northern part of Kenyan Rift-Valley which lies along the Kenya /Uganda border. An interview with Daniel Lotodo, a 78 year old man from the community revealed a lot about the ethnography of the community
The Pokot for a long time are predominantly pastoralists’. Their occupations of cattle keeping has been necessitated by environment factors. The area is semi arid and agricultural produce can hardly do well. However, through barter trade with neighboring communities such as the Samburu Continue reading...
Capstone Group Project Research Paper
The companies that we considered are: Apple Inc, Hewlett Packard, Nokia, and Wal-Mart. Before settling on these five, we had examined dozens but we settled on them after going through them carefully.
Wal-Mart is an American multinational corporation that runs discount and warehouse stores. It is the largest public corporation by revenue in the world (Soderquist 26). It is also the largest grocery retailer in US and runs Sam’s club retail warehouse in North America. It operates under 55 different names in the 15 countries it operates. It is listed in Dow Jones industrial average. Continue reading...
Western Europe Marketing Research Paper
For this research, I chose to look into the viability of expanding exercise equipment markets in western Europe, which includes England, Denmark, France, Spain, and so forth. In my searches, I used Internet search engines, as well as journal databases, in order to form an adequate blanket for scouring the Web for this type of information. In the process, I found several helpful sources that would help me along the path towards making a quality recommendation to this company’s founder.
My first results were for market reports on these countries that, while likely high quality, are extremely expensive Continue reading...
Cognitive Functions Of The Brain Research Paper
Cognitive Functions of the Brain
The phrase ‘Cognitive function’ in its basic form implies the mental processes of acquiring knowledge. The cognitive functions include reasoning, perception, intuition, creativity, predictable behavior, social interaction with others and problem solving among others. According to Baars and Gage (2010), part of the brain majorly concerned with cognitive function is the cerebrum cortex. However, in as much as we can say that this is part of the brain concerned with the cognitive functions, some of which mentioned above, the brain is holistic in nature (Baars & Gage, 2010). This implies that one part Continue reading...
Research Paper on History of Macy’s Inc.: Then and Now
Macy’s is the miracle of United States’ retail industry and the largest chain of department stores in the world. However, it is not a mere store - it truly is the embodiment of priceless experience and traditions of American nation. Macy’s Inc. is headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio and New York, New York. As of January 30, 2010, the company operates a total of 800 shops in the U.S (Macy’s Inc., n.d.).
Should Sex Education Be Required In Public Schools Research Paper
Despite the obvious statistics, restless debates on whether sex education should be obligatory in public schools flourish. Statistics of the Guttmacher Institute claims that the United States has “one of the highest teen pregnancy rates in the developed world—almost twice as high as those of England, Wales and Canada, and eight times as high as those of the Netherlands and Japan.” According to the Guttmacher studies among 750,000 teen pregnancies that annually take place, over 82 percent are unintended, one-quarter of which result in abortions. To a large extent, abstinence-only sex ed stands out against the broad sex education course that the majority American parents want — from the ABC of how babies are conceived to how condoms are supposed to put on to how to get tested for STD. (Facts on Sex Education in the United States, 2006) Continue reading...
Women Isolation Research Paper
Technology inventions and creativity is one of the modern science subjects that have brought a lot of impacts to our lives. We cannot deny the fact that scientific research and implementation of new techniques has inculcated a lot of confidence in our industries and homes. For instances in the medical industry it has helped doctors to carry out successful operations, invention of new drugs, and the general orderliness in our hospitals but sometimes when misused can bring disastrous effects to the lives of human beings especially when scientists are not certain of the outcome of a particular experiment. Continue reading...