A phobia is an extreme fear that will not go away. People may develop a phobia after having a bad encounter with a certain situation, object or activity. Therefore, trypanophobia is an extreme fear of needles. The number of people suffering from trypanophobia is increasing significantly since the people with this condition refuse to seek help from a doctor. People with needle phobias constantly experience panic attacks, lightheadedness, or fainting when they come across two needles. This fear prevents many people from obtaining required vaccinations, blood tests and other medical care, which make it a serious issue. Therefore, the Continue reading...
Essays on Phobias
On this site, we've put together a directory of free paper samples regarding Phobias. The intention is to provide you with a sample similar to your Phobias essay topic so that you could have a closer look at it in order to grasp a clear idea of what a great academic work should look like. You are also suggested to implement the best Phobias writing practices presented by expert authors and, eventually, craft a top-notch paper of your own.
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Relaxing Your Fears Away Essay Example
This article is based on the research done by Joseph Wolpe attempting to understand the root of a type of Neuroses in the form of an intense Phobia. The article states that phobia’s were original thought to be the result of an individual experiencing an extreme childhood trauma that linked intense irrational fear to an object or act. They were treated by a process known as psychoanalysis, in which the patient worked through the source of the fear with a therapist. A phobia goes far beyond the rational fear of being afraid for your safety due to, for Continue reading...
Learning And Behavior Article Reviews Example
Anxiety disorders are occurrences in our human life today. They can affect everyone in the society, and its effects are extensive in the society as well. There are several factors that play a significant role in the existent and development of anxiety disorders among human beings (WITTCHEN, STEIN, & KESSLER, 2009, p. 13). One of the elemental factors that relate to anxiety disorders is biological preparedness. The anxiety disorder presented includes fears and phobias towards different aspects in the environment.
Graham explains the uneven distribution of the fears through various evolutionary and mechanistic explanations. Psychological or behavioral mechanisms explain the Continue reading...
Motivating Adult Learners Essay Samples
The article, “Adult School Phobias” edited by Miller and King informs on experiences of women empowerment through literacy. The article reiterates on women stories of anxiety and the adult education practice to assist them. According to Miller and King most, women experience pain, debilitating emotion, isolation, and pain in their school life. Fear and anxiety is inherent in the course of learning to hinder a person’s thoughts to lead to phobias. Some of the phobias associated with school and learning include fear of ridicule, fear of incompetence, fear of the unknown, and fear of the school environment. Women Continue reading...
Phobias Research Paper Examples
The research deals with the problem of phobias, the types of this irrational behavior, the history of research as well as the key founders and co-researchers who contributed significantly to studying this psychotic disorder. It was also studied whether phobias have relationship with age and gender of those being prone to the disorder. The questions of reasons, symptoms and treatment were given a particular focus in the concluding part of the project. The question of whether phobias are acquired in the course of life or transmitted genetically was scrutinized based on the opinions of world’s finest psychology experts, Continue reading...
Free Essay About Phobias And Addictions
A phobia is an irrational fear to natural phenomenon such that it is abnormal as compared to the behavior of normal people. It is normally triggered by a specific stimulus and hence is a consequence of conditioning. An addiction is a dependence on a substance or action for acquisition of pleasure with little regard for the possible negative effects. Conditioning is the training of the human, or any animal’s, system to respond in a specific manner when exposed to a specific stimulus. It can be voluntary or involuntary on the part of the subject hence the two types Continue reading...
Good Fear Processing Article Review Example
Sinclair Community College
7:00pm – 8:15pm
The brain is a highly complex organ, with a network of nerve cells that serve as a starting point for everything an individual senses, thinks, and ultimately the actions carried out. There are two responses that the brain is responsible for carrying out: conscious responses and autonomic responses, with fear being an example of the latter due to it usually being triggered unconsciously, leaving the individual to realize that the fear reaction has been triggered only after a myriad of physical responses have occurred (Debiec & LeDoux, 2004).
While the experience of fear is rather Continue reading...
Essay On Phobias And Addictions
Development Through Operant or Classical Conditioning
Phobias and Addictions:
Development Through Operant or Classical Conditioning
How and why phobias and addictions develop are a continual area of research for psychologists and their colleagues in related fields. While many theories exist as to why people have phobias or become addicted, including genetic predisposition and others, the roles of classical conditioning and operant conditioning in the conditions of phobias and addictions is an important area to explore because it provides more information on why the conditions exist and new possibilities in treatment. Phobias can be developed through classical conditioning and addictions can be developed through operant conditioning, Continue reading...
Example Of Informative Speech On Phobias Critical Thinking
Do you have any irrational fears? I am sure that the majority of you do, as we are all human beings, unique and so alike at the same time. Today I want to raise an interesting subject, which definitely concerns every one of us – phobias. I am sure that this topic will leave no one indifferent, as our fears is something that people don’t know how to control, which creates certain troubles for us. In my speech I am going to introduce you to the world of phobias – their nature, types and treatment methods so as we could Continue reading...
Looking At Life Differently Essay Examples
Anxiety, pain, worry, fear, confusion, and other related things are common to people of all ages. Everyone experience such things in life, and no one can claim to be invulnerable to these things – even to their simplest form. However, it is attested that these things could also become drastically unpleasant. Considering anxiety, this can become a [serious] disorder when the symptoms become chronic and interfering with one’s daily life and ability to act/function (Grohol, 2010). When it worsens, an individual can no longer work, eat, and even do the essential responsibilities a human being should be doing in Continue reading...
Fears And Phobias Literature Reviews Examples
Needless to say that having a phobia is normal for every sane person, as everybody with a healthy mind is afraid of something. He or she could be afraid of some creature (fictional and/or real), of some event, some situation etc. Every fear or phobia of something is a kind of anxiety disorder, which is generally being defined as uncontrollable and prevalent fear of a situation or an object, which is needed to be avoided by a person. It is identified by the person’s mind as a real danger to his/her existence, even when a situation or an Continue reading...
Sample Essay On Life Learning Experience Narrative On Basic Computer Studies
This study examines important ideas and concepts relating to an 8-week basic computer studies program that that writer partook in. It describes how information was gathered and how new ideas were acquired in relation to the basic features of the computer and the role of computers in the wider society as well as the way of utilizing some basic and fundamental programs of computing.
The report identifies that the writer was able to acquire important competencies over the period. However, it began with many fears, phobias and insecurities that related to the kind of services that were being offered. Continue reading...
Phobias And Addictions Research Paper Sample
In the study of behavioral psychology, it is important to understand the motivation behind phobias and addictions. Phobia is an irrational fear associated with a certain stimuli, while addiction is a state developed from engaging in habit-forming behaviors. However, both phobia and addiction come as a result of learning. The two most important processes that cause phobia and addiction are classical and operant conditioning. Although both concepts result in learning, the processes differ.
Classical conditioning occurs when a neutral stimulus pairs up with an unconditioned response. A good example is Ivan Pavlov’s study with dogs. In the study, Continue reading...
Anxiety Disorders Phobia Essay Sample
The reading informs us about the types of anxiety disorders, and an explanation of how to detect simple anxiety from the certain state when it transfers into a disorder. One of anxiety disorders is phobia, this is a permanent state when a person has a strong fear of other people, objects, or actions.
Many people can live with their phobias, or better say learned how to live with them, so they would not face much inconveniences. Others, incapable to accept or fight their fears may turn the situation into much worse state. It is extremely difficult to control your Continue reading...
Free Critical Thinking On Emotion Drives Attention
Phobias are common in people but why in a modern urban world would people be afraid of snakes or dangerous spiders? Öhman, Flyki, and Esteves (2001) have done several experiments to try to understand why and how people with phobias of snakes and/or spiders react to photographs of them. The experiments used photographs of snakes, spiders, flowers or mushrooms in order to time the difference in people’s ability to identify the items that frightened them versus the items that did not have any fear-relevance for them.
The experiments were based on identifying the selective attention of the participants. Continue reading...
Essay On Classical Conditioning Vs Operant Conditioning
In psychology, there is a learning theory that states that as we learn, we adjust the manner in which we perceive our environment and the manner in which we interpret the incoming stimuli. Consequently, all this alters the way we interact, or behave. It is from this theory that one learns about behaviorism. The latter is the study or our behaviors after exposure to given stimuli within the environment. This helps us in understanding the effects given stimuli have on us.
In the learning theory, we have classical and operant conditioning. In classical conditioning, one learns to associate one Continue reading...
Free Tutorial Portfolio Article Review Sample
Where do Phobias come from?
Study conducted on mice showed that phobias are genetically transmitted from one generation to the next through chemical changes that occur in DNA or through experiences from ancestors. The study was conducted on mice, which were trained to fear cherry blossoms odour by use of electric shocks prior to breeding. The offsprings developed a fear of the cherry blossom odour in spite of never experiencing them proving that the experience can be transferred genetically to the offsprings.
Christmas: a Social Anxiety Minefield
Christmas can cause anxiety in people through worry about finances, potential drunkenness, and involvement in social events. The symptoms of this anxiety Continue reading...
Example Of Essay On Critical Paper 2
The Professor's name
In a daily routine life, people unconsciously learn by using classical and operant conditioning. The source of many fears, such as fear from animals and fear from public appearance is closely connected with the classical or operant conditioning. However, not only negative experiences are associated with conditioning, but positive one as well. Classical and operant conditioning are essential for understanding the close connection between our inner self and the surrounding.
One of the elementary principles of learning is classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is a reflexive or automatic type of learning where, in time, one stimulus takes over the possibility Continue reading...
Research Methods In Behavioral Health Research Papers Example
Behavioral health, also referred to as mental health, is the way that a person thinks, and their emotional reaction to situations. Behavioral health also includes the different methods of promoting wellbeing, and the prevention of mental illnesses. According to Holmes (2014), behavioral health is much more than the absence of mental illness. It includes a person’s ability to enjoy life that is determined by their psychological resilience, and their ability to balance their life. It also includes a person’s flexibility to new ideas and their level of self actualization. Examples of behavioral disorders include Anxiety, Depression, Attention Continue reading...
Panic Attack With Agoraphobia Case Study
Clinical case formulation
Annie described her childhood as being chaotic. Her description included night terrors that commenced when she was approximately aged four-years, reoccurring again at ages eight and twelve.
Annie stated she began having panic attacks when she was about fifteen years old. She said it was “ about the time her hormones started kicking in” She began self-analyzing he abuse and familial discord in her life and began seeing a psychiatrist. Her initial feelings were those of relief. Her counselors began a course of treatment that included private counseling, family counseling and medication. She followed a course of medication for approximately Continue reading...
Free Hypnosis Term Paper Example
Hypnosis, also known as hypnotherapy is a psychological state or a trance-like state in which one has heightened concentration and focus. Normally, hypnosis uses intense concentration, guided relaxation and focused attention to attain an enhanced state of awareness which is sometimes known as a trance. When in this state, the person’s attention is focused to an extent that, everything in motion around that person is ignored or temporarily blocked out. With the help of a health professional such as a trained therapist, people can focus their attention in this naturally occurring state. Notably, being hypnotized is characterized by Continue reading...
Free Research Paper About Behavior And Biomedical Therapies
Behavior therapy is the use of learning procedures to eliminate maladaptive behaviors such as schizophrenia, phobias, and anxiety (Myers, 2010, p. 652; Passer & Smith, 2010, p. 592). Behavior therapy is based on the thinking that observable behavior is the problem, rather than a symptom of some invisible, underlying issue (Passer & Smith, 2010, p. 592). Behavior therapy helps people to unlearn some behaviors such as fear of public speaking or anxiety. It can also help in arresting other conditions such as autism.
The major approaches used in behavior therapy are classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is a type Continue reading...
Example Of Research Paper On Panic Disorder
Disorders have been present as long as the existence of human kinds. As time passed, human beings have been able to come up with better ways of dealing with the disorders. Technological advancements and innovations have been able to form a milestone in approaching these disorders. Some disorders have no curative measures, but there are medicines that have been able to suppress the disorders thus enhancing the duration of time a person lives with the condition.
Description of the disorder
American Psychiatric Association has formulated a system referred to as The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, abbreviated as DSM-IV-TR. This manual Continue reading...
Example Of Term Paper On Problem Overview
In this paper, I would like to introduce Sarah, a 15-year-old girl, mid-adolescent, 9th grader, who seems to have a rather normal life on the surface, but is definitely in need of help if one examines closely. One of the attributes that is alarming is that she is extremely school phobic, which is perhaps understandable for a first grader, but unusual and wrong for a somewhat grown-up 9th grader.
Sarah is a high school girl studying in a co-ed high school in her town. She had to take a remedial course because of her struggles with school work. She Continue reading...
Ucs- Dropping The Baby From The Arms And Falling In The Tub Report Sample
1. Pavlov’s experiments and his discovery of classical conditioning helped us understand what lies beneath certain dysfunctional behaviors, such as phobias. He didn’t just explain the path in which phobias and fears are developed, but also gave us the pattern that can be used for eliminating those fears. Classical conditioning is the form of learning which can serve us till this day as a model for examining general principals of behavior modification. He discovered important phenomena in classical conditioning such as generalization, differentiation etc. He also provided his understanding of psychopathological phenomena gave his typology of nervous Continue reading...
Article Review On Evolution The Reality Of Existence
Evolution – The Reality of Existence
This paper deals with two articles and two conversational scripts, each of which tries to emphasize the predominant role and the process of evolutionary development that dates back to our ancestors, and which cascades down to our own lives and plays a role in determining our current behavior and lifestyle.
The first article titled Potential Evolutionary Role for Same-Sex Attraction (Association for Psychological Science, 2010), published in the Science Daily on Feb 4, 2010, tries to highlight the role of human evolution in promoting homosexuality amongst men. The article -- based on the research findings of two evolutionary psychologists, Continue reading...
Course Work On Psychological Disorders
Anxiety disorders are conditions which are characterised by an excessive or unrealistic amount of anxiety and/or fear. Often, phobias are a form of anxiety disorder which classically demonstrates an excessive amount of fears for spiders, the dark, clowns or indeed, anything. Phobias are usually classified as being either a social or a specific phobia – the latter being a fear of specific things or events, and the former being a fear of social situations that could pertain to a negative outcome. Sometimes, the condition is characterised by behaviours Continue reading...