The effectiveness and practicability of the Kyoto Protocol is one of the most controversial issues that have received ample critiques from both economic and scientific points of view1. While the protection of the climatic system is necessary for protecting2 the benefits and sustainability for the current and future generations of humanity, the framework for realizing the objectives of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)3 has been a subject of debate in conferences in addition to receiving equally varied interpretations from the parties. Many a party to the protocol has been accused of failing to meet their Continue reading...
Essays on Protocol
Advanced Routing Protocols 2012 Case Study Examples
Abstract - The routing protocols have significant effects on the consistency and the performance of the network. Categorization and determination of the best routing protocol can be quite a challenge. However, the choice of any given routing protocol mainly depends on the type of network being handled and the types of network infrastructure being used. All the routing protocols have their unique strengths and weaknesses. This section analyses the advantages and the disadvantages of various routing protocols and then offer guidance on which of the routing protocols is best suited to be used in the network under study. The Continue reading...
List Of Figures Case Studies Example
Ipv6 Deployment Case Studies
Figure 1: Graphical internet usage trend 9
Figure 2: IPv6 tunneling 11
Figure 3: Data routing 13
Figure 4: Internet protocol suite 15
In the midst of the number of IPv4 addresses almost entirely depleted, the realization of IPv6 has become a prime concern for many organizations. However, it is not possible to, immediately, change the whole thing over to IPv6 without a few transitions. This Paper takes a look at the ways that can be used to successfully transit to IPv6 from IPv4 among other deployment issues.
Section 1: IPv6 deployment strategy
The global IPv6 deployment recently made a significant milestone on the Continue reading...
Ipsec Research Paper Examples
Internet Protocol Security
IPsec is the short abbreviation for Internet Protocol Security which is referred to as the protocol suite used in securing the Internet Protocol (IP) network communications through encrypting and validating each IP packet (data sent over the internet) of a communication session. Internet Protocol security comprises procedures and protocols used in establishing a reciprocated authentication or verification procedure between artificially intelligent agents at the commencement of the interconnection period and the intercession of cryptographic keys to be used by the network user during the given time lease period (Black, 2000).
Internet Protocol security can be used in guarding data Continue reading...
Free Research Paper About Password Protocol
As information technologies evolved and became more important for business and home use, users demanded for ways of directly connecting to systems in different locations. From large internet service providers, operators of bulletin board systems, to businesses getting critical data to road warriors in a timely manner, remote system access and networks became critical services that administrators were required to provide. However, it was necessary to ensure that only authorized users could access the provider’s resources, they could only access the resources they needed, and the administrators could track the users’ activities and access time for purposes of Continue reading...
Free Internet Term Paper Example
1. The structure of the internet
The internet is an international network of computers and other devices for the purpose of sharing resources. It is a global interconnection of millions of computers all across the world using a standardized protocol (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol, TCP/IP) to facilitate interconnection of the computers. The internet does not have a structure in particular but the networks and devices used found on the internet conform to a standard as set by the International Standards Organization (ISO).
2. Internet domains
Internet domains are managed by a Domain Name Service (DNS). DNS is Continue reading...
Internet Protocol Case Study Example
IP specifies the addressing scheme and actual format of packets for communicate over a network. Networks combine internet protocol with a higher-level protocol which is known as Transmission Control Protocol, this establishes a virtual connection form source to destination. IP in easy way can be compared to the postal system. IP helps us to address a data package and give it to the system, but no direct link exist between sender and recipient. TCP/IP establishes a connection for two hosts, for a time period they can be used to send messages in both directions. There are two version currently Continue reading...
Purpose And Function Of Tcp/ip Course Work
Purpose and function of TCP/IP
The Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) suite is a set of protocols that describe the functions necessary for sending data over a network. These protocols define acceptable data formats and standards for passing messages, handling errors and for communication. The suite provides the foundation for many crucial services such as file transfer, electronic mail, remote login, network monitoring among others[ CITATION Tan03 \l 1033 ]. It is designed to separate the functions of the various facets of data transmission. International open standards make is possible for different Continue reading...
Example Of Remote Access Protocols Case Study
Remote access protocols
There are many remote access protocols that are used in Windows and, therefore, choosing a remote access protocol is a procedure that is important. The remote access protocol that will be selected will depend on the use of the protocols. When undertaking a plan to configure a remote access network environment, it is important to know what protocols the client, and the server will be using. This will determine the protocols that will be used for authentication, connectivity and encryption. There are two categories of protocols that are used for connectivity. These categories are dial-up and virtual private networking. Continue reading...
Example Of Essay On Software Security Assessment
A network protocol is a set of rules that manage the communication between two or more computers within a given network. This set of rules determine given characteristics of a given network, such as allowed physical topologies, access method, speed of data transfer and types of cabling.
Common network protocols include:
- Token Ring
- ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode)
- Telnet (Telephone Network)
- SSL (Secure Socket Layer)
- FTP*SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
- SFTP (Secure File Transfer Protocol)
- HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol)
- HTTPS (Secure Hyper Text Transfer Protocol)
- SSH (Secure Shell)
- Continue reading...
Routing Research Paper Samples
Different protocols are in use to ensure end-to-end delivery of data packets between networks. These protocols use different types of metrics in determining the best path to take in delivering a packet to a destination network. The use of routers in internetwork communication necessitates ensuring that the routers have the required information to determine the paths to a destination network. Some of the information needed by a router to route packets between networks include the destination address, the routers connected to it, the possible routes to other networks and the best route to networks. A router determines information about Continue reading...
Network Application Protocols Essay Examples
Network Application Protocols
A number of application protocols aids communication across the internet. According to Dowd and McDonald (2006), some of the network protocols used include Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), which is used for web browsing, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), which is used for transferring files and Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), which is used for sending and receiving e-mail. The list of application protocols used across the internet is long, and only a few are going to be discussed here.
Auditing Application Protocols
Auditing is essential to ensure that the protocols used do not present avenues for attacks (Jackson, 2010). Certain procedures are Continue reading...
Example Of The Kyoto Protocol Admission Essay
Globalization, trade liberalization, and increased market for goods and services have led to the establishment of numerous industries in the world at large. This in turn has created more employment opportunities, socio-cultural integration, and foreign exchange benefits. Nevertheless, industrialization and increased human activities has impacted negatively on the environment. Areas around industries are worst affected by environmental pollution from harmful emissions and waste products. Currently, the greatest concern that threatens human existence and survival is global warming. Global warming is a world disaster and affects mostly developed countries which hosts numerous manufacturing and producing industries. The main cause of Continue reading...
Explain The Scope Of E-business Essay
The key aspect of e-business is its focus on digitization of business operations from a traditional narrow range perspective to a technological wide range perspective that proves significant to businesses that rely on the internet for their functioning and success. Fundamentally, e-business is a broader concept and it is concerned with using the internet and related technologies to integrate and redesign an organization’s internal activities, processes and external relations, and create new ways of working that are significantly different from, and very often far superior to, what was possible or conceivable some years back. Moreover, interest in e-business Continue reading...
Good Literature Review About Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (Tcp/IP)
The protocols at the transport layer of the OSI reference model provides an end-to-end data delivery service for application processes to exchange messages over the Internet. Protocols operating in the Transport layer use the services of the Internet Protocol (IP) to deliver messages. Many protocols exist at his layer and one of the most important protocols at this layer is Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) for the delivery of data between the Application Layer and the Internet Layer. The shortcoming of IP to guarantee the delivery of datagrams is overcome by TCP by setting up a virtual circuit between the Continue reading...
Example Of Essay On Cryptography And Network Security
Transport Level Security
- This level of security exists below the application layer. It mostly comprises of the secure socket layer and the transport layer security.
- Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
- According to Kizza (2009), the Secure socket layer is a cryptographic system applied in the Explorer and Netscape browsers. It is used to manage the security of message transmission in the Internet (Newman, 2009).
- The SSL uses a public key that can be utilized by anyone and a private key only known by the recipient of the message (Newman, 2009).
- It is designed to offer encrypted end-to-end data Continue reading...
Free Critical Thinking On Technology Reflection
In the first week we learnt about HTTP refers to Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, a term that I had heard about many instances before the first lecture. It is used in telecommunications and networks, and it made me interested in the topic since it was applicable to the internet and websites, and I had used it when browsing the internet although I did not understand its applications fully. It was exciting to learn about the previous version of HTTP (version 1.0) and the newer version that is currently in use, HTTP 1.1. The current version of HTTP is a Continue reading...
Free Essay On Wireless Application Protocol
Wireless Application Protocol
WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) - protocol for wireless data transmission, widely used for the development of Web pages, specifically designed for display of cellular communication systems on mobile subscriber units. At first we should consider the background that led to the creation of WAP. Many users of the World Wide Web around the world use the Internet to communicate with their friends and colleagues, to send and receive emails, watch world news, weather, etc. Therefore, with the emergence of the data transmission capabilities in cellular systems immediately appeared a desire to provide access to the Internet Continue reading...
Network Test Equipment Research Paper Examples
Network Test Equipment
Every computer network is distinctive and is prone to various challenges, which may help to guarantee the correct transmission today and tomorrow. It is critical for the network administrator to analyse the network hardware equipments and network software to obtain a sense for smooth transmission, often called a baseline. In the instance that errors occur, the network administrator may be competent enough to determine from the indicator lights or by using network test equipments where the source of the transmission error originates. For instance, the network administrator would effortlessly recognize if indicator lights were out that are supposed to Continue reading...
IPTV Is A Relatively New Technology That Is Only Now Being Provided To Consumers Research Paper Examples
i. Detailed description of the area researched
IPTV stands for Internet Protocol television and it is a relatively new technology which had seen a significant rise in demand. This is usually transmitted /delivered by the service provider, or it can be fee based or even be free based and in its mode of transmission can either be stored video or a live store. Sometimes it is also bundled with other types of services such as internet access and VOIP services. Nowadays, a greater number of businesses are integrating this unique technology as a part of their product offerings. The Continue reading...
Good Essay About Kyoto Protocol And Common But Differentiated Responsibilities
As indicated by many scientists,( what is the authority for this, which scientists, book or journal article) the reduction of greenhouse gas emission requires a global consolidated effort with participation from all the countries across the globe. At least, those countries responsible for emitting the maximum amount of greenhouse gas are expected to comply with the cause. The current environment regime as governed by Kyoto Protocol is not helping in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. In fact, Kyoto Protocol, due to differentiating between developed and developing countries, has come under heated criticism from all corners. Common but Differentiated Continue reading...
Cryptography Best Practices And Resource Portfolio Business Plan Example
Cryptography Best Practices and Resource Portfolio:
For the purpose of the presentation, the company that will be the focus of this project is Amazon.com. Its central offering is online shopping where consumers are able to search for the items they’d like to purchase online. They are also able to pay for their purchases online and have the items delivered to their home. In this e-business, the categories of information that may need applications of cryptography are the users’ or consumers’ passwords and their credit card or checking account numbers. Continue reading...
Example Of Essay On Port Scanning
Information security is very crucial especially for organizations whose information can be accessed through computer network. As network administrators try to set up security systems for data and information for such organizations, hackers and other cyber criminals also tries on how they can get the right of entry into the same systems illegally. Port scanning is used by both administrators as well as the hackers though for different intentions. Port scanning is thus one of the popular approaches used by administrators to examine or investigate information system security, penetration testing. It legally tries to break into the Continue reading...
Migrating Network Infrastructure Routing Term Paper Samples
Super-W is a large retail company operating in the Midwest US. According to the case study, the company has been traditionally operating with a single corporate campus location and a distribution center supporting twenty retail locations. Recently, it acquired several businesses increasing its large distribution centers to four of which supports more than 200 retail locations. This desires an internetwork that efficiently serves these locations as well as provides the desired security measures. An upgrade is required with key considerations given to redundancy and security. In order to satisfy business functions, an uptime of four 9s is desired.
Acting Continue reading...
Example Of A Study On Building A Consensus On Climate Change Policies Research Paper
Climate change proves to be an alarming environmental issue tackled by several international bodies since the late 20th century. Studies have identified its potentially harmful effects to the environment and pointed out to increasing carbon emissions as the key cause of the problem. Organizations such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the World Climate Program have agreed that there must be a ratification of an institutionalized set of anti-climate change policies for compliance by the international community. The 1997 Kyoto Protocol treaty emerged, but not all nations signed it (McCright & Dunlap, 2003).
Contentions on the Kyoto Protocol
Several Continue reading...
Example Of Network Forensics Research Paper
Permanent control over the work of local network, which is a fundamental of any corporate network, is needed to maintain it in working condition. Control - a necessary first step that must be done in the management of the network. Given the importance of this function, it is often separated from other functions of management systems and implemented by special means. Such division of control functions and actually management is useful for small and medium-sized networks, for which the installation of the integrated management system is not economically sensible. The use of autonomous means of control helps the network Continue reading...
Free Term Paper About Network Technology
An international pharmaceutical company is headquartered in New York, NY and has other six operational locations. The corporate headquarters in New York has 1000 employees while the other centers have a considerable number of employees and remote workers. San Diego has 250 employees, Houston has 750 employees in central research, Madrid has 500 employees, India has 50, and London has 150 while China has 300 employees and 500 remote sales workers. There is a diverse computing department with no universal standard. There is a combination of devices and operating systems in place. There are also different data center centers Continue reading...
The Smart Grid Security System Term Paper Example
The smart grid system makes use of digital information technology to transmit and distribute power. Hence, the operations of this system rely on the complex computer networks coupled with communication technologies that are available in the global information technology network domain. This is the leading cause of the vulnerabilities of the smart grid system.
This paper will focus on the vulnerabilities of the system that are evident in SCADA, substation security, communication networks and wireless networks security. While proponents of the system tout its ability to increase efficiency, it cannot be denied that the smart grid system is far Continue reading...
Migration Of Ipv4 To Ipv6 Research Proposals Examples
Internet protocol version 4 is one of a kind protocol that has made the internet to be successful. Transition methods mechanism and tools have always been part of IPv6 design effort from the beginning. The transition has been specified for IPv6 routers and host, which specifies the use of dual IP layer. The IPv4 along with IPv6 are the foundation of internetworking methods of the internet. Different computers on the internet have their own public IPv4 address that looks similar to a phone number. IPv6 is the new generation of internet protocol version, which has been successfully designed as Continue reading...
Wireless Security Issues In Pervasive Computing Report Sample
The topic of wireless Security issues in pervasive computing is a very dynamic area given that the technology keeps on changing. The change in technology comes with different challenges especially when it comes to integration of two or more technologies to satisfy human needs in life. Pervasive computing(PC), for instance, can represent an entry point for many of attacks.It can compromise users’ data, crash the complete system, render services unavailable, and possibly result to the loss of property and even lives. This paper examines and reports various security concerns in wireless security within the context of PC. The Continue reading...
Why Is The Kyoto Protocol Such As Controversial Agreement Essay Samples
The Kyoto Protocol is a meaningful course of action intended to reduce the global greenhouse effect, and because of continuous discussions by world nations, it has evolved to a realistic and adaptable piece of documentation. The Kyoto protocol simply requires the 35 developed nations that accept to ratify the agreement, to cut greenhouse emissions by a given percentage using emission levels during 1990 a baseline. Different countries have different limits, for example; the US was required of 7% while Japan 6% from 2008 to 2012 (Baron, 2012). It mainly sided towards developed countries are more industrialized therefore, behold the Continue reading...
Mobile Network Connectivity Research Paper
A mobile network is a wireless network that is distributed over several land regions known as cells. At least one transceiver called base station or cell site placed in the affixed location is used to serve every cell. A wireless connection in this case involves the use of unguided transmission mediums such as air, radio, satellite and others for transmission and reception of voice and messages. In mobile network connection, every cell uses dissimilar group of frequencies from the adjacent cells. It helps in avoiding interference and to ensure the provision of bandwidth inside every cell. This Continue reading...
Example Of Advanced Routing Research Proposal
Routing is one of the fundamental parts of an infrastructure that keeps the network operational. It is therefore important that the routing protocols are sufficiently secured to minimize tendencies of compromising it.
Super-W is a large retail company based in Mid West U.S. The company has traditionally operated with a single corporate campus location and a single distribution center serving 20 retail locations. Currently, Super-W has a single corporate campus and 4 large distribution centers that support more than 200 retail outlets. In this respect, internetwork is necessary for an upgrade to support the expanded remote locations with security Continue reading...
Telecommunication Report Example
The telecommunication industry has devised different ways of sending information from one point to another. The optical telecommunication systems use light as media of sending information while the radio communication systems use radio signals. The duplex communication system allows people to send information on both sides simultaneously.
The hypertext transfer protocol is a transfer technology used over the internet to send unencrypted data. Transferring of encrypted data is done through the secure hypertext transfer protocol (https). The secure hypertext transfer protocol reduces chances of people eavesdropping or reading the message transmitted over the internet. The web developer uses the Continue reading...
Sample Report On Mobile PKI (Public Key Infrastructure) Security
The advancement in technology has made the mobile market the most expanding market in the world. The mobile is a device of choice world over in this age because of its accessibility fueled by cheap prices. Short Message Service in mobile phones together with Multimedia Message Service has emerged to fulfill most of the user requirements and subsequently become an effective communication and information delivery model. The use of mobile extends beyond the personal needs and can be used to access sophisticated applications in a convenient and secure environment. Technologies such as Near Field Communication provide the phone with Continue reading...
Good Example Of The Growth Of Wireless Technologies Research Paper
Wireless communication refers to transmission of data or signals via electromagnetic waves. In other words, it is a form of communication that does not involve the use of wires. Instead, radio and microwaves are used to transfer data or signal from one device to another. The first wireless transmission system was developed in early 20th century. This system used Morse code which was a combination of dots and dashes or long and short electric signals assigned to each letter of the English alphabet. The signals were sent and received via wires. This enabled transmission of text based information over Continue reading...
Example Of Essay On Computer Network: Internetwork
With the proliferation of information technology organizations and businesses have adopted its usage as leverage in boosting its business activities. Networking is inevitable in 21st century business environment. This networking involves businesses, customers, suppliers, regulatory authorities among other key business participants. Each party has its own system which is not compatible with each other. Internetworking technologies comes in handy to solve the problem of interoperability amongst the various business systems (Comer, 2008).
Computer network has been defined as the interconnection or linking of two or more computing components and resources (Akyildiz, et al., 2002). Internetworking emerged as means of Continue reading...
Managing A UNIX Network Environment Research Paper Sample
I have always been fascinated by computers and technology when my parents bought me a computer. I spent most of my time trying to figure out it how it operates by searching the internet for answers. At first I thought it was as simple as just clicking icons and programs, but through my newly developed interest in technology I got to understand how complex technology is. With rapid technological advancements, I learned that it was impossible to learn all the complex elements that enable computers work. However, I developed an interest in computer networks. The fact that computers can Continue reading...
Cisco Switches And Routers Course Work
CISCO SWITCHES AND ROUTERS
Before beginning anything regarding switch installation and set up, there is need to read and understand the vendors’ instructions concerning the same (Ouellet et al, 2002). Before attachment of the switch to the cluster VLAN, its IP address should be configured. Once this has been done, the switches firmware codes are then updated and the name and logging style set. The installation plan dictates the Chassis maximum transfer unit (Stallings, 2007). This should be set as well a plan that is developed to point to the network time protocol server is implemented. Once all Continue reading...
Example Of Research Paper On Best Practices For Network Security
[Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and Degrees]
[Include any grant/funding information and a complete correspondence address.]
Network security is a means to assure that unauthorized access to assets in the network is prevented. This is vital if we have to protect the CIA triad of Information security, which is to protect the Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability of the data. Unauthorized access could violate one of more of the CIA triad’s principals. These unauthorized accesses also cause loss of accountability and nonrepudiation of actions. This paper examines the concepts of Network Security and Continue reading...