Disturbing trends in the climatic condition of the Arctic led to scientists researching this area. Upon close scrutiny the fascinating greening of the Arctic has been observed. From the space, using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), which is an index of vegetation greenness, the circumpolar changes in the tundra vegetation are observed. The NDVI records of the last 29 years were gathered and the Maximum NDVI was derived. According to studies the MaxNDVI was usually observed in August due to many factors such as CO2 fluxes, above-ground biomass, total eco-system production etc. Many other biophysical properties also cause the Continue reading...
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Research Paper On Rental Price Increase in San Francisco Bay Area
The Cause of Rental Price Increase in San Francisco Bay Area
Rental Price Increase in San Francisco Bay Area
Moving to a new place normally means finding the most comfortable yet the most cost friendly apartment in the neighborhood as near as possible to the place of work. However, the first thing that comes into question in the moving-in process is the price of the rent that one should cut from his monthly paycheck. Cost of rent is a major concern in the San Francisco Bay area due to its staggering price. It became an apparent issue when apartment hunters are faced with over-the-top rental rates in the area. Continue reading...
Good Example Of Minimum Wages Research Paper
Over the last few decades, the American society has witnesses a remarkable dissimilarity in the wealth and income distribution in the country. Simultaneously, the American government has not been successful in effectively addressing the stated escalating inequality and bigotry to allocate assets and capital. Consequently, the outcomes are less efficient, less helpful, and less tolerant. Therefore, there is a widespread acknowledgment that the United States of America has turned out to be the most unfair and lopsided affluent country in the world. This inequitable attitude is evident by all logical measures (King 72).
Although the Continue reading...
Should Minimum Wage Be Increased Research Papers Examples
The term, “minimum wage” refers to a lowest payment that an employer is bound to pay to its workers. Today minimum wage is made compulsory in more than ninety percent of nations including Canada where workers are demanding to increase minimum wages for a long time. Minimum wages are revised by governments in order to met growing needs of workers. There is a difference of opinion on the issue of increasing minimum wages among people of Canada. Employers and employees also have difference views on the issue of increasing minimum wage. This paper intends to discuss the issue of Continue reading...
Research Paper On Should Taxes Increase On Cigarettes
Beyond any reasonable doubt, cigarette smoking causes more harm than good to both the smoker and the surrounding. However, people continue to smoke. Ask any adult smoker the reason behind smoking and you’ll never get a convincing answer. The truth is that most smokers start when they are young, especially in their teens, and get so much addicted when they become adults. Trying to quit cigarette smoking has become an uphill task to most smokers since the drug is readily available, very cheap, and so much addictive. Research and statistics reveal that smoking highly affects human health and Continue reading...
Inflation Research Paper Examples
In this part of the paper the subject of the discussion will be the history and various causes of inflation. We will talk about the history of inflation, the factors which influence it, the mechanism of inflation and its effects, as well as the way government policies deal with inflationary pressures.
History of inflation
In the first step, it is important to discuss the history of inflation and the reasons for its existence. For centuries the problem of money supply increase appeared all over the world. Therefore, countries used to change the type of currency quite often. Thus, initially many countries used Continue reading...
Limitation Research Paper Sample
Despite the mass educational campaigns -- by the health profession, the public, and the media -- on the benefits of healthy diets and physical activity, obesity continues to be a growing problem not only in the United States but globally. By definition, obesity is an abnormal accumulation of body fat, normally 20% and above over the individual's ideal body weight (The Medical Dictionary). According to CDC, obesity and overweight are ranges of weight that are significantly greater than the healthy weight for a given height. This increases the likelihood of various health problems. Body Mass Index (BMI) is used Continue reading...
The Relationship Between Poverty Rate And GDP Growth Research Paper Samples
Poverty is the deprivation of basic things like money, food or assets that are essential for a normal life. GDP on the other hand is the goods and services produced within the by a country in a year. It is known that with increase in poverty it leads to reduction in output of a country. This is because essential resources that are vital for production are lacking. It also means that human capital is insufficient and consequently the resources needed to stir growth are used to feed and provide for the poor population.
Poverty and unstable GDP are common Continue reading...
Environmental And Urban Economics Research Paper Example
Recent decades have witnessed endless debates among environmentalists and economists on the economic and environmental effect of the current usage of Mexican land. With farmers supporting a policy to strengthen wine production in Mexico, real estate developers are interests in a strategy that would allow urban sprawl on Mexican land. Although, the two ideas are beneficial to Mexican economic development, there is increased concern of the environmental implication of these competing economic undertakings. Real estate developers are by large condemned for facilitating environmental degradation with limited consideration of its impacts on future generation (Johnson 21).
On the other hand, Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Neo-Liberalism
The purpose of this research paper is to determine what the term neo liberalism means and the impact of neo liberalism in the modern day political economic and social agenda. This paper will assess the impact of neo liberalism in the United States of America as well as in any other country where global capitalism is in effect. It will provide an account of neo liberalism as a set of concepts and principles. The paper will seek explain how the various sets of principle that are part and parcel of the neo liberalism are being implemented by governments. It Continue reading...
Free Research Paper About Policy Memorandum
Alcohol consumption unlike other good has rose arguments pertaining to its effect on the society due to excess consumption that is declared national menace since it negatively impacts the society. Several measures have been taken to reduce on its consumption and subsequent effect in the society. One of the measures proposed is increase on tax on alcohol so as to reduce on its aggregate consumption. This is an economic policy aiming to affect the individual supply and demand of alcohol and aggregate resulting consumption. Tax would increase on the burden on consumers as well as producers and its Continue reading...
Free Negative Effects Of Higher Rates Of Minimum Wage Research Paper Example
Poverty has been attributed to low income, low wages and unemployment. The provision of a wage by the current federal law has been pinpointed as a means of control in order to reduce the working poverty level. However, the question of whether raising the federal minimum wage will work at improving the current population poverty rate is still an impending topic in the United States. Productivity in an individual firm is determined by the available work force. The raising federal minimum wage has adverse effects on the businesses and the country’s economy. State policies to increase the payroll Continue reading...
Good Example Of Research Paper On How Businesses Are Affected By Government Policies
It is the role of the government to establish regulations guiding business principles and strategic management. When the government imposes these regulations businesses adapt by changing their operations and processes. Time and again the government keeps changing its frameworks forcing businesses to adjust on their operations. The effects are determined by the levels of profitability and competitiveness of businesses. Business owners are obliged to adhere to government rules and regulations by implementing polices aimed at achieving the government objective.
When the government raises its expenditure, for example, it injects income into the public. This creates investment opportunities or business Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Fast Food And Obesity
Background: Many people in the public circles tend to think that fast food is responsible for the increase in obesity cases, particularly in the US (Marlow & Shiers, 2012). There has been a notable increase in the cases of obesity in the US, in the past few decades.
Aim: To find out if there is there a link between the increase in obesity cases and the consumption of fast food in the US?
Approach/method: An analysis of current literatures on this topic.
Findings: They vary. Literatures have revealed that there is a connection between frequent consumption of high calorie fast foods and obesity. Behavior, and not fast food is Continue reading...
Sample Research Paper On Are Smith, Leon And Keynes Contributions Relevant In Todays Market Concept
Is Smith, Leon and Keynes Contributions Relevant in Today’s Market Concept?
This study involves studying, investigating, and analyzing various economic theories, how they relate to each other, and their relevance to modern market concept. The contributions of economic thinkers like Adam Smith, Leon Walras, David Ricardo, John Stuart Mill, Thomas Malthus, Jean-Baptiste Say, and John Maynard Keynes played a lot on what we have today. As the world of market and economics continues to be more complex, some of the ideas of these great economists have ceased to be operational. It all started with classical economics. The Era of “The Wealth of Nation” by Adam Smith in 1776 marks Continue reading...
Example Of Global Warming Effects And Threats On Human Health Research Paper
Global warming has been a very common issue to a lot of people. It had become the topic of every conference, seminars and meeting around the world. It is clear to a lot of people that global warming is no longer a prediction, because scientific studies and evidence continues to arise that the earth’s climate is changing at a very fast pace. Even though the evidence is clear, there is no certainty in every single detail of the evidence because of the nature of science. Global warming has caused a lot of change to the state of the Continue reading...
Example Of Labor Mobility Affecting Human Capital In Developing Countries Research Paper
Labor force is an important tool in the growth of an economy as it is a factor influencing the growth. The usefulness of the labor force of a country depends on various issues. These issues affect the importance of the labor force to the country. The level of education is an important tool in the definition of the labor force of a country. The level of education creates clear demarcations between skilled and unskilled labor. The higher the skills a particular person has the more useful he is to the growth of the economy. Labor mobility arises due to Continue reading...
Example Of Multiple Regression Analysis: The Determinants Of CPI In United Arab Emirates Research Paper
Econometrics analysis is crucial in developing models that are useful in estimating economic variables. However, development of suitable models is crucial in ensuring that their forecasts are accurate. That involves applying suitable model estimation techniques as well as testing for the estimated parameters’ significance. This study applies multiple regressions to analyze the determinants’ of CPI in United Arab Emirates considering the economy’s data for 30 years with an objective of establishing those factors that have a significant effect on CPI. In that respect, the study analyzes five variables including GDP per capita growth (annual %), Money and Quasi money ( Continue reading...
World Energy Statistics Research Paper
Conventional energy sources are commonly non-renewable energy sources these sources are used since long time. Conventional energy sources are used in such extensively way that known reserves are reduced by a great extent. Now it has become more difficult to exploit and discover new deposits of conventional energy sources . It is known that petroleum deposits of our country would be exhausted in few decades while the coal reserves will last for hundred years. The petroleum, natural gas and coal are known conventional energy sources. These three sources account almost 80 percent of total energy sources.
Global energy demand is Continue reading...
Sample Research Paper On Obesity And Overweight As Global Diseases
Overweight and obesity are terms that are used to describe abnormal or excessive fat accumulation to such a level that may negatively affect the health and well-being of an individual (Rossouw, Grant and Vilihjoen, 2012). Over the recent decades obesity and overweight has developed to be a global issue with more and more individuals developing this condition. According to Bahia, Silvia, Barufaldi, de Azevedo, Alves, Pepe and Vianna (2012), in 2005, the World Health Organization indicated that an approximately 1.6 billion adults were overweight and 400 million adults were obese. Additionally, they provided an estimate that by 2015 this Continue reading...
Economic Strengths And Weaknesses Research Paper Sample
Introduction The United States is facing an increase in economic competition, in the new global economy. It is in the State of Michigan that fluctuations are intensely felt and thus affecting the living standards of the residents. The residents are experiencing an unprecedented period of job loss and economic upheaval, with the end nowhere in sight. As manufacturing industries decline and manufacturing jobs disappear, it is becoming increasingly clear that, for the estate and the country to thrive, individuals in Michigan must cultivate the knowledge-driven, entrepreneurial sectors of their economy, particularly so-called "high technology."
Michigan’s has developed various Continue reading...
Good Research Paper On Consumption Patterns, Development And Growth
Adam Smith, David Ricardo and Thomas Robert Malthus
In this paper, we have combined the classical analysis of development and growth with that of luxury consumption. We have also focused on the role played by landlords and labors in the classical economic theories. We have also discussed the other classical economic factors like property rights and contractual agreements in determining fresh investments in agriculture and consumption/growth patterns. Further, we discussed the classical consumption and growth theory of Smith and how that is different from that of the more neo-classical economists like Ricardo and Malthus. The paper also discussed the supply based economic growth model of Ricardo Continue reading...
Social Security Policies In The United States Research Paper
Introduction: The Social Security Act has established a number of programs aimed at providing the material needs of families and individuals. It also aims to protect disabled persons and the aged against expenditures from illnesses that can drain their savings. The human services values of Social Security is to keep families bonded together, and allow the children to grow up healthy and financially secure (Organizational History, 2014). This paper outlines the history of the Social Security policies in the US, their effectiveness, the cost of Social Security services programs and SSA funding. This paper also explains about the future Continue reading...
The Federal Reserve Research Paper
Unlike most countries, that use the central Bank system the U.S has a federal Banking system which is also known as the fed. The headquarters of the federal Bank is in the capital Washington D.C and also has other twelve district banks in different locations. Decisions made by the Federal Reserve Bank are critical because they ensure that the country has a safe and sound financial system. Federal Reserve Act established the fed in 1913 and was formed to solve problems of money in the country. Therefore, the Federal Reserve Bank is mandated to formulate the best fiscal and Continue reading...
Back Ground Information Research Paper
Does increasing Cigarette Tax Help in Reducing Number of Smokers? To what extend does it decrease smokers if it leads to decreased smokers?
Many governments have continuously increased i cigarettes taxes for the last decades. However, governments have been recording increased revenue from cigarette taxes despite decreasing number of smokers. The revenue raised has been used to finance ant tobacco campaigns across the country. Tobacco is a habit forming commodity this makes adults who have been smoking for long not to change their habits in short run. Researchers have given two main reasons for their behavior. First and foremost, Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Would The Flat Tax Be Good For America
A tax is a compulsory contribution from an individual to the government. This payment to the government does not usually result to supply of goods and services to an individual. However, tax is important to any country in that it enables the government run its daily activities and in addition, the government is able to provide goods and services that the private sectors are not willing to supply due to the fact that these goods and services are unprofitable or it is not possible to exclude people from consuming the goods (Forbes, 47). The type of tax levied by Continue reading...
Research Paper On Negative Effects Of Minimum Wage Laws
Minimum wage legislation has diverse impact on county’s economy. This is because it interferes with market demand and supply of labor. The negative economic implications brought by increase in minimum wage are increased inflation, unemployment and under employment, investors opting not to invest in the country, and increased wage rigidity during times of business recession. Extend in which the effect is felt depends on the level of minimum wage in respect to equilibrium wage. Therefore the government legislation and collective bargaining agreements regarding minimum wage should be careful to avoid adverse effect caused by alteration of minimum Continue reading...
Globalization And Its Effects Research Paper Example
Today’s world is becoming increasing more globalized as new high tech gadgets make it easier to connect with people overseas and around the world, and countries and regions engage in international trade. Globalization is the increased interaction between countries and cultures of different regions as an effect of trade, the media, travel, education, cooperation, and more. Countries and cultures pick up aspects of the culture, politics, economy, values and technology of those with which they interact and assimilate to some extent toward these countries and cultures. Many associate globalization with westernization, however, the two terms are not actually Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Temperature & Great Bear Reef
Impact of climatic change on the Great Barrier Reef
Climatic changes refer to lasting and significant changes in the weather patterns characterized by statistical distribution over a period spanning decades or hundred thousands of years. These changes may encompass extreme weather conditions and may happen due to variations in solar radiation reaching earth, biotic processes, volcanic eruptions, melting of the polar caps and plate tectonics. Certain activities undertaken by humans have also been recognized as contributing to negative climatic changes such as global warming. This climate change has threatened earth's ecosystems. The recent harsh change in the climate such as an increase in temperature takes a great toll Continue reading...
Syrian Economic Crisis Research Papers Examples
Since 2000, Syria’s economy was being managed centrally. Supported by the IMF and the World Bank, the structural adjustment program was used by Syria. The five-year plan started in 2006 and ended in 2010. Changing the economic strategy to a liberal market led was the main purpose of the program.
The contents of the plan were based on five main purposes. 1. Respecting the human rights, 2. The rule of law, 3. Making sure the society participates in the political process, 4. Preparing the economy to a social market, 5. Making sure the government Continue reading...
Research Paper On Effect Of Strict Immigration Policies On California Agriculture
Immigration Policy Effects on California Farming.
The United States of America has immigrants that are either authorized or unauthorized. The unauthorized or illegal immigrants are important for the development of the nation’s economy. The illegal immigrants provide about 5-6 percent of the U.S labor force. Any changes in the immigration policies will have both direct and indirect effects on all the sectors of the economy including agriculture. There is an estimated 7 million unauthorized immigrants working in the U.S. (Abelardo 1). The citizens hold different stands regarding the issue. There are those who believe that immigrants better themselves while enriching the country, while Continue reading...
Why The Minimum Wage Should Be Raised Research Paper Sample
Minimum wage has always been a contentious issue in the United States. The federal minimum wage has for a long time been placed at $7.25. However, recent years have seen the debate intensify on whether this federal minimum wage should be increased especially given the current tough economic times. Some have advocated for it to be increased while others have vehemently opposed any policy meant to increase the minimum wage arguing that it will have more negative repercussions than benefits. Various arguments have been forwarded either supporting to disapproving an increase in the minimum wage. This paper adopts the Continue reading...
Good Research Paper About Economics
The rapid increase in oil prices demonstrates that global oil market has entered into a period of oil scarcity. It is expected that rapid growth of oil demand in emerging economies and decrease in oil supply is the main reason of oil scarcity. Oil is an important factor in the production and transportation and it is the most traded commodity in the world. In general, oil prices follow the economic law of demand and supply. According to this law, when demand increases over the supply, the prices will increase that influence both the supply and demand (Cashin, et al, Continue reading...
Example Of Research Paper On Behavioral Interventions In Helping Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders (Ads
1.0 Pivotal response therapy (PRT)
Pivotal response therapy/treatment/training is one of the early behavioral intervention techniques developed for management of autism. This techniques is built on the premise that autism interferes with “pivotal behaviors” that ultimately underlie other behaviors are deficient in autistic children. The pivotal behaviors/areas are initiating activities, motivation, self-management, feelings and responding to multiple/complicated cues (signals). PRT therefore aims at increasing pivotal behaviors, particularly motivation, which would in turn enhance generalization. The autistic child chooses the activity and is rewarded (positive reinforcement) for every correct responses or attempt. As such, PRT trains the child to respond Continue reading...
Aging Athletes Research Paper Sample
The physiological and lifestyle aging of older athletes can be caused by several factors. However, due to their exemplary physical and mental condition, these older athletes have been role models for successful stories on optimal aging (Sipe, “Training Masters Athletes”). In fact, the author stated that most of the trainers believe that working with master athletes is a rewarding experience because it serves as an eye-opener for younger athletes. Based on the changes observed in the group of older-adult athletes, the have advanced their physiological age as a result of the natural aging, but not on their lifestyle aging. Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Budgeting
Budgeting for a large number of people within a given county can be a complicated issue to deal with. Of the issues that need to be included in the budget, there are some that given certain circumstances demand more attention. However, funding is inevitable. It has been identified in the works of Grimm that the basic needs that a city is concerned about and ought to be included in the budget include water, collection of trash, police, sewer, streets, and fire departments. Some of these departments can have other ways and means of raising funds to Continue reading...
Example Of Implication Of Biofuel Production On Economics Of Food Crops Research Paper
There has been a sudden growth in the production of biofuels recently. This is being mostly witnessed in relations to those types of biofuels that are being produced to replace the ethanol. Biofuels is one of the renewable source of energy that scientist are advocating for us as regards to the effect of non-renewable fuels on the environment and climate. The effects of those non-renewable fuels are so detrimental, that it has resulted in great changes in the climate and our environment.
Biofuel is a form of fuel that has its energy derived from the process of biological carbon Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On General Equilibrium Theory
The paper dwells on general equilibrium theory by putting into perspective various critical issues. The origin of the concept of general equilibrium theory is illuminated dating back to neoclassical period. Moreover, various models such as Walras model of pricing and modern equilibrium model is also put into consideration. Finally, the importance and application of general equilibrium has also been discussed at length. General equilibrium theory refers to a concept modeled around theoretical economics. The modern general equilibrium takes into consideration three important interpretations which should be taken into consideration. The idea of general equilibrium theory cannot be complete when Continue reading...
Natural Disaster Flooding Research Papers Examples
Nature causes all floods despite the fact that some manmade activities also contribute in flooding. The developed nations on the globe including UK and the United States do suffer from losses caused by flooding (Natural Disasters-Floods). For instance, the New Orleans Hurricane Katrina that took place between 2005 and 2009 were intensified due to manmade activities (Shrum, 2014).
Classification of Flooding
Floods can be classified into river and coastal floods. Mandych (2011) defined river floods as inundations of river valleys that are caused by high waters running downstream. This is the most frequent and widespread type of floods. He added that river Continue reading...
Good Research Paper On The Future Of Electric Car
The idea of developing an electrically powered car has been around for more than a century now. This was mainly as a result of the increasing need to reduce the number of oil powered automobiles currently in use because they greatly contribute to environmental pollution and the ever fluctuating oil prices and unpredictable supplies as was observed in the oil crisis of 1970s. A significant breakthrough for this idea was in 1888 when the first electric car was made. It became popular in the 19th and early 20th century majorly because it was less noisy and produced low emissions. Continue reading...