There has always been an interest to know what triggers certain collective actions in societies, especially in contentious politics. Governments have always had to deal with social unrest, protests, uprisings and public demonstrations when parts of the population feel they are being oppressed or that the government does not respond to their pleas. However, majorities do not seem to participate actively in political demonstrations. In fact, even massive public manifestations encompass small percentages of populations. In the famous book The Logic of Collective Action, Mancur Olson offers a list of conditions that would deter people from participating in collective Continue reading...
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Socialism Research Papers Samples For Students
Good Research Paper About Cuba: Lack Of Democracy
The research paper delves into the rise and spread of democracy in Cuba. It traces the history of Cuban government and the new experiments conducted by the Revolutionary Government of Cuba led by Fidel Castro. The government applied the ideals of generis socialism in the country; however, it had to abandon it as the people of the country did not fully respond it. Finally, it endorsed the socialist ideals that existed in the USSR and other East European countries.
Origins of Democracy in Cuba
The historical process of democracy began in Cuba with the Revolution in 1959 led by Fidel Castro. Indeed, it is Continue reading...
How Does The Desire For Property Affect The Nature Of Human Beings Research Paper Example
Human beings have always been relentless in their pursuit of property. In many occasions, the amount of property that an individual possesses defines his stature in the society (Ostrom & Hess 6). It is for this primary reason that humans have since time immemorial devised various means and ways of acquiring property. There are two main types of property. These are private property and public property. Greater interest is however shown in private property. As mentioned, human beings have always desired to as much private property as possible and over time, some philosophers have attempted to explain how the desire Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Labor Unions
Labor unions refer to an organization planned to speak to the aggregate hobbies of laborers in arrangements with businesses over wages, hours and working conditions. Labor unions are frequently industry-particular and have a tendency to be more basic in assembling, mining, development, transportation and the general population area.
The origin of Labor unions goes again to the eighteenth century and the modern insurgency in Europe. Amid this time, there was a gigantic surge of new laborers into the working environment that required representation. In the United States history of unions, early laborers and exchange unions had an imperative impact Continue reading...
Good Research Paper About Labor Law And Collective Bargaining As It Relates To The Fire Service
Collective bargaining represents a form of organization, composed of several workers, acting in the name of all the workers of an organization, having the responsibility of negotiating the terms and conditions of employees’ work, which result in a signed agreement attesting the organization’s recognition of the worker’s activities, rights and responsibilities or other negotiated benefits (International Association of Fire Fighters, 1998). Among the activities involved in the collective bargaining and related with the labor law there is also the contract negotiation.
Negotiating the labor contract implies designating a negotiating committee that, based on the general decision of Continue reading...
The Individual Vs. Collectivism In The Novella Anthem By Ayn Rand Research Paper Example
In the book Ayn Rand, the reader comes face to face with a society that is crippled with the human nature that considers individualism as sin. The protagonist of the story Equality 7-2521 goes on to question the spirit of collectivism which seems to be liked by a majority in his society. He goes on to say that his individualism has driven him and those with like minds to thoughts that are forbidden (1.6). According to him, the individual can never succeed unless he works together with others. Even when faced with a society that is crippled with collectivism, Continue reading...
The Importance Of Karl Marx In The Western Tradition Of Philosophy Research Paper Examples
Karl Marx is an important philosopher in the Western tradition of philosophy not just because of his ideas, but because those ideas led to significant changes in the world in the 20th century as his ideas were adopted to fuel political movements and also in the structuring of new systems of government. The philosophical issue that Marx explored was a political philosophy on the divide between those of economic means, and workers who in order to get by needed to sacrifice their humanity to work lands they did not own, or factories in which their labor contributed to the Continue reading...
Social Stratification Research Paper Examples
Social stratification refers to a system by which individuals in society are ranked in a hierarchy on the basis of power, prestige or property. Stratification is a characteristic of society that persists over generations, creating a pattern of social inequality. In this case, the social inequality is attributed to unfair distribution of societal resources on a regular, wide-scale basis along the lines of certain specific, identifiable characteristics (Tumin, 1985). The most identifiable forms of social stratification are caste and class systems, which are practiced in various parts of the world.
The caste system
The term caste is derived from the Spanish word ‘ Continue reading...
Totalitarian Autocracies: Fascism And Communism Research Paper Examples
Fascism and communism are two ideologies that presented the idea of reaching utopia. While fascism is on the extreme left and communism is on the extreme right, both ideologies believe that it is through the destruction of the world that a new order will be born from. Both ideologies do not see the good in the existence of the bourgeoisie and have endeavored to extinguish it. Lastly, communism and fascism are one in their goal of recruiting members that will compose and work with them in achieving their vision of the new utopia.
Fascism had its seed firmly planted Continue reading...
Good Example Of The Communist Manifesto Research Paper
Karl Marx came up with the Communist Manifesto for the Communist Party in the year 1848 together with Friedrich Engels. This manifesto was written for the Communist league that had been founded a year earlier and it was this Communist League that authorized its publication in the year 1848. Before the formation of the Communist League, Karl Marx together with Engels among others had founded the Communist Correspondence Committee (CCC). The main aims of CCC were to foster a relationship between European Communist States keeping them in touch with each other’s activities. Their other functions also involved contacting Continue reading...
Good Example Of Labor Relations: Collective Bargaining Agreements Research Paper
San Diego CA, USA
Keywords: collective bargaining agreements, grievance procedure, mediation, arbitration, fact finding, covenant of good faith and fair dealing.
The parties should study all the circumstances and define grievance procedure. Background of the grievances can be of different nature, depending on place, industry, corporate culture etc.
Grievance procedure: Background.
Grievance procedure: Financial Background.
In the market driven world and under condition of the high competition, the companies fight to survive, often facing a need to cut costs by outsourcing the processes or the services. If a company’s CFO took a decision, and the board of director has approved, to outsource production, Continue reading...
Example Of Unfair Labor Practices By Employers Research Paper
There has been a steady growth in the number of charges related to unfair labor practices with the NLRB (National Relations Board) (Steenson, 2010). This article describes what Unfair Labor Practices are. It goes further to explain the fines assessed by the companies. It also discusses the rate of repeat offenders. It begins by giving the definition of unfair labor practices. It then explains the various interests potentially harmed by Unfair Labor Practices. The interests discussed include individual interests, collective interests and union interest. The paper then describes the available remedies for the wrongdoing. Remedies discussed have been categorized Continue reading...
Research Paper On Utopians Socialism As Reflected In China
Until the advent of the 20th century, China was a rural society composed of an agrarian economy with very little experience of the urban. This state of affairs however elevated the country into a collective socialist imaginative mirage of a Utopian system. The application of a Utopian system is largely associated with some of the 20th century leaders such as Pol Pot, Adolf Hitler and Josef Stalin whom in their quest for a Utopia on earth led to a “state of hell” where thousands of citizen got killed. Although the Utopian systems such as that of Adolf’s “Thousand Continue reading...
Free Historical Perspective Research Paper Sample
Collective Bargaining Rights and how they Impact Employment Law in the U.S.
(Name of your Course)
(Name of your Tutor)
(Date of Submission
In the United States, collective bargaining rights have provided a stable voice to the millions of employees against their employers who represent the industrial organizations and companies. Collective bargaining plays a strong role in defining the terms of employment in the U.S. and thus, it has had significant impact on the various employment laws that have emerged in the nation. They dictate the overall cost of employing and firing new members of staff in the company Continue reading...
Example Of Research Paper On Karl Marx And Theodor W. Adorno
Both Karl Marx and Theodor W. Adorno are Germany philosophers who made significant introspective examination of sociology and other significant studies that are of significant value to society. Karl Marx was born in 1818 in Trier, Germany. Marx schooled in Trier from 1830 to 1835 and he later went Bonn University where studied law. While at Bonn Marx had most of his time spent in running large debts in addition to socialization. Though majority of the people in his birth town were Catholics being of Jewish dialect, Marx chose to be a protestant. Marx later moved to Berlin University Continue reading...
Example Of What Does Marxism Say About The Consequences Of Globalization Internationally Research Paper
Globalization simply means “the worldwide movement towards economic, financial, trade and communications integration”, (Business Dictionary, 2013). It is the establishment of closer contacts among human societies (i.e. countries) across the globe. Different theorists have different definitions of what globalization is. However, Waters gives a more general definition of what globalization is. “Globalization is a social process in which the constraints of geography on economic, political, social and cultural arrangements recede, in which people become increasingly aware that they are receding and in which people act accordingly” (Waters, 2001). Globalization recently has been accelerated by use of telephone services, computers Continue reading...
Example Of Research Paper On Practical Implications Of Custer Analysis
Cluster analysis is one of the crucial techniques undertaken by business organizations for the purpose of analyzing the trends and characteristics of a marketplace. Cluster analysis is the process in which different cases or observations, and entities that are having homogeneous characteristics are undertaken in a group. This group is called as cluster. All the entities included in a cluster show similar trends and activities, while dissimilarities in two different clusters can be traced quite easily. This cluster analysis is useful for companies, as it reduces the workload of conducting marketing research. Through this measure, rather than observing individual Continue reading...
Social Change, Individual Versus Collective Effort Research Paper Sample
Human being interactions follow complex dynamics that keep the society running without conflict. Interaction of various individuals in the society and people within various social couplings lead to the development of mechanisms that control the actions of others against violating the comfort and right to enjoy their lives as fulfilling, as they would possibly achieve. Through generations, conflicts arise among the various people living in a community over differing issues such as resource distribution, security from attacks, sharing of common social amenities and many other spheres of human interaction. As generations come and go, so do human relations with Continue reading...
Research Paper On What Economic System Is Best Suited For Handling A Crisis Of Epic Proportion
The government is expected to respond and come to the aid of the people in case any disaster strikes. This is usually done depending on the economic system that the country has adopted. When disasters strike regardless of the magnitude, the first people to respond are the emergency services. Depending on the intensity of the disaster the country makes the decision on whether or not to engage the help of other countries. The most preferred economic system that is most suitable for handling different crisis with regard to their epic proportion is the mixed economic system (Powell, 2007).
Mixed Continue reading...
Example Of Ethics In Human Resource Management Research Paper
Ethics constitutes the heart of organizations’ human resource management function (MacDonald, 2013). Human resource managers strive to address ethical issues in order to enhance smooth flow of organizational operations. Ethics refers to the branch of moral philosophy that deals with separating the right from the wrong to avoid organizational misunderstandings. Human resource management concentrates on business ethics to examine ethical principles and moral problems that arise in business environments (Simpson, 2013). Managers apply ethics to all aspects of the business operation to control the conduct of organizational publics and lead the business towards the right direction. Business ethics comprises Continue reading...
Research Paper On Liberalism And Marxism View Of Ideal Societies
Introduction to Philosophy
Some scientists and philosophers, without some of the theories proposed by John Locke, the later developments by Marx would have been non-existent. According to the liberal view, the state has a minimal role in directing the society and economic affairs. Classical liberalism favors a minimal state that only provides basic societal needs such as enforcing contracts, defense, and protection of property. On the contrary, social liberals recognize even more roles of the state, especially in the economic front. For instance, according to these social liberals, the state regulates capitalism as a measure of consumer and employee protection. It also Continue reading...
Updated Marx And Weber Research Paper Example
Social class, while it has several definitions, attempts to define the separation of different groups. Generally, people of one social class can be observed to interact more so with members of the same group.
Marx believed that the alienation of the worker was brought about by his creating a product that existed outside of him, was independent or alien from him and belonged to a power other than him. In religion this same
dynamic plays out since man’s understanding of his self, his praise of his own talents, virtues and abilities are taken from him and applied to Continue reading...
Research Paper On A Political Philosophy Analysis Of The Khmer Rouge Genocide In Cambodia
Democratic Kampuchea was one of the most violent regimes to ever rule. During the course of their rule, they were responsible for the death of more than two million individuals; as a proportion of the nation’s size, this is an incredibly large number. The deaths were the result of a nearly fundamentalist adherence to the philosophies espoused in The Communist Manifesto, and were incredibly damaging to the nation in both the long term and the short term.
The years following the second world war were a tumultuous time for the world as a whole. The world knew that Continue reading...
Research Paper On Private Property And Free Enterprise Is A Source Of Enmity, Conflict And Inequality
Response: Private Property and Free Enterprise: Good or Bad?
According to the prompt, "Private property and free enterprise is a source of enmity, conflict and inequality, and it is therefore incompatible with a free, equal and healthy democracy." This is an interesting question; the implication within the sentence is that there is a fundamental incompatibility with free enterprise and an effective democracy. In order to address whether or not this statement is correct, it is necessary to consult some of the great voices in economic thought; through the perspectives of Marx, Rawls, Mill and Hobbes, the importance of capitalism to a just and equitable democracy will be explored. Continue reading...
Sociological Theory Research Paper
The Arab Springs and Karl Marx’s Theory of Capitalism
Sociology resonates around analysis and observation of social relations. It goes further than that and explains occurrences in life and their remedies. In the field of sociology, Karl Marx occupies an important niche for his appreciated contribution in terms of analysing, explaining and predicting societal events and outcomes. One would remember that Karl Marx opposed the concept of capitalism and predicted that it would crumble down to socialism before finally settling on communism. Indeed, it is also historically recorded that Karl Marx was the face and father of communism. His original theory has been adjusted by contemporary versions Continue reading...
Labor Relations Research Paper Sample
This is a negotiating process between employers and employees, through their unions, to determine employment terms. Collective bargaining refers to business done in good-faith mechanisms, and the opinions raised are meant for the well-being of a group of workers. The results of collective bargaining are referred as collective bargaining agreement, which establishes conditions, terms, and rules of employment, and is legally binding.
A potential collective bargaining agreement includes; compensation, personal procedures and policies, employee’s rights and responsibilities, and employer’s rights and responsibilities. Compensation implies the terms of work such as wages and salaries, vacations and holidays, benefits Continue reading...
Karl Marx: Labor, Capitalism Research Paper Examples
Both Karl Marx and Max Weber are studied as two of the most interesting and valuable contributors to the field of sociology in their lifetimes. Both of them had strong, philosophical beliefs about what they felt was right and wrong for society as a whole. Both men felt that society would benefit from a capitalistic society ending and a socialist society replacing it in terms of government and economy. But, these two men had very different views as to the reasons behind the changes and how the changes should be instituted.
Karl Marx, the father of communism, had strong Continue reading...
Research Paper On Sociology
How does culture shape our collective identity?
Culture is explained as a set of beliefs, norms, values, customs, skills, roles, knowledge, diet, dress and language and certain other components which people acquire and adhere to follow a certain path to live life as per acceptable terms in the society. Culture is passed from previous generations due to an outcome of socialization. Eminent philosopher Charles Taylor explains that identity is formed by means of either the absence of recognition or recognition and may be applicable to discrepancies and similarities at the same time (Persson, 43). This is done by recognizing an individual by either similar of different Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Airport Security
Global security has been a thorny issue since the cold war era. However the notion of global security has over the years changed. Terrorism attacks in various nations like the 9/11 in the United States created a shift to a new security paradigm. Policy entrepreneurs have used the increasing complexity in the description of security to articulate for the secularization of policy areas that were not initially thought to be vulnerable entry points to of terrorists into states. For example, since 9/11 the department of immigration in the United States has been highly securitized. In fact, the department of Continue reading...
Example Of Collective Bargaining Research Paper
While working together or in a group, it is arguably true to state that this platform offers a rather intriguing arena where individuals conjoin their expectations to the project or work definition. However, this is not the only expectation that is present. Apparently, there are numerous challenges continuously faced by individuals, as well as corporations such that there arise constant need to have a common voice. Take for example, in the event that employees of a corporation perceive that they are underpaid or intend to have a pay rise, it is imperative for them to come up with a Continue reading...
Political Science Research Paper
Cuba and Venezuelan Socialism in 21st century
[12 November 2012]
The world has witnessed various revolutions over the years. An activity or a movement, which results into fundamental changes in social, economic and political situations, can be termed as a revolution. There are numerous revolutions, which have either failed or succeeded in achieving the intended objectives to initiators and generations thereafter. 20th century is one of the most influential centuries in human history when there were numerous revolutions.
One such revolution which took place was in the form of the rise of Socialism which first came into effect in Russia after the Czar of Russia was Continue reading...
Socialism In The Twenty First Century Research Paper Sample
Socialism in the Twenty First Century
Many researchers of the socialism campaign of the 21st century prefer to treat the word “socialism” as a misnomer. Hence, the ‘socialism’ that we talk of in this paper does not involve the political aspect but seeks to examine the term in the aspects of their style, rhetoric and actions. This paper takes only as broad overview of the topic, highlighting the major aspects without delving to the possible in depth analysis that could have been possible in a work of lesser scope. This paper has been prepared keeping this intention in mind.
Cuba & Its Tryst with Socialism
Whenever Socialism is thought of in Continue reading...
Research Paper On Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini And Joseph Stalin
Dictatorship is when the government takes control of the entire country including the citizens’ lifestyles, rights and freedoms. This implies that in a totalitarian government like the one established by Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini and Joseph Stalin, political opponents were not allowed to influence any activities in their own countries. This paper is therefore intended to bring out the similarities and differences of the above three dictators in terms of their ideology, usage of propaganda and methods that they used to improve their countries’ economies (Weber, 107). Though they were dictators the three had got the same aim of Continue reading...
Political Ideology Research Paper Examples
Throughout the history of mankind, there have been numerous attempts to organize society using existing political ideologies. Governments across the globe have used a combination of these ideologies to create customized systems of government. Political scholars have acknowledged five political ideologies as the most distinct. These are anarchism, absolutism, liberalism, conservatism and socialism. Political ideologies are based on the belief that each society needs rules and regulations in order to thrive. These beliefs are political in nature and work by distributing power within society. It is an attempt by humanity to understand the world and evaluate its processes and Continue reading...
Research Paper On The Components Of The Psychoanalytic Approach To Personality
Sigmund Freud is known as the founder of psychoanalysis. He saw the development of the personality as based on early childhood sexuality and libido and the human mind as divided into the id, the ego and the superego. Conflicts between these elements were the formative basis for neurosis. Carl Jung was Freud’s associate, patient and protégé. He took Freud’s work a step further, and in a differing direction. At the outset, Freud saw Jung as his successor and they shared an intense exchange of ideas from 1906 to 1912. As Jung developed his own theories, which Continue reading...
Research Paper On Sensation Perception
In order to understand the world around us, it is absolutely vital that we be mindful of the difference between sensation and perception, as well as the distinct roles these concepts take. In essence, while sensation is a passive process, where information from the world around us is absorbed into our brain without our active engagement, perception relies upon that same engagement to actively organize and interpret stimuli that is being introduced into the brain. While these two concepts combine to form the fundamental way in which we interact with our world, many are left to wonder just what Continue reading...
Research Paper On Comparison Of Ricardos And Marxs View On Adam Smiths Labor Theory Of Value
The concepts that used in economics are quite varied both in approach and areas that they seek to address. Each of the theories defined in economics has a distinct feature that defines its application. The Labor theory of value is one example of such economic theories. The theory stipulates that the value of commodities is closely linked to the labor that had to be used in producing the commodity. Several economists have provided different in-depth analysis of their understanding and assertion of the concept of labor theory of value. The most prominent of these economists was the 18th century Continue reading...
Research Paper On Capitalism Immigration Socialism And America
Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle
Upton Sinclair’s 1906 novel, The Jungle, covers numerous subjects centered on life in Chicago, focusing on the corruption and collusion rampant during those years between industries such as the meatpackers, the politicians, and criminal underground. It describes the squalid and hopeless living conditions of working-class families, especially the immigrants, the fights and failures of unions, and presents an alternative and negative view of capitalism as well as arguments for socialism. The book became a best seller but not for the reasons Sinclair hoped, its socialist message overshadowed by the graphic and sickening descriptions of working conditions in the Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Labor Laws And Unions
Research on Management: Identifying Issues on Labor Laws and Unions
General Motors Corporation
When the US economy crashed in 2008, General Motors was also in the brink of bankruptcy despite of their efforts to cutback on operational cost for two years. The company was granted with a $9 Billion aid by the Federal government in December of 2008 to keep them afloat. In July 10 of the following year General Motors sold most of its assets and was forced to file bankruptcy. It was by that time the biggest collapse by a corporation in history. After the biggest crash came their biggest come back in a decade. In February Continue reading...
Psychopolitics Of Hatred In Yugoslavia Research Paper
Yugoslavia is a known nation that has enthusiastically supported the socialism fever by the Soviet Union. Its position and the key role in the greatest World Wars and in the Cold War enabled it to present a two-edged chance for both the West and the Soviet Union. With the psychopolitical influence of Soviet Union in Yugoslavia’s main leader for forty years, the country has been able to create its own brand of communism and even force their influence on other identities in support to this brand. But this psychopolitical propaganda was Continue reading...