Type 2 diabetes mellitus is distinguished by insulin resistance and a relative disorder in insulin secretion. The production and development of the disease is not completely understood and we find genetic factors as well as environmental factors affecting the insulin release. The disease is increasingly common and basically caused due to obesity and sedentary lifestyle. The chronic metabolic disorder affects both the insulin secretion and insulin action. It is the suppressed hepatic glucose production as well as lower insulin-mediated glucose uptake by the muscles that contribute equally to postprandial hyperglycemia.
The dominance of risk factors
Nearly 400 million people worldwide are affected by diabetes and ...