Punishment refers to any negative change that occurs immediately after a behavior and is likely to reduce the probability of that same behavior reoccurring in future. Punishment can be positive or negative.
An Incident that May Call for Punishment
Mark, a six year old boy, is undergoing therapy and is being taught to follow instructions given by his mother. During the therapy sessions, he is given access to his favorite toys. Whenever he is given instructions by his mother and he fails to follow them, one of his toys is taken away from him. Mark does not like it when the toys are taken. From this