Kirchhoff’s Laws are fundamental in the analysis of electrical and electronic circuits. They describe the behavior of linear circuits accurately, and work well with approximations in other types of systems as well, making them extremely useful (“Electrical Principles”, 2013). Further, they are more popular and widely used than Maxwell’s equations, from which they can be derived. This is because Maxwell’s equations are very complex and involve brute Mathematics to solve even simple circuits, while the Kirchhoff’s laws are relatively much easier to use in most cases.
There are two laws which were given by Kirchhoff:
1) Kirchhoff’s Current law (KCL)