Educational research is undertaken to generate knowledge. Its five objectives are “exploration” “description,” “ explanation,” “prediction,” and “influence” (Johnson & Christensen, nd). Among the many areas of educational research are quantitative research, qualitative research, mixed methods, and action research. These four areas will be discussed in this paper as well as the research process, and specific applications of these methodologies.
The Research Process
There are seven basic steps involved in conducting a research. These are (1) identifying the research problem, (2) review of literature, (3) specifying a purposes, (4) developing research questions, (5) collecting data, (6) analysis and interpretation of data, and (7) reporting